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The Indo-Aryan Languages : Cambridge Language Surveys - Colin P. Masica

The Indo-Aryan Languages

Cambridge Language Surveys

Paperback Published: 8th November 1993
ISBN: 9780521299442
Number Of Pages: 560

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In his ambitious survey of the Indo-Aryan languages, Masica has provided a fundamental, comparative introduction that will interest not only general and theoretical linguists but also students of one or more languages (Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujurati, Marathi, Sinhalese, etc.) who want to acquaint themselves with the broader linguistic context. Generally synchronic in approach, concentrating on the phonology, morphology and syntax of the modern representatives of the group, the volume also covers their historical development, writing systems, and aspects of sociolinguistics.

'Masica's new book provides the urgently needed comprehensive and linguistically sophisticated survey of NIA, and will remain the standard work for a long time to come.' Journal of Asian Studies 'No anthropological linguist planning work in South Asia should leave home without it.' American Anthropologist

List of illustrationsp. ix
List of tablesp. xi
Prefacep. xii
Acknowledgementsp. xiv
Note on transcriptionp. xv
Introductionp. 1
The modern Indo-Aryan languages and dialectsp. 8
Indo-Aryan: a bird's eye viewp. 8
"Language" vs. "dialect" in the Indo-Aryan contextp. 23
Hindi and Urdup. 27
Nomenclaturep. 30
The historical context and development of Indo-Aryanp. 32
Genetic connectionsp. 32
Migration hypotheses and associated problemsp. 34
The traditional Indian viewp. 37
The new linguistic environmentp. 39
Subsequent spread of Indo-Aryan in the subcontinent and beyondp. 43
Foreign influences and contactsp. 47
The historical stages of Indo-Aryanp. 50
Sociolinguistic aspects of the history of Indo-Aryanp. 55
Comparative reconstructionp. 60
The nature of the New Indo-Aryan lexiconp. 61
General considerationsp. 61
The traditional analysis: tadbhava and tatsamap. 64
The Sanskrit element in NIAp. 67
The "foreign" element in NIA: Perso-Arabicp. 71
The "foreign" element in NIA: Portuguesep. 73
The "foreign" element in NIA: Englishp. 74
The "foreign" element in NIA: pronunciationp. 75
NIA creativity: expressive formsp. 76
NIA creativity: onomatopoeia and sound symbolismp. 78
NIA creativity: echo-formationsp. 80
NIA creativity: modern neologismsp. 81
Common basic vocabularyp. 84
NIA descriptive phonologyp. 86
Descriptive problemsp. 86
Secondary subsystemsp. 90
The NIA consonantsp. 93
Stop positionp. 94
Nasalsp. 95
Laterals and flapsp. 97
Fricativesp. 98
Semivowelsp. 99
Voicingp. 100
Aspirationp. 101
Other correlations, and special soundsp. 104
Secondary consonantsp. 105
Overview of NIA consonant "systems"p. 106
NIA vowels and associated featuresp. 106
NIA oral vowel systemsp. 107
Further remarks on vowelsp. 113
Diphthongsp. 115
Nasalizationp. 117
Tone and murmurp. 118
Stressp. 121
Distributionsp. 122
General positional privilegesp. 122
Cooccurrence possibilities and constraintsp. 125
Areal and typological comparisonsp. 131
Writing systemsp. 133
Origins of Brahmip. 133
Evolution and diversification of Brahmip. 137
Legacy of Brahmip. 145
Perso-Arabic script for NIA languagesp. 151
The Roman script for NIA languagesp. 153
Historical phonologyp. 154
Introductionp. 154
Review of OIA phonologyp. 157
MIA or "Prakritic" developmentsp. 166
Summary of the effects of the MIA changesp. 184
MIA local and other qualificationsp. 186
The Common NIA developmentsp. 187
Effects of the Common NIA changesp. 191
Special developmentsp. 192
Exceptions to the mainstream developmentsp. 195
Regional and language-specific innovationsp. 202
Conclusionsp. 210
Nominal forms and categoriesp. 212
Introduction: "forms and categories" vs. "morphology"p. 212
Genderp. 217
Numberp. 223
Casep. 230
Definitenessp. 248
Adjectivesp. 250
Pronounsp. 251
Verbal forms and categoriesp. 257
Introduction: the basic NIA systemp. 257
Concordp. 259
Aspectp. 262
Tense/moodp. 279
Finite verb paradigms of the principal NIA languagesp. 291
Verb stem I: valence and voicep. 315
Non-finite formsp. 321
Verb stem II: Aktionsart and the compound verbp. 327
Syntaxp. 331
Introductionp. 331
The simple sentence: preliminariesp. 332
Word orderp. 332
The nominal sentencep. 336
The problem of Subject in NIAp. 339
Ergative and quasi-ergative constructionsp. 341
The Dative Subject constructionp. 346
The Passive Agentp. 356
Other candidates for subjecthoodp. 358
Summaryp. 362
Object in NIAp. 364
The Noun Phrasep. 369
The Adjective Phrasep. 373
The Verb Phrasep. 373
Modifications of the simple sentencep. 387
Question formationp. 387
Negationp. 389
Displacementp. 394
Deletionp. 396
Coordinate structures and the "conjunctive participle"p. 397
Complex sentencesp. 401
Preliminariesp. 401
Nominal clausesp. 402
Adjectival clausesp. 408
Adverbial clausesp. 415
Conditional constructionsp. 418
Causative constructionsp. 419
Inventory of NIA languages and dialetcsp. 420
Schemes of NIA subclassificationp. 446
Notesp. 464
Bibliographyp. 480
Index of languagesp. 511
General indexp. 526
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521299442
ISBN-10: 0521299446
Series: Cambridge Language Surveys
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 560
Published: 8th November 1993
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.89