This is the first full scholarly history of the French Foreign Ministry - the Quai d'Orsay - in the years between the Fashoda Crisis and the First World War. In this intensively researched study, M. B. Hayne examines the bureaucratic machinery of the Quai d'Orsay, its policies, and its personnel. He explores the ideas and influence of leading diplomats and administrators, their prejudices, and their aims; and traces the often complex relationships between successive Foreign Ministers and the functionaries of the Quai d'Orsay. Dr Hayne's analysis throws much light on French policy and actions during the July Crisis, and makes a significant contribution to the debate over the origins of the First World War.
`splendid study ...This is an engrossing study of the minds and relationships of a foreign policy elite.'
Journal of Military History, Vol 57 No 4, October 1993
'thorough and meticulously researched monograph ... Dr Hayne draws upon an impressive array of public and private archival sources and relates in great detail the history of the Quai d'Orsay and its agents between 1898 and 1914 ... a challenging thesis. It is also a timely reminder of the importance of diplomats and the machinery of diplomacy in deciding the destinies of nations.'
Keith A. Hamilton, Diplomacy & Statecraft, Vol. 5, No. 2, July '94
'Making extensive use of unpublished material in the Quai d'Orsay and elsewhere, in particular private papers of officials and diplomats and career dossiers, Hayne illuminates important issues ... Hayne has made better use of recently available French sources than French historians themselves, and deserves considerable credit for this volume.'
F.V. Parsons, University of Glasgow, The International History Review, XVI, 4: November 1994
`It is based on an impressive examination of French and some British private papers...Hayne's book is a kind micro-"bureaucratic politics" approach....Hayne's work is a veritable encyclopedia of personalities in the Quai d'Orsay before the First World. It will be of use to historians of French foreign policy before and after 1914, because apart from personalities, Hayne's work recalls the continuity in French diplomacy before and after the First World
Canadian Journal of History
Abbreviations; Introduction; The foreign ministry at the end of the nineteenth century: Its history, structure, and practice; The Quai d'orsay and external influences 1898-1914; Delcassé and the Centrale 1898-1904; Delcassé and the ambassadorial elite 1898-1904; Foreign policy under Delcassé 1898-1904; The first Moroccan crisis 1904-1906; The 1907 reforms; Pichon's first ministry 1906-1909; Internal disarray and external crisis: The Quai
d'Orsay and the second Moroccan crisis 1904-1911; Poincaré, Pichon, and Doumergue at the Quai d'Orsay 1912-1914; The Quai d'Orsay and the July crisis of 1914; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.