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The Human Bone Manual - Tim D. White

Paperback Published: 29th September 2005
ISBN: 9780120884674
Number Of Pages: 488

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Building on the success of their previous book, White and Folkens' The Human Bone Manual is intended for use outisde the laboratory and classroom, by professional forensic scientists, anthropologists and researchers. The compact volume includes all the key information needed for identification purposes, including hundreds of photographs designed to show a maximum amount of anatomical information.
* Features more than 500 color photographs and illustrations in a portable format; most in 1:1 ratio
* Provides multiple views of every bone in the human body
* Includes tips on identifying any human bone or tooth
* Incorporates up-to-date references for further study

Industry Reviews

"Tim White and Pieter Folkens's The Human Bone Manual is a terrific addition to the tool kit of osteologists and archaeologists. The book-concise, tightly written, and rich in photographic detail-will be the standard human identification reference for generations to come. Every field project or lab that deals with skeletal remains, ancient or modern, will depend on it." - Clark Spencer Larsen, Distinguished Professor of Social and Behavioral Sciences, The Ohio State University "As a human osteology manual, this book is an excellent resource for archaeologists, palaeontologists and forensic anthropologists. It is a thoroughly written, well illustrated and can be highly recommended." - Francis Thackeray, Transvaal Museum, Pretoria South Africa "This volume is a compact form of previously highly successful editions of Human Osteology by these same authors. In its newest form it is somewhat abbreviated, but is nevertheless an extraordinarily accurate and complete guide to all of the fundamentals of osteoanthropology. The illustrations retain their same vivid three dimensional quality as in previous editions, and the accuracy and thorough review of all major methods (aging, sexing, excavation, laboratory care, etc.) have been retained. It is the perfect companion text and manual for any undergraduate or graduate human osteology course, and is equally highly recommended as well to students of medicine, dentistry, physical therapy, chiropractic, etc., simply because it presents such clear and instructive presentations of fundamental human anatomy. It is, quite simply, the best human anatomy manual currently available." - C. Owen Lovejoy, Kent State University

