The American Revolution swept away old certainties and forced revolutionaries to consider what it meant to be American. Andrew Trees examines four attempts to answer the question of national identity that Americans faced in the wake of the Revolution. Through the writings of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, Trees explores a complicated political world in which boundaries between the personal and the political were fluid and ill-defined. Melding history and literary study, he shows how this unsettled landscape challenged and sometimes confounded the founders' attempts to forge their own--and the nation's--identity.
Trees traces the intimately linked shaping of self and country by four men distrustful of politics and yet operating in an increasingly democratic world. Jefferson sought to recast the political along the lines of friendship, while Hamilton hoped that honor would provide a secure foundation for self and country. Adams struggled to create a nation virtuous enough to sustain a republican government, and Madison worked to establish a government based on justice.
Giving a new context to the founders' mission, Trees studies their contributions not simply as policy prescriptions but in terms of a more elusive and symbolic level of action. His work illuminates the tangled relationship among rhetoric, politics, self, and nation--as well as the larger question of national identity that remains with us today.
"A wonderful blend of history and literary studies.... It is impossible for me to describe adequately the elegance with which Trees has written this work.... [I]ts chief contribution is to enhance our understanding of the politics and political thought of the 1790s." - Jan Ellen Lewis, Rutgers University, Newark "This is an immensely impressive book of unusual range and balance. Trees is as much at home dealing with the private sphere and the public, as with the personal realm and the political." - Michael Zuckerman, University of Pennsylvania"
List of Illustrations ixPreface xiAcknowledgments xvIntroduction 1Chapter One: Friendship 13Chapter Two: Honor 45Chapter Three: Virtue 75Chapter Four: Justice 107Conclusion: Veneration 135Notes 147Index 205