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The Imperial Origins of the King's Church in Early America 1607-1783 : Studies in Modern History - James Bell

The Imperial Origins of the King's Church in Early America 1607-1783

Studies in Modern History

By: James Bell, J. C. D. Clark (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 17th February 2004
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The experience of the King's church in early America was shaped by the unfolding imperial policies of the English government after 1675. London-based civil and ecclesiastical officials supervised the extension and development of the church overseas. The recruitment, appointment and financial support of the ministers were guided by London officials. Transplanted to the New World without the traditional hierarchical structure of the church - no bishop served in the colonies during the colonial period at the time of the American Revolution - it was neither an English-American nor American-English church, yet it modified in a distinctive manner. The volume provides a revisionist interpretation of the King's church as an instrument of imperial policy and an examination of: unfolding imperial policies of the Committee of Trade and Plantations that aided and supported the extension of the King's church overseas; the civil and ecclesiastical agencies and leaders that developed and implemented the policies for the development and supervision of the church in the American colonies; the financial support of the King's church in America; and the impact of the American Revolution on the King's church.

'It is evident that the book is the product of a great deal of research.' - Stephen Taylor, English Historical Review



'...the institutional overview and quantitative information make the book a useful addition to the literature on early American Religion.' - Travis Glasson, William and Mary Quarterly



'...an important resource, both in terms of its narrative and its immense bibliography, for the study of the Church of England in colonial North America.' - Edward L. Bond, The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History



'a welcome and worthy addition to the series...What sets this book apart...is a newly undertaken mining and marshaling of archival material both in the United Kingdom and the United States.' - Church History

List of Tables and Figuresp. x
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xx
Some Useful Datesp. xxiii
The Origins of Imperial Ecclesiastical Policiesp. 1
The National Church: a Servant of Imperial Interests, 1584-1660p. 3
Bishops and Statesmen: New Policies for an Imperial Churchp. 10
Royal Government, Royal Officials and the Churchp. 26
The Implementation of Imperial Policies by Civil and Church Officialsp. 41
The Royal Governors and Ecclesiastical Dutiesp. 43
Francis Nicholsonp. 47
Robert Hunter and Alexander Spotswoodp. 52
Benning and John Wentworthp. 53
The Commissaries: Deputies of the Bishop of Londonp. 58
Establishing the office in the coloniesp. 60
A profile of the commissariesp. 60
Commissarial dutiesp. 62
Commissarial courtsp. 65
Controversies with governorsp. 71
Clerical Incomes: Provincial Establishmentsp. 74
Provincial establishmentsp. 75
Virginiap. 75
Marylandp. 81
New Yorkp. 84
South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgiap. 85
A Financial Lifeline from London: the Society for the Propagation of the Gospelp. 90
Congregational supportp. 93
English livings, inheritance, and marriagep. 95
Supplemental feesp. 96
Comparative salaries: Massachusetts clergymenp. 99
Comparative salaries: civil servants, schoolmasters, and lawyersp. 102
Summaryp. 103
The American Experience Transforms the King's Churchp. 105
Conventions of the Clergyp. 107
Anglican clergy conventionsp. 110
The work of conventionsp. 114
Charitable programs for widows and orphansp. 120
Local Parish Governance: the Americanization of the English Vestryp. 125
The Making of an Eighteenth-Century American Anglican Clergymanp. 142
Collegiate educationp. 147
Post-collegiate preparation for the ministryp. 150
The transatlantic crossingp. 157
England and ordinationp. 158
The consequences of independencep. 164
New England Critics of Imperial Church Policyp. 166
Summaryp. 184
Consequences of the Declaration of Independence and the Revolutionary Warp. 187
The King's Church: a Casualty of the Declaration of Independence and the Revolutionary Warp. 189
Taking measure of the church in 1775: the national origins of the ministersp. 192
The number of primary and secondary churchesp. 198
The ministers as casualties of the Independence movement and Warp. 200
Epiloguep. 203
Colonial American governors who were members of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospelp. 210
Commissaries of the Bishops of London in Americap. 211
Summary of S.P.G. financial aid to colonial clergymenp. 212
Notesp. 220
Bibliographyp. 265
Indexp. 293
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781403932198
ISBN-10: 1403932190
Series: Studies in Modern History
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 298
Published: 17th February 2004
Publisher: Palgrave USA
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.26
Weight (kg): 0.56
Edition Number: 1