Preface
Introductionp. 1
Human Osteologyp. 1
A Guide to the Manualp. 2
Resources for the Osteologistp. 5
Identifying Bonesp. 5
Field Procedures for Skeletal Remainsp. 7
Searchp. 8
Discoveryp. 8
Excavation and Retrievalp. 9
Transportp. 20
Ethics in Osteologyp. 21
Ethics in Forensic Osteologyp. 21
Boundaries of Evidencep. 22
The Expert Witnessp. 23
Ethics in Archeological Osteologyp. 24
Ethics in Collisionp. 25
NAGPRA and Its Effectsp. 28
The Futurep. 28
Bone Biology & Variationp. 31
Variationp. 31
A Few Facts about Bonep. 33
Bones as Elements of the Musculoskeletal Systemp. 33
Gross Anatomy of Bonesp. 40
Molecular Structure of Bonep. 42
Histology and Metabolism of Bonep. 42
Bone Growthp. 46
Bone Repairp. 48
Postmortem Skeletal Modificationp. 49
Bone Fracturep. 50
Bone Modification by Physical Agentsp. 52
Chemistryp. 52
Rock, Earth, and Icep. 54
Abrasionp. 54
Firep. 54
Bone Modification by Nonhuman Biological Agentsp. 55
Nonhuman Animalp. 55
Plantp. 57
Bone Modification by Humansp. 57
Cut marks, Chop marks, and Scrape marksp. 60
Percussion Marksp. 62
Projectilesp. 62
Anatomical Terminologyp. 67
Planes of Referencep. 67
Directional Termsp. 68
Generalp. 68
Teethp. 69
Hands and Feetp. 69
Motions of the Bodyp. 69
Generalp. 71
Hands and Feetp. 72
General Bone Featuresp. 72
Projections and Partsp. 73
Depressionsp. 74
Skullp. 75
Handling the Skullp. 75
Elements of the Skullp. 77
Growth and Architecture, Sutures and Sinusesp. 84
Skull Orientationp. 86
Learning Cranial Skeletal Anatomyp. 87
Frontalp. 87
Anatomyp. 87
Growthp. 91
Possible Confusionp. 91
Sidingp. 91
Parietalsp. 92
Anatomyp. 92
Growthp. 94
Possible Confusionp. 94
Sidingp. 94
Temporalsp. 95
Anatomyp. 95
Growthp. 98
Possible Confusionp. 99
Sidingp. 99
Auditory Ossiclesp. 100
Occipitalp. 100
Anatomyp. 100
Growthp. 103
Possible Confusionp. 104
Sidingp. 104
Maxillaep. 104
Anatomyp. 104
Growthp. 106
Possible Confusionp. 107
Sidingp. 107
Palatinesp. 107
Anatomyp. 107
Growthp. 109
Possible Confusionp. 109
Sidingp. 109
Vomerp. 109
Anatomyp. 109
Growthp. 110
Possible Confusionp. 110
Sidingp. 110
Inferior Nasal Conchaep. 111
Anatomyp. 111
Growthp. 111
Possible Confusionp. 111
Sidingp. 111
Ethmoidp. 112
Anatomyp. 112
Growthp. 113
Possible Confusionp. 113
Sidingp. 113
Lacrimalsp. 113
Anatomyp. 113
Growthp. 114
Possible Confusionp. 114
Sidingp. 114
Nasalsp. 114
Anatomyp. 114
Growthp. 115
Possible Confusionp. 115
Sidingp. 115
Zygomaticsp. 115
Anatomyp. 115
Growthp. 116
Possible Confusionp. 116
Sidingp. 116
Sphenoidp. 117
Anatomyp. 117
Growthp. 121
Possible Confusionp. 121
Sidingp. 121
Mandiblep. 122
Anatomyp. 122
Growthp. 126
Possible Confusionp. 126
Sidingp. 126
Dentitionp. 127
Dental Form and Functionp. 127
Dental Terminologyp. 128
Anatomy of a Toothp. 130
Tooth Identificationp. 131
To Which Category (Class) Does the Tooth Belong?p. 134
Incisorsp. 134
Caninesp. 134
Premolarsp. 136
Molarsp. 136
Is the Tooth Permanent or Deciduous?p. 136
Diagnostic Criteriap. 136
Special Casesp. 136
Is the Tooth an Upper or a Lower?p. 138
Upper versus Lower Incisorsp. 139
Upper versus Lower Caninesp. 139
Upper versus Lower Premolarsp. 140
Upper versus Lower Molarsp. 141
Where in the Arch Is the Tooth Located?p. 142
Upper Incisors: I[superscript 1] versus I[superscript 2]p. 142
Lower Incisors: I[subscript 1] versus I[subscript 2]p. 142
Upper Premolars: P[superscript 3] versus P[superscript 4]p. 144
Lower Premolars: P[subscript 3] versus P[subscript 4]p. 144
Upper Molars: M[superscript 1] versus M[superscript 2] versus M[superscript 3]p. 146
Lower Molars: M[subscript 1] versus M[subscript 2] versus M[subscript 3]p. 147
Is the Tooth from the Right or the Left Side?p. 148
Upper Incisorsp. 148
Lower Incisorsp. 148
Upper Caninesp. 148
Lower Caninesp. 149
Upper Premolarsp. 149
Lower Premolarsp. 150
Upper Molarsp. 152
Lower Molarsp. 152
Hyoid & Vertebraep. 155
Hyoidp. 155
Anatomyp. 155
Growthp. 156
Possible Confusionp. 156
Sidingp. 156
General Characteristics of Vertebraep. 156
Anatomyp. 157
Growthp. 162
Cervical Vertebraep. 163
Identificationp. 163
Special Cervical Vertebraep. 163
Sidingp. 169
Thoracic Vertebraep. 170
Identificationp. 170
Special Thoracic Vertebraep. 170
Sidingp. 176
Lumbar Vertebraep. 176
Identificationp. 176
Identifying Lumbar Positionp. 180
Sidingp. 180
Thorax: Sternum & Ribsp. 181
Sternump. 181
Anatomyp. 181
Growthp. 184
Possible Confusionp. 184
Sidingp. 185
Ribsp. 185
Anatomyp. 185
Special Ribsp. 187
Growthp. 187
Possible Confusionp. 187
Sidingp. 192
Shoulder Girdle: Clavicle & Scapulap. 193
Claviclep. 193
Anatomyp. 193
Growthp. 195
Possible Confusionp. 195
Sidingp. 195
Scapulap. 195
Anatomyp. 195
Growthp. 201
Possible Confusionp. 201
Sidingp. 202
Arm: Humerus, Radius, & Ulnap. 203
Humerusp. 208
Anatomyp. 208
Growthp. 212
Possible Confusionp. 214
