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The Explanationist Defense of Scientific Realism : Studies in Philosophy - Dorit A. Ganson

The Explanationist Defense of Scientific Realism

Studies in Philosophy

Hardcover

Published: 21st June 2001
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Ganson offers new hope in this work for the defense of scientific realism by undermining powerful anti-realist objections and advocating an abandonment of naturalist and externalist strategies.

Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Explanationismp. 1
The Debate About Realism and the Constraints of Rationalityp. 1
Versions of Explanationism/Realismp. 5
Externalist vs. Internalist Explanationist Approaches to Defending Realismp. 11
Miller's Internalist Explanationismp. 14
Introducing Topic-Specific Truismsp. 14
A Brief Overview of Miller on Cause, Explanation, and Confirmationp. 16
The Role of Truisms in the Explanationist Defense of Realismp. 21
Why Truisms are Independent Marks of Rationalityp. 23
Unfinished Business in Miller's Programp. 29
Acausal Models of Explanationp. 35
Introduction: The Threat Acausalist Models of Explanation Pose to Contemporary Explanationismp. 35
A Brief History of Acausal Models of Explanationp. 38
Hume's Legacy and the Deductive-Nomological Modelp. 38
From the Inductive-Statistical Model to the Statistical Relevance Approachp. 41
The Statistical Relevance Model of Explanationp. 46
An Outline of the Model and Some Refinementsp. 46x
The Requirement of Objective Homogeneityp. 50
Salmon's Acausal Criteria for Admissible Selection Rules and Ensuing Problemsp. 53
Difficulties in the Identification of Causal Relevance With Statistical Relevancep. 60
Van Fraassen's Arguments against Inference to the Best Explanationp. 67
Van Fraassen's Constructive Empiricismp. 67
Building a Case Against Explanationism: The Short Argumentsp. 71
The Scientific Imagep. 71
Laws and Symmetryp. 77
The Bayesian Peter Objectionp. 82
Van Fraassen's Dutch Book Argumentp. 82
Flaws in the Argumentp. 87
Reconciling Explanationism with Bayes' Theoremp. 92
Van Fraassen's Dutch Booksp. 95
A Philosophical Application of the Probability Calculus: Using Dutch Book Arguments to Derive Rationality Constraintsp. 96
The Principle of Reflectionp. 103
The Temporally Extended Principle of Reflectionp. 110
A Prohibition Against Assigning a Probability Value to some Special Conditional Propositionsp. 116
Varieties of Explanationism and Fine's Critiquep. 125
Smart's "Wouldn't It be a Miracle?" Argumentp. 128
Boyd's Arguments for Realismp. 133
Boyd's Inference to the Best Explanationp. 133
Rival Explanans and Explanandump. 137
The Circularity Objection and the Realist Packagep. 146
Naturalized vs. Non-naturalized Realismp. 155
The Transcendental Road to Realismp. 161
Fine's Criticisms of Miller's Realismp. 163
The True Source of Unreasonable Doubtp. 165
Why Taking on Isn't Good Enoughp. 176
Salvaging Realism about Moleculesp. 184
Appendixp. 193
The Realist Account of Broad Empirical Scope (and its Bayesian Justification)p. 193
Van Fraassen's UnBayesian Rejection of Broad Scope as an Epistemically Relevant Virtuep. 197
Works Citedp. 201
Indexp. 205
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780815339649
ISBN-10: 081533964X
Series: Studies in Philosophy
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 21st June 2001
Publisher: GARLAND PUB
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.5
Edition Number: 1