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The First America : The Spanish Monarchy, Creole Patriots and the Liberal State 1492-1866 - D. A. Brading

The First America

The Spanish Monarchy, Creole Patriots and the Liberal State 1492-1866

Paperback

Published: 27th December 1993
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The Spanish conquest of America generated a profusion of chronicles, tracts and poetry, among which are figured several classics of the Renaissance. It also provoked a fierce debate between Bartolome de las Casas, who defended the Indians, and the humanist historians who glorified the conquerors. Thereafter, imperial jurists and churchmen acclaimed the Spanish monarchy as chosen by Divine Providence to establish a Catholic empire in the New World. Within the bounds of this universal monarchy, American Spaniards sought to define their social identity by installing Aztec and Inca civilisation as the historical foundations of their countries and by accepting Our Lady of Guadalupe and St Rosa of Lima as their patrons. When the voice of the Enlightenment re-stated the imperial critique of the New World's inhabitants, Creole patriots vigorously responded; and if in South America Simon Bolivar cited classical republicanism to justify independence, in Mexico Creole patriotism was transmuted into an insurgent nationalism that did not succumb to liberal ideas until the incursion of the reform movement led by Benito Juarez. This book is about the quest of Spaniards born in the New World to define their American identity. It demonstrates that across the three centuries of colonial rule, Creole patriots succeeded in creating an intellectual and political tradition that by reason of its engagement with native history and American reality was idiosyncratic, regionally diverse, and distinct from any European model.

'Such a short summary of a book elaborating over nearly 700 pages of finely printed text cannot hope to do it justice. Brading offers a study of impressive scope, rich content and suggestive argument, filled with incisive essays on all the major thinkers and commentators on colonial Spanish America ... it is a major addition to the historiography of the Hispanic world and will undoubtedly become a standard work of reference for anybody interested in the foundations of Hispanic American intellectual life.' Times Higher Education Supplement 'Brading offers a study of impressive scope, rich content and suggestive argument, ... it is a major addition to the historiography of the Hispanic world and will undoubtedly become a standard work of reference.' Times Higher Education Supplement 'Brading offers a study of impressive scope, rich content and suggestive argument, ... it is a major addition to the historiography of the Hispanic world and will undoubtedly become a standard work of reference.' Times Higher Education Supplement

List of illustrations
Preface
Prologue
Conquest and Empire
A new world
Conquerors and chroniclers
The unarmed prophet
The great debate
Franciscan millenium
The proconsul
Andean pilgrim
Jesuit triumphs
History and myth
The Catholic monarchy
Tridentine prelate
Strangers in Their Own Land
Inca humanist
The Two Cities
Creole patriots
Annals of Ophir
Mexican phoenix
Western paradise
Peruvian eclipse
History and philosophy
Jesuit patriots
Reconquest and Revolution
The new state
Erastian church
Scientific traveller
The great rebellion
Liberals and patriots
Insurgent creole
Republican hero
Civilisation and barbarism
Mexican Leviathan
Notes
Bibliography
Index.
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521447966
ISBN-10: 0521447968
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 780
Published: 27th December 1993
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.71 x 14.99  x 3.63
Weight (kg): 1.02