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The Everyday Lives of Young Children : Culture, Class, and Child Rearing in Diverse Societies - Jonathan Tudge

The Everyday Lives of Young Children

Culture, Class, and Child Rearing in Diverse Societies

Paperback Published: 1st March 2008
ISBN: 9780521148481
Number Of Pages: 328

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Where do young children spend their time? What activities are they involved in, and who do they interact with? How do these activities and interactions vary across different societies and cultural groups?

This book provides unique answers to these questions, by describing the lives of three-year-olds in the United States, Russia, Estonia, Finland, South Korea, Kenya, and Brazil. Each child was followed for the equivalent of one complete waking day, whether at home, in childcare, on the streets, at the shops, etc. Graphic displays and verbal descriptions of the children's everyday activities and interactions reveal both the ways in which culture influences children's lives and the ways in which children play a role in changing the cultural groups of which they are a part.

This book also has a clear theoretical rationale and illustrates why and how to do cultural-ecological research.

Review of the hardback: '... a welcome addition ... Tudge's work makes important conceptual and empirical contributions to the developmental literature. It presents us with compelling arguments about the need to justify the choice of cultural units and observational categories in describing children's daily activities. It offers a theoretical framework for the study of culture and development, and proposes a broader conception of ethnographic research methodology. Finally, this work enables us to better understand the children of the majority world while providing new information about the children of the Western industrial world as it also guides future research in significant ways.' Human Development

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introduction and Stage Settingp. 1
Backgroundp. 1
Studies in the Developmental Psychology Modep. 7
Studies in the Sociological Modep. 9
Studies in the Anthropological Modep. 10
Disciplines and Paradigmsp. 12
Overview of the Bookp. 19
The Daily Lives of Toddlersp. 22
Young Children's Experiences in the Industrialized World: Examples from the United States and Englandp. 23
Time-Use Studiesp. 24
Observations and Interviewsp. 28
Variations by Setting, Race, and Social Classp. 38
Children's Experiences in the Majority World: Examples from Kenyap. 44
Engaging in Workp. 45
Play, Often while Workingp. 47
Sibling Care and Interactionp. 48
Heterogeneity, by Space and Timep. 49
The Role of Fathersp. 52
Conclusionp. 53
Cultural-Ecological Theory and Its Implications for Researchp. 56
Paradigms in the Study of Human Developmentp. 58
Contextualist Theoriesp. 62
Vygotsky's Theoryp. 62
Bronfenbrenner's Theoryp. 66
Cultural-Ecological Theoryp. 73
Implications of Cultural-Ecological Theory for the Study of Cultural Groupsp. 81
Cross-Cultural Psychology Versus Cultural Psychologyp. 81
The Study of Race/Ethnicity and Social Classp. 83
Conclusionp. 87
Methodsp. 88
A Focus on Typical Everyday Activitiesp. 90
Activities of Interestp. 94
Lessonsp. 94
Workp. 95
Playp. 95
Conversationp. 96
Settingsp. 97
Partners and Rolesp. 98
The Child as Active Agentp. 99
Culture and Historical Timep. 100
Methodological Challengesp. 103
Life in the Citiesp. 110
Greensboro, North Carolina, United Statesp. 111
Cities in the Northeast of Europep. 115
Obninsk, Russiap. 117
Tartu, Estoniap. 122
Oulu, Finlandp. 126
The "Diversity" Societiesp. 130
Suwon, South Koreap. 131
Kisumu, Kenyap. 133
Porto Alegre, Brazilp. 137
Conclusionp. 140
Everyday Activitiesp. 141
Focal and Nonfocal Activitiesp. 141
Availability of and Participation in Activitiesp. 143
Playp. 144
Lessonsp. 145
Conversationp. 145
Workp. 146
Summaryp. 147
Engagement in Play (Including Exploration and Entertainment)p. 149
Greensborop. 149
Northeastern European Citiesp. 151
Cities for Diversityp. 152
Summaryp. 156
Engagement in Lessonsp. 157
Greensborop. 157
Northeastern European Citiesp. 159
Cities for Diversityp. 160
Summaryp. 161
Engagement in Conversationp. 162
Greensborop. 163
Northeastern European Citiesp. 164
Cities for Diversityp. 166
Summaryp. 168
Engagement in Workp. 168
Summaryp. 173
Some Remaining Questionsp. 174
Analyzing the Datap. 174
Reasons for Individual Variationp. 176
Impact of Individual Variationp. 179
Comparisons with the Time-Use Studiesp. 181
Conclusionp. 182
Settings and Partnersp. 185
The Settingsp. 186
Activities Within Formal Child-Care Settingsp. 188
Comparing Children's Experiences, Within and Outside of Child Carep. 189
Comparing Children Attending Child Care with Those Not Attendingp. 195
Summaryp. 197
The Partners in Activitiesp. 199
Partners in Playp. 199
Partners in Workp. 203
Partners in Lessonsp. 205
Partners in Conversationp. 208
Summaryp. 210
The Availability of Partnersp. 211
Conclusionp. 217
Everyday Livesp. 221
Morningp. 222
Andy, in Greensborop. 222
Naomi, in Greensborop. 223
Boris, in Obninskp. 224
Peeter, in Tartup. 225
Jukka, in Oulup. 225
Jonghee, in Suwonp. 226
Fredah, in Kisumup. 227
Gabriela, in Porto Alegrep. 228
Summaryp. 228
Afternoonp. 230
Mike, in Greensborop. 230
Sandra, in Greensborop. 231
Kolya, in Obninskp. 233
Heino, in Tartup. 233
Jonas, in Oulup. 234
Mikyung, in Suwonp. 235
Brendah, in Kisumup. 236
Mariana, in Porto Alegrep. 236
Summaryp. 237
Early Eveningp. 239
Cassandra, in Greensborop. 239
Kevin, in Greensborop. 239
Liuba, in Obninskp. 241
Epp, in Tartup. 241
Teija, in Oulup. 242
Juwon, in Suwonp. 243
Brandon, in Kisumup. 244
Francisco, in Porto Alegrep. 245
Summaryp. 246
Preparing for Sleepp. 247
Patty, in Greensborop. 247
Noel, in Greensborop. 249
Volodya, in Obninskp. 250
Eva, in Tartup. 251
Piia, in Oulup. 252
Dongki, in Suwonp. 253
Derrick, in Kisumup. 254
Daniel, in Porto Alegrep. 254
Summaryp. 255
Conclusionp. 257
The Cultural Ecology of Young Childrenp. 259
Culture and Human Developmentp. 259
Illustrating a Dialectical Approach to Culture and Human Developmentp. 264
Cultural and Social-Class Influences on Developmentp. 265
Individual Influences on Developmentp. 268
The Influence of Time on and in Developmentp. 272
Conclusionp. 274
Referencesp. 283
Indexp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521148481
ISBN-10: 0521148480
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 328
Published: 1st March 2008
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.499
Edition Number: 1