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The Fall of Natural Man : The American Indian and the Origins of Comparative Ethnology - Mr. Anthony Pagden

The Fall of Natural Man

The American Indian and the Origins of Comparative Ethnology

Paperback Published: 8th June 1987
ISBN: 9780521337045
Number Of Pages: 284

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This book gives a new interpretation of the reception of the new world by the old. It is the first in-depth study of the pre-Enlightenment methods by which Europeans attempted to describe and classify the American Indian and his society. Between 1512 and 1724 a simple determinist view of human society was replaced by a more sophisticated relativist approach. Anthony Pagden uses new methods of technical analysis, already developed in philosophy and anthropology, to examine four groups of writers who analysed Indian culture: the sixteenth-century theologian, Francisco de Vitoria, and his followers; the 'champion of the Indians' Bartolome de Las Casas; and the Jesuit historians Jose de Acosta and Joseph Francois Lafitau. Dr Pagden explains the sources for their theories and how these conditioned their observations. He also examines for the first time the key terms in each writer's vocabulary - words such as 'barbarian' and 'civil' - and the assumptions that lay beneath them."

'Pagden's subtle account ... is a model for the history of anthropology altogether. It shows, too, how constant some of the subject's central conceptions have been over the succeeding four hundred years.' The London Review of Books ' ... in the subtlety of its analysis and the richness of its detail The Fall of Natural Man surpasses all previous writings on the subject in any language.' The Times Higher Education Supplement 'The strength and novelty of the book consists in the seriousness with which Pagden reconstructs the classificatory theories of sixteenth-century Iberians and uses them to explain much of their writing on the Indians.' Political Studies 'We must thank Anthony Pagden for having, in this erudite and well-written study, demonstrated in a definitive manner the importance of the ethnological contribution of sixteenth-century Spanish authors.' Revue historique

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Abbreviationsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
The problem of recognitionp. 10
The image of the barbarianp. 15
The theory of natural slaveryp. 27
From nature's slaves to nature's childrenp. 57
The rhetorician and the theologians: Juan Gines de Sepulveda and his dialogue, Democrates secundusp. 109
A programme for comparative ethnology: (1) Bartolome de Las Casasp. 119
A programme for comparative ethnology: (2) Jose de Acostap. 146
Joseph Francois Lafitau: comparative ethnology and the language of symbolsp. 198
Notesp. 210
Bibliographyp. 247
Indexp. 265
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521337045
ISBN-10: 0521337046
Series: Cambridge Iberian and Latin American Studies
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 284
Published: 8th June 1987
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.42