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The Jazz Revolution : Twenties America and the Meaning of Jazz - Kathy J. Ogren

The Jazz Revolution

Twenties America and the Meaning of Jazz

Paperback Published: 1st January 1996
ISBN: 9780195074796
Number Of Pages: 240

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Born of African rhythms, the spiritual "call and response," and other American musical traditions, jazz was by the 1920s the dominant influence on this country's popular music. Writers of the Harlem Renaissance (Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, Zora Neale Hurston) and the "Lost Generation" (Malcolm Cowley, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Gertrude Stein), along with many other Americans celebrated it--both as an expression of black culture and as a symbol of rebellion against American society. But an equal number railed against it. Whites were shocked by its raw emotion and sexuality, and blacks considered it "devil's music" and criticized it for casting a negative light on the black community.
In this illuminating work, Kathy Ogren places this controversy in the social and cultural context of 1920s America and sheds new light on jazz's impact on the nation as she traces its dissemination from the honky-tonks of New Orleans, New York, and Chicago, to the clubs and cabarets of such places as Kansas City and Los Angeles, and further to the airwaves. Ogren argues that certain characteristics of jazz, notably the participatory nature of the music, its unusual rhythms and emphasis, gave it a special resonance for a society undergoing rapid change. Those who resisted the changes criticized the new music; those who accepted them embraced jazz. In the words of conductor Leopold Stowkowski, "Jazz had] come to stay because it was] an expression of the times, of the breathless, energetic, superactive times in which we were] living, it was] useless to fight against it."
Numerous other factors contributed to the growth of jazz as a popular music during the 1920s. The closing of the Storyville section of New Orleans in 1917 was a signal to many jazz greats to move north and west in search of new homes for their music. Ogren follows them to such places as Chicago, New York, and San Francisco, and, using the musicians' own words as often as possible, tells of their experiences in the clubs and cabarets. Prohibition, ushered in by the Volstead Act of 1919, sent people out in droves to gang-controlled speak-easies, many of which provided jazz entertainment. And the 1920s economic boom, which made music readily available through radio and the phonograph record, created an even larger audience for the new music. But Ogren maintains that jazz itself, through its syncopated beat, improvisation, and blue tonalities, spoke to millions.
Based on print media, secondary sources, biographies and autobiographies, and making extensive use of oral histories, The Jazz Revolution offers provocative insights into both early jazz and American culture.

"A thought-provoking historical and sociological look at America's debate about jazz in the 1920s....A revealing and unique portrait of the jazz decade."--Choice "Well-researched and entertaining."--Utne Reader "Persuasive....A useful contribution to the field."--The Journal of American History "A useful introduction to and a suggestive commentary on the topic."--The Journal of Southern History "Enlightening....A wide range of critical concepts is treated."--Fort Worth Star-Telegram "A thought-provoking historical and sociological look at America's debate about jazz in the 1920s....A revealing and unique portrait of the jazz decade."--Choice "Well-researched and entertaining."--Utne Reader "Persuasive....A useful contribution to the field."--The Journal of American History "A useful introduction to and a suggestive commentary on the topic."--The Journal of Southern History "Enlightening....A wide range of critical concepts is treated."--Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Introduction: The Significance of the Jazz Controversy for Twenties Americap. 3
"Comin' Down the Same Drain": Performance Practice of Bluesmen, Minstrels, and Jazzmenp. 11
"All the Lights Were Tinted Green or Red": Location and Setting for Jazz Performancep. 56
Dance-Tested Records and Syncopep for the Millionsp. 87
From Devil's Music to Jooking: Jazz Performance and the Black Communityp. 111
Prudes and Primitives: White Americans Debate Jazzp. 139
Conclusion: Performance Crossroadsp. 162
Notesp. 167
Bibliographic Essay and Suggested Readingsp. 197
Indexp. 213
Illustrations follow pagep. 110
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195074796
ISBN-10: 0195074793
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 1st January 1996
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 20.3 x 13.5  x 1.3
Weight (kg): 0.21