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The Fish People : Linguistic Exogamy and Tukanoan Identity in Northwest Amazonia - Jean E. Jackson

The Fish People

Linguistic Exogamy and Tukanoan Identity in Northwest Amazonia

Paperback

Published: 30th January 1984
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The Bara, or Fish People, of the Northwest Amazon form part of an unusual network of intermarrying local communities scattered along the rivers of this region. Each community belongs to one of sixteen different groups that speak sixteen different languages, and marriages must take place between people not only from different communities but with different primary languages. In a network of this sort, which defies the usual label of 'tribe', social identity assumes a distinct and unusual configuration. In this book, Jean Jackson's incisive discussions of Bara marriage, kinship, spatial organization, and other features of the social and geographic landscape show how Tukanoans (as participants in the network are collectively known) conceptualize and tie together their universe of widely scattered communities, and how an individual's identity emerges in terms of relations with others. As theoretically challenging as it is unique, the Tukanoan system bears on a wide range of issues of current anthropological concern, such as how to analyze open-ended regional systems in small-scale societies, ideal versus actual patterns of behaviour, identity as both structure and action, and indigenous use of multiple, even conflicting, models of social structure. Professor Jackson's thoughtful discussions also extend to broader social scientific issues concerning the relation of language to culture, the presence or absence of individualism in pre-state societies, the nature of ethnic boundaries, the interplay between observation of behaviour and its interpretation (on the part of both native and anthropologist), and the achievement of flexibility and self-interested goals while applying seemingly rigid social structural principles."

List of figures, maps, and tablesp. x
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xvi
Note on orthographyp. xviii
Purpose and organization of the bookp. 1
Social identityp. 2
Regional perspectivep. 5
Fluidityp. 8
Ideal and realp. 9
Final remarksp. 11
Introduction to the Central Northwest Amazonp. 13
Ecological settingp. 13
The populationp. 17
Language and linguisticsp. 19
Ethnic historyp. 21
Early explorer and missionary effortsp. 22
Early and recent ethnographic descriptionsp. 23
The Makup. 24
A note on acculturationp. 24
The longhousep. 26
The settingp. 26
The people of Pumanaka burop. 26
The longhouse structurep. 30
Outside the longhousep. 31
Inside the longhousep. 33
Significance of the longhousep. 36
Economic and political lifep. 39
Daily patternsp. 39
The riverp. 42
The forestp. 46
Cultivated foodsp. 50
Exchange in generalp. 59
Propertyp. 62
Leadershipp. 65
Vaupes social structurep. 69
The settlementp. 69
The sibp. 71
The language groupp. 77
The phratryp. 86
Regional integration and interaction between settlementsp. 96
Kinshipp. 105
Kinship terminologyp. 106
Expectations and behaviorp. 108
Specific kinship rolesp. 117
Marriagep. 124
Principles of marriagep. 125
Marriage behaviorp. 138
Conclusionsp. 147
Tukanoans and Makup. 148
Background to the Makup. 148
Tukanoan attitudes toward the Makup. 151
Interaction between Tukanoans and Makup. 154
Maku as symbol to Tukanoansp. 158
Conclusionsp. 161
The role of language and speech in Tukanoan identityp. 164
Vaupes language and speech as badges of identityp. 165
How Vaupes languages assume features of the nonlinguistic environmentp. 171
The importance of language in Tukanoan culturep. 177
Male and female identityp. 179
Relations between men and womenp. 181
Conclusionsp. 192
Tukanoans' place in the cosmosp. 195
Shamanismp. 195
Festivalsp. 202
The Tukanoan worldp. 204
Conclusionsp. 208
Tukanoans and the outside worldp. 211
Extractive industriesp. 215
Homesteadersp. 217
The Colombian governmentp. 217
Missionsp. 218
Mitup. 223
Conclusionsp. 224
Conclusions: themes in Tukanoan social identityp. 227
Types of comparisonsp. 227
Themes associated with social identityp. 231
A note on types of evidencep. 239
Notesp. 243
Glossaryp. 256
Referencesp. 259
Indexp. 273
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521278225
ISBN-10: 0521278228
Series: Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: 30th January 1984
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 1.8
Weight (kg): 0.46