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The Grail Legend in Modern Literature : Athurian Studies - John B. Marino

The Grail Legend in Modern Literature

Athurian Studies

Hardcover Published: 14th October 2004
ISBN: 9781843840220
Number Of Pages: 188

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This study shows how modern (including postmodern) adaptations of the Grail legend correspond to trends in the scholarly community and how the legend has been appropriated by competing world-views. There are three parallel trends in Grail scholarship and modern adaptations of the legend: controversy over Christian or pagan origins, secularization by way of humanism, and esoteric mysticism. These three trends reflect movements in popular culture. Relativism and multiculturalism influence Christian--pagan cultural conflict in the adaptations. Mythographers maintain the legend's appeal in a humanist culture by considering the Grail metaphor rather than material actuality; modern adaptations then transform the Grail from a particularly Christian symbol to one with universal application in an increasingly secular society. Modern esoteric spiritualities allow the Grail actuality with flexible meaning. This study, then, demonstrates how the Grail legend is transformed and adapted from medieval to modern cultures and continues to evolve today. JOHN B. MARINO is adjunct instructor, Maryville University and Saint Louis University.

Industry Reviews

Approaches the Grail legend and its treatment in modern scholarship and fiction in an admirably lucid way. ENGLISH STUDIES A very useful book indeed. ENGLISH A comprehensive and enlightening study. MLR Original and often persuasive. Marino gives a clear account of the medieval texts and outlines the controversies surrounding the origins of the Grail. TLS A very good trawl through British and American grail texts... that successfully charts how fashions in interpreting the enigma of the grail have changed over two centuries. PENDRAGON Constructs a careful dialogue between scholarly studies and literary fiction, thereby providing his reader with a comprehensive introduction to modern Grail texts. MEDIEVAL REVIEW

Introduction : popular culture and Grail scholarshipp. 1
The medieval textsp. 15
Chretien de Troyes's Percevalp. 15
The Welsh Peredurp. 16
Wolfram von Eschenbach's Parzivalp. 17
Robert de Boron's Joseph d'Arimathiep. 18
The French Vulgate Cycle Estoire del Saint Graalp. 19
The Didot Percevalp. 20
The continuations of Chretien's Percevalp. 20
Perlesvausp. 20
The French Vulgate Cycle Queste del Saint Graalp. 21
Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte D'Arthurp. 22
Christian vs. Pagan : origins and culture warsp. 28
The Celtic Pagan origin theoriesp. 36
The Christian origin theoriesp. 42
The mystery cult fertility ritual theoriesp. 44
The influence of the Celtic Pagan and mystery cult fertility ritual origin theories on modern British and American Arthurian fictionp. 47
The Christian Grail in modern British and American Arthurian fictionp. 65
The origin controversy and cultural conflict in modern British and American Grail fictionp. 68
Modern syncretism and the Grailp. 74
Battle for the Grail : whose legend is it anyway?p. 79
Humanism and the Grail legend : from skepticism to metaphorp. 82
Tennyson, White and following writers' humanist views of the Grailp. 84
Skepticism regarding the Grail visionsp. 96
Psychologizing the Grailp. 99
Mythologizing the Grail and making it metaphorp. 103
Grail quest as metaphor in twentieth-century British and American Arthurianap. 107
Esoteric mysticism : actualization of a Grail redefinedp. 117
The power of Glastonbury and the reality of the Grailp. 118
Esoteric knowledge and the mystery cult of the Grailp. 122
Secret societies and conspiraciesp. 136
Alternative spirituality, self-realization and a grail for the new agep. 142
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781843840220
ISBN-10: 1843840227
Series: Athurian Studies
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 188
Published: 14th October 2004
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 16.51  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.42