Sidingp. 214
Radiusp. 214
Anatomyp. 214
Growthp. 215
Possible Confusionp. 215
Sidingp. 216
Ulnap. 219
Anatomyp. 219
Growthp. 220
Possible Confusionp. 220
Sidingp. 222
Hand: Carpals, Metacarpals, & Phalangesp. 225
Carpalsp. 228
Scaphoidp. 229
Lunatep. 229
Triquetralp. 230
Pisiformp. 230
Trapezium (Greater Multangular)p. 231
Trapezoid (Lesser Multangular)p. 231
Capitatep. 232
Hamatep. 232
Growthp. 233
Possible Confusionp. 233
Metacarpalsp. 233
First Metacarpal (Thumb)p. 236
Second Metacarpalp. 236
Third Metacarpalp. 236
Fourth Metacarpalp. 236
Fifth Metacarpalp. 238
Growthp. 238
Possible Confusionp. 239
Sidingp. 239
Hand Phalangesp. 239
Proximal Hand Phalangesp. 240
Intermediate Hand Phalangesp. 240
Distal Hand Phalangesp. 240
Growthp. 240
Possible Confusionp. 240
Sidingp. 240
Pelvic Girdle: Sacrum, Coccyx, & Os Coxaep. 241
Sacrump. 241
Anatomyp. 241
Growthp. 244
Possible Confusionp. 244
Sidingp. 245
Coccyxp. 245
Os Coxaep. 246
Anatomyp. 246
Growthp. 252
Possible Confusionp. 252
Sidingp. 252
Leg: Femur, Patella, Tibia, & Fibulap. 255
Femurp. 255
Anatomyp. 255
Growthp. 267
Possible Confusionp. 267
Sidingp. 267
Patellap. 270
Anatomyp. 270
Growthp. 270
Possible Confusionp. 270
Sidingp. 271
Tibiap. 271
Anatomyp. 271
Growthp. 279
Possible Confusionp. 279
Sidingp. 279
Fibulap. 280
Anatomyp. 280
Growthp. 281
Possible Confusionp. 281
Sidingp. 281
Foot: Tarsals, Metatarsals, & Phalangesp. 287
Tarsalsp. 292
Talusp. 292
Calcaneusp. 294
Cuboidp. 296
Navicularp. 297
Medial (First) Cuneiformp. 298
Intermediate (Second) Cuneiformp. 298
Lateral (Third) Cuneiformp. 298
Growthp. 300
Possible Confusionp. 300
Metatarsalsp. 300
First Metatarsalp. 300
Second Metatarsalp. 305
Third Metatarsalp. 305
Fourth Metatarsalp. 305
Fifth Metatarsalp. 305
Growthp. 306
Possible Confusionp. 306
Sidingp. 306
Foot Phalangesp. 306
Proximal Foot Phalangesp. 306
Intermediate Foot Phalangesp. 306
Distal Foot Phalangesp. 306
Growthp. 307
Possible Confusionp. 307
Sidingp. 308
Osteological & Dental Pathologyp. 309
Traumap. 312
Fracturep. 312
Dislocationp. 314
Artificial Deformationp. 314
Trephination and Amputationp. 315
Infectious Diseases and Associated Manifestationsp. 317
Osteomyelitisp. 318
Periostitisp. 318
Tuberculosisp. 318
Treponemal Infectionsp. 320
Circulatory Disturbances and Hematopoietic Disordersp. 320
Metabolic and Hormonal Imbalancep. 323
Scurvyp. 323
Ricketsp. 323
Osteoporosisp. 323
Endocrine Disturbances and Dysplasiasp. 324
Tumorsp. 325
Arthritisp. 325
Osteoarthritisp. 325
Rheumatoid Arthritisp. 327
Ankylosing Spondylitisp. 328
Dental Pathologyp. 328
Cariesp. 329
Dental Hypoplasiap. 329
Periodontal Diseasep. 330
Dental Calculusp. 330
Artificial Dental Modificationp. 331
Occupationp. 331
Laboratory Procedures & Reportingp. 333
Settingp. 333
Preservationp. 334
Preparationp. 335
Restorationp. 338
Sortingp. 339
Metric Acquisition and Analysisp. 340
Molecular Osteologyp. 344
Samplingp. 345
DNA and PCRp. 346
Contaminationp. 347
Taphonomy of DNAp. 347
Molding and Castingp. 348
Photographyp. 348
Equipmentp. 349
Exposure and Film (or other recording media)p. 350
Lighting and Setupp. 351
Legal Considerationsp. 352
Radiographyp. 353
Microscopyp. 353
Computingp. 354
Reportingp. 355
Curationp. 358
The Skeletal Biology of Individuals & Populations
Accuracy and Precision of Estimationp. 360
From Known to Unknownp. 362
Estimation of Agep. 363
Estimating Subadult Age from Dentitionp. 364
Estimating Adult Age from Dentitionp. 365
Estimating Adult Age from Cranial Suture Closurep. 369
Estimating Subadult Age from Long-Bone Lengthp. 373
Estimating Subadult Age from Epiphyseal Closurep. 373
Estimating Adult Age from the Pubic Symphysis Surfacep. 374
Parturition Changes at the Pubic Symphysisp. 380
Estimating Adult Age from the Auricular Surface of the Iliump. 380
Estimating Adult Age from the Sternal Rib Endp. 381
Estimating Adult Age by Radiographic Analysisp. 381
Estimating Adult Age from Bone Microstructurep. 381
Multifactorial Age Estimationp. 384
Determination of Sexp. 385
Sexing the Skull and Dentitionp. 386
Sexing the Postcranial Skeletonp. 387
Estimation of Staturep. 398
Estimation of Ancestryp. 400
Identifying the Individualp. 404
Discrete Traitsp. 406
Dental Nonmetric Variationp. 407
Cranial Nonmetric Variationp. 407
Postcranial Nonmetric Variationp. 410
Estimating Biological Distancep. 410
Dietp. 411
Disease and Demographyp. 414
Glossaryp. 419
Web Reviewp. 427
Bibliographyp. 429
Indexp. 453
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780120884674
ISBN-10: 0120884674
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 488
Published: 29th September 2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 15.5  x 2.1
Weight (kg): 0.64

Earn 85 Qantas Points
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