A distinctive feature of the conflict in Northern Ireland over the past forty years has been the way Catholic and Protestant paramilitaries have policed their own communities. This has mainly involved the violent punishment of petty criminals involved in joyriding and other types of antisocial behavior. Between 1973 and 2007, more than 5,000 nonmilitary shootings and assaults were attributed to paramilitaries punishing their own people. But despite the risk of severe punishment, young petty offenders--known locally as "hoods"--continue to offend, creating a puzzle for the rational theory of criminal deterrence. Why do hoods behave in ways that invite violent punishment?
In "The Hoods," Heather Hamill explains why this informal system of policing and punishment developed and endured and why such harsh punishments as beatings, "kneecappings," and exile have not stopped hoods from offending. Drawing on a variety of sources, including interviews with perpetrators and victims of this violence, the book argues that the hoods' risky offending may amount to a game in which hoods gain prestige by displaying hard-to-fake signals of toughness to each other. Violent physical punishment feeds into this signaling game, increasing the hoods' status by proving that they have committed serious offenses and can "manfully" take punishment yet remained undeterred. A rare combination of frontline research and pioneering ideas, "The Hoods" has important implications for our fundamental understanding of crime and punishment.
Winner of the 2012 James S. Donnelly, Sr. Prize for Books on History and the Social Sciences, American Conference for Irish Studies "The Hoods is a very readable book that will be of great interest to all who have worked in the criminal justice system in any capacity but particularly those who have worked with young offenders. The author's skill both in eliciting the views of young people and in presenting those views in a fair and accessible way allow the book to reach out to a wider readership beyond Northern Ireland."--Brian Stout, Policing
Acknowledgments ixIntroduction 1Chapter One: West Belfast 17Chapter Two: The Hoods 51Chapter Three: Search for Status 81Chapter Four: Signaling Games 105Chapter Five: Loyalists 127Conclusion 143Notes 149Glossary of Terms 167Bibliography 171Index 185
Number Of Pages: 200
Published: 14th November 2010
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 16.6
Weight (kg): 0.45