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The Genealogy of Disjunction - R. E. Jennings

The Genealogy of Disjunction

Hardcover

Published: 10th November 1994
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This is a comprehensive study of the English word or, and the logical operators variously proposed to present its meaning. Although there are indisputably disjunctive uses of or in English, it is a mistake to suppose that logical disjunction represents its core meaning. Or is descended from the Anglo-Saxon word meaning second, a form which survives in such expressions as "every other day." Its disjunctive uses arise through metalinguistic applications of an intermediate adverbial meaning which is conjunctive rather than disjunctive in character. These conjunctive uses have puzzled philosophers and logicians, and have been discussed extensively under such headings as "free choice permission." This study examines the textbook myths that have clouded our understanding of how or and other "logical" vocabulary comes to have something approaching its logical meaning in natural languages. It considers the various historical conceptions of disjunction and its place in logic from the Stoics to the present day.

The Story of 'Or'
Introductionp. 3
Preliminariesp. 3
Introduction to 'Or'p. 20
What Does Disjunction do?p. 27
The Puzzle according to Russellp. 27
Grice's Gop. 29
Antecedents of Russell's Formulationp. 32
Logic, Language, and Historyp. 40
The First Myth of 'Or'p. 43
Modern Sourcesp. 43
The Sign of the Beastp. 53
An Historical Interlude: Boole's Rulep. 70
The Puzzle about 'Or'p. 84
Conjunctive 'Or'p. 84
Attempted Solutionsp. 89
The Larger Picturep. 107
Logic and Punctuationp. 114
Natural Logicsp. 114
Natural Deontic Logicp. 116
Unnaturalness Elsewherep. 128
The Punctuationist Accountp. 138
Arrogative 'Or'p. 148
Orphan 'Any'
General Noun Phrasesp. 161
'Or' and Quantificationp. 161
Some Modern Sourcesp. 173
Experimentsp. 183
Is 'Any' a Quantifier?p. 189
Form and Meaningp. 195
Scope and Formp. 195
Form and Meaningp. 205
Heteronomy and Discontinuous Syntaxp. 212
'Or' in Opaque Contextsp. 218
Undistributive Or-listsp. 218
The Propositional Gloss on Opacityp. 229
Funny Velentine
The Second Myth of 'Or'p. 239
Modern Sourcesp. 239
Aut, Damned Myth!p. 240
Heredipetyp. 246
Stoic Disjunctionp. 252
What Stoic Disjunction Was Notp. 252
What the Languages Can Tell Usp. 260
What Stoic Disjunction May Have Beenp. 273
The Adverbial 'Or'p. 276
A Pragmatic Approachp. 276
'Or' as Adverbp. 288
Conclusionsp. 304
The Evidence of Empirical Researchp. 317
Bibliographyp. 324
Index of Namesp. 338
Index of Subjectsp. 342
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195075243
ISBN-10: 0195075242
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 356
Published: 10th November 1994
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 16.2  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.71