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The Formation of American Local Governments : Private Values in Public Institutions - Nancy Burns

The Formation of American Local Governments

Private Values in Public Institutions

Paperback

Published: 1st August 1994
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Why have Americans created thousands of new local governments in recent years, a rate much higher than population increases demand? Conflicts over local power--the power to tax, to issue bonds, and to provide services--have produced solutions that are often as ruthless as they are resourceful.
The first text to illustrate the impact of creating new local governments, this compelling study provides an illuminating examination of the nature of local politics today. Skillfully combining case studies, institutional history, and quantitative analyses, Nancy Burns argues that economic interests, states, the federal government, and inventive individuals have changed the parameters of local institutions, thereby changing local politics. Rather than working for change within the existing system, countless groups have created new municipalities and "special districts," local governments that serve private interests more than the public good. Businesses and developers, who tend to initiate and dominate the process, often serve as organizational bases to help allied groups--such as wealthy homeowners--achieve their goals. Because of the autonomy that local governments enjoy in the U.S., the formation of these new governments has had an impact on the quality of life for many Americans. New boundaries, created mostly along race and class lines, determine access to education, housing, and basic services, allowing the privilege of exclusion to accompany the privilege of municipal management. Revealing the place of local institutions in the larger political spectrum, this landmark work offers students of urban politics and political science a unique look at the structural features of American local politics.

"I wish I had known about this text before using my current one. It's excellent. Kudos to Nancy Burns--well done."--Donald Crumbley, Sr, Columbia College "[A] useful contribution to the urban politics literature...The presentation of the historical materials is novel and there is an interesting discussion of the effects of the 1965 Voting Rights Act on municipal incorporations. The book would be a useful text for an introductory course on local governmant..."--Journal of Regional Science "An outstanding piece of research!"--Eric Hozik, University of Nevada "Prof. Burns has obviously done her research--the bibliography is most impressive."--David Robinson, University of Houston "I've already used the book in manuscript form for the last two years in my graduate seminar on urban politics. It draws on a broad range of empirical evidence to make a significant theoretical contribution to our understanding of local government formation."--Gerald Gamm, University of Rochester "A very important study. Provides original insight about a major aspect of American urban politics that has been largely neglected by modern scholarship. The findings are interesting, the methodologies are appropriate and the theoretical implications are most stimulating. Will draw widespread attention from professionals, scholars, and students of local politics."--Paul Kantor, Fordham University "Burns's comprehensive review of the literature, creative use of case studies, and quantitative analysis combine to make a significant contribution to the field. Her work is important to the study of local government, political economy, and urban politics....Throughout, her scholarship is impressive. She has read widely and carefully, covering an awesome range of historical studies, case materials, and most of the relevant general and theoretical literature. Her use of these materials is often imaginative, particularly in the weaving together of the findings of a substantial number of case studies."--Michael N. Danielson, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University Listed in Abstracts of Public Administration, Development and Environment

1: Private Values, Public Institutions Special Districts and Cities The Significance of Creating Governments The Consequences of Institutional Choices The Logic of Local Government Formation Conclusion Appendix Special Districts Municipalities 2: Particulars of Politics The Character of Evidence Special Districts Municipalities Conclusion 3: Making Sense of the History Early U. S. Formations The Nineteenth Century The Emergence of Services Redefining Cities Early Twentieth Century Districts More Established Entrepreneurs Cities and Racial Division Conclusion 4: Elements of Collective Action Complicating the Argument Measurement The Sample and the Model Conclusion Appendix: Measurement and the Model 5: Creating Local Politics Services and Taxes Race Municipalities The Legal Structures of Supply Small Groups, Entrepreneurs, and the Enabling of Collective Action 6: The Meaning of Limits Empirical Results Implications Appendix A: Coefficient Estimates and Robust Standard Errors Appendix B: The Sample Bibliography

ISBN: 9780195090932
ISBN-10: 0195090934
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 208
Published: 1st August 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 1.22
Weight (kg): 0.26