Britain in the sixteenth century appeared little different from its European neighbours, and shared their renewed 'Malthusian' pressures, as population growth threatened the resource base of the economy. Yet, by the later seventeenth century, Britain had broken the limits imposed by food production. With the development of its trade, transport and industry, and the effective integration of its economy as a whole, the country was becoming by the later eighteenth century more urban and industrial than its neighbours, and was rapidly overtaking the Netherlands as the least 'rural' country in Europe. This volume of key readings sets British development in its broad context and, in presenting the strong evidence of the extent and nature of its economic advance in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, provides the critical backgrond for the understanding of the late process of British industrialization.
General Editor's Introduction: R. A. Church and E. A. Wrigley.
Introduction: J. A. Chartres.
Part I: Background and Macroeconomic Perspective: .
1. The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: the Dark Ages in English Economic History?: F. J. Fisher.
2. Economic History and Economic Underdevelopment: Barry E. Supple.
3. Agriculture and the Home Market for English Industry, 1660-1820: Patrick O'Brien.
Part II: Agriculture:.
4. Seventeenth-century Agriculture and Social Change: Joan Thirsk.
5. The Chronology of English Enclosure, 1500-1914: J. R. Wordie.
6. The Diffusion of Agricultural Innovations in Early Modern England: Turnips and Clover in Norfolk and Suffolk, 1580-1740: M. Overton.
Part III: External Trade:.
7. English Foreign Trade 1660-1700: R. Davis.
8. English Foreign Trade 1700-1774: R. Davis.
9. The Plantation Revolution and the Industrial Revolution, 1625-1775: Richard B. Sheridan.
Part IV: Towns and Internal Trade: .
10. A Simple Model of London's Importance in Changing English Society and Economy, 1650-2750: E. A. Wrigley.
11. Food Consumption and Internal Trade: J. A. Chartres.
12. Urban Improvements and the English Economy in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: E. L. Jones and M. E. Falkus.
Part V: Demographic Change and its Implications:.
13. The Impact of Scarcity and Plenty on Population Change in England 1541-1871: Roger Schofield.
14. The Demographic Implications of Rural Industrialization: A Family Reconstitution Study of Shepshed, Leicestershire, 1600-2851: David Levine.
15. Migration in England during the Late Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries: Peter Clark.
Part VI: Industry and Employment:.
16. Industries in the Countryside: J. Thirsk.
17. The Proto-Industrial Family Economy: the Structural Function of Household and Family During the Transition from Peasant to Industrial Capitalism.
18. Labour in the English Economy of the seventeenth Century: D. C. Coleman.
19. Health, Work and Leisure before the Industrial Revolution: Herman Freudenberger and Gaylord Cummins.
Part VII: Public and Private Finance: .
20. London Private Bankers, 1720-1785: D. M. Joslin.
21. Credit in English Rural Society before the Nineteenth Century, with Special Reference to the Period 1650-1720: B. A. Holderness.