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The Failure of Agrarian Capitalism : Agrarian Politics in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and the USA, 1846-1919 - Niek Koning

The Failure of Agrarian Capitalism

Agrarian Politics in the UK, Germany, the Netherlands and the USA, 1846-1919

Hardcover Published: 17th November 1994
ISBN: 9780415114318
Number Of Pages: 308

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In 1992, a trade war nearly developed between the French and the Americans over the French government's rape seed subsidy. The US responded with threats of slapping heafty duties on French "vin blanc." Each year promises yet another round of arguments, threats, and economic repisals.
In "The Failure of Agrarian Capitalism," Dutch economist Niek Koning examines the economic origins of such forms of intervention. He scrutinizes attempts to reform farming policy in the latest round of GATT talks; and provides an incisive and comparative analysis of the agrarian politics in England, Germany, the Netherlands and the US from 1846-1919. He places an astute emphasis on legislation and argues that this period was crucial in robbing the agricultural sector of a market-oriented autonomy, eventually spawning the seeds of this conflict.

List of figures
List of tables
Preface and acknowledgements
Introductionp. 1
Agricultural price support and the social scientistsp. 1
Plan and method of the studyp. 5
Agrarian Capitalism: Growth and Miscarriagep. 11
Agricultural markets in the age of the first Industrial Revolutionp. 11
Growth of agrarian capitalismp. 14
Changes in the age of the second Industrial Revolutionp. 19
Decline of large farmsp. 25
Effects on the demand for farm policiesp. 29
Agrarian politics and the general political evolutionp. 37
Mid-1840s to c. 1873: The Liberal Yearsp. 40
Agricultural growth in the Railway Agep. 40
Farm structures and technical progressp. 43
Liberalizing tendency in farm policiesp. 50
Wealth-controlling rural classes and the liberalization of agricultural tradep. 56
Institutional bases of farm progressp. 59
Few reasons for indulgence with small farmers and farm labourersp. 62
Agrarian capitalism and the rise of classical liberalismp. 65
c. 1873 to Late 1890s: The Watershedp. 71
Agriculture and the 'Great Depression'p. 71
Repercussions on farm output and productivityp. 74
Set-back for large farmsp. 81
Government intervention along diverging pathsp. 84
United States, the Netherlands and the blessings of comparative advantagep. 90
United Kingdom, Germany and the determinants of free trade or protectionp. 96
Bourgeois fears, defence of ground rents, and the turn to land reformp. 103
Agricultural crisis and the decline of liberalismp. 107
Late 1890s to the First World War: Agriculture and National Efficiencyp. 113
Economic expansion and revival of agricultural marketsp. 113
Evolution of farm structuresp. 114
Farm output and productivityp. 121
Government and the beginnings of agricultural Taylorismp. 127
Increase in land reformp. 131
Delay in social policies for farm labourersp. 135
Agricultural trade policies: the United States and the Netherlandsp. 137
Tariff question in the United Kingdom and Germany: the struggle over national destinyp. 139
Ambiguities of agrarian corporatismp. 144
Swan song of the Old Regimep. 146
The First World War and Beyondp. 154
Introductory remarksp. 154
Agriculture and food supply during the warp. 155
After-effectsp. 162
Discussionp. 167
Recapitulationp. 167
Neo-classical economics and the landlord-blame viewp. 169
Landlord political power: need for reconsidering?p. 174
Appendix: Statistical data on agricultural development in the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands and the United States, 1850-1913p. 177
Notesp. 188
Referencesp. 241
Indexp. 278
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415114318
ISBN-10: 0415114314
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 308
Published: 17th November 1994
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.61
Edition Number: 1