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The Fractured Marketplace for Standardized Testing : EVALUATION IN EDUCATION AND HUMAN SERVICES - Walter M. Haney

The Fractured Marketplace for Standardized Testing

EVALUATION IN EDUCATION AND HUMAN SERVICES

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Published: 31st May 1993
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Standardized testing in the United States has been increasing at a rapid pace in the last twenty-five years. The market for tests has not only been expanding rapidly, but has also been changing sharply in structure into a fractured marketplace. Indeed, one of the main features of this book is that the market for standardized testing is highly fractured - with segments of the market facing monopoly conditions, others facing oligopoly conditions and still others where near free-market conditions exist.
One of the main premises of the book is that the structures of markets have strong implications for how those markets perform. While this notion is widely accepted among economists, it is not widely appreciated in educational research. A second motivation for the book is that very little scholarly attention has been focused on the standardized testing industry. This topic - the structure of the testing industry and implications for the quality of tests and test use - affects how we evaluate the learning of students, the effectiveness of teaching, the quality of schools and the educational health of the nation. Of particular concern to the authors is one vital aspect of test quality: test validity.
This book is the most current and authoritative review and analysis of the market for standardized testing.

Preface
Introductionp. 1
The Testing Industryp. 7
The Major Companiesp. 11
The Medium-Sized Companiesp. 27
Small Publishersp. 36
The Secondary Industryp. 37
Military Testingp. 40
Other Playersp. 47
The Fractured Marketp. 52
The Extent of the Marketplace for Testsp. 57
Direct Indicators of Growth in Educational Testingp. 59
Indirect Indicators of Growth in Educational Testingp. 66
The Extent of Standardized Testing in the Employment Sectorp. 79
The Expanding Marketplace for Testingp. 92
Social Investment in Educational Testingp. 93
Costs and Benefits: What Are We Talking About?p. 96
The Cost Structure of Educational Testingp. 98
An Estimated Testing Cost Functionp. 109
Comparing Costs and Benefits at the Marginp. 119
The Benefits of Testingp. 120
Forces Behind the Testing Marketplacep. 125
Dissatisfaction and Reformp. 126
Legislationp. 133
The Focus on Outcomes of Schoolingp. 149
Bureaucratization of Educationp. 152
New Forcesp. 155
Spin-Offs from the Testing Industryp. 159
The Computer Connectionp. 159
Test Preparation and Coachingp. 174
Honesty Testingp. 184
Test Quality and the Fractured Marketplace for Testingp. 189
Quality in Testingp. 189
The Lake Wobegon Phenomenonp. 190
The Marketing of Tests and Related Servicesp. 193
The RFP Processp. 204
Computer-Based Test Interpretationp. 216
Test Preparation and Coachingp. 221
Minor Mold or Major Blight?p. 230
Mending the Fractured Marketplacep. 247
Fractures in the Testing Marketplacep. 247
Recent Proposals for New National Testsp. 255
Strategies for Mending the Fractured Marketplacep. 271
Conclusionp. 292
Referencesp. 295
App. 1 Estimation of Number of Students Tested in State-Mandated Testing Programsp. 319
App. 2 Consumer Price Index Adjustments for Inflationp. 325
App. 3 Calculation of Standardized Growth Expectations (SGEs)p. 327
Indexp. 331
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792393382
ISBN-10: 0792393384
Series: EVALUATION IN EDUCATION AND HUMAN SERVICES
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 347
Published: 31st May 1993
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.68