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The Establishment of the Japanese Constitutional System : Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies - Junji Banno

The Establishment of the Japanese Constitutional System

Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies

Hardcover

Published: 30th April 1992
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Following the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Japan adopted many Western practices and institutions, including a constitution in 1889. "The Establishment of the Japanese Constitutional System" discusses how the Constitution actually worked during its first decade.
After the Diet--or parliament--was established, the oligarchs who had framed the Constitution found that the Diet intervened more than they had intended. In an equally surprising turn, the popular political parties who had initially opposed the expensive nationalist and industrial expansionist plans of the government eventually became supporters. The reasons for this drastic change in basic attitudes present a fascinating series of questions which Junji Banno addresses in this book.
To answer these questions, the author analyzes the constitutional framework and the economic interests of the key supporters of the popular parties--the agricultural landowners. The changing interests of this group in the mid 1890s forced the popular party leaders to modify their demand for "cheap government." Variations in the prices of agricultural products greatly influenced the attitudes of landowners towards government financial policies, shifting their focus away from tax reduction and towards industrialization as an attractive policy.

"This is a useful book for the serious student of Japanese political history." -Sir Hugh Cortazzi, "Proceedings of the Japan Society "This is an important work of scholarship translated into English with great skill . . . can be read with profit by all political historians interested in the creation of constitutional systems." -"Asian Affairs

Translator's Introductionp. xi
Introduction Issues and Methodsp. 1
The Political Situation Before the Sino-Japanese Warp. 7
Some Problems of Transcendentalismp. 9
'Enrich the Nation and Strengthen the Armed Forces' and 'Lighten the People's Burdens' as Issues in the Early Diet Sessionsp. