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The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy : Reputations, Networks, and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928 - Daniel Carpenter

The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy

Reputations, Networks, and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928

Paperback Published: 9th September 2001
ISBN: 9780691070100
Number Of Pages: 504

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Until now political scientists have devoted little attention to the origins of American bureaucracy and the relationship between bureaucratic and interest group politics. In this pioneering book, Daniel Carpenter contributes to our understanding of institutions by presenting a unified study of bureaucratic autonomy in democratic regimes. He focuses on the emergence of bureaucratic policy innovation in the United States during the Progressive Era, asking why the Post Office Department and the Department of Agriculture became politically independent authors of new policy and why the Interior Department did not. To explain these developments, Carpenter offers a new theory of bureaucratic autonomy grounded in organization theory, rational choice models, and network concepts.

According to the author, bureaucracies with unique goals achieve autonomy when their middle-level officials establish reputations among diverse coalitions for effectively providing unique services. These coalitions enable agencies to resist political control and make it costly for politicians to ignore the agencies' ideas. Carpenter assesses his argument through a highly innovative combination of historical narratives, statistical analyses, counterfactuals, and carefully structured policy comparisons. Along the way, he reinterprets the rise of national food and drug regulation, Comstockery and the Progressive anti-vice movement, the emergence of American conservation policy, the ascent of the farm lobby, the creation of postal savings banks and free rural mail delivery, and even the congressional Cannon Revolt of 1910.

Winner of the Levine Memorial Book Prize Winner of the Gladys M. Kammerer Award "Carpenter's book is intellectually arresting--weaving quantitative and qualitative empiricism through an impressive array of theoretical propositions toward an attractive theory of bureaucratic autonomy in the administrative state ... [A]dmirably successful in adding to our narrative of the development of the American administrative state."--Anthony Bertelli, Public Administration Review

List of Illustrationsp. ix
List of Tablesp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Introductionp. 1
Entrepreneurship, Networked Legitimacy, and Autonomyp. 14
The Clerical State: Obstacles to Bureaucratic Autonomy in Nineteenth-Century Americap. 37
The Railway Mail, Comstockery, and the Waning of the Old Postal Regime, 1862-94p. 65
Organizational Renewal and Policy Innovation in the National Postal System, 1890-1910p. 94
The Triumph of the Moral Economy: Finance, Parcels, and the Labor Dilemma in the Post Office, 1908-24p. 144
Science in the Service of Seeds: The USDA, 1862-1900p. 179
From Seeds to Science: The USDA as University, 1897-1917p. 212
Multiple Networks and the Autonomy of Bureaus: Departures in Food, Pharmaceutical, and Forestry Policy, 1897-1913p. 255
Brokerage and Bureaucratic Policymaking: The Cementing of Autonomy at the USDA, 1914-28p. 290
Structure, Reputation, and the Bureaucratic Failure of Reclamation Policy, 1902-14p. 326
Conclusion: The Politics of Bureaucratic Autonomyp. 353
Notesp. 369
Archival Sourcesp. 459
Indexp. 465
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691070100
ISBN-10: 0691070105
Series: Princeton Studies in American Politics: Historical, International, and Comparative Perspectives
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 504
Published: 9th September 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.24  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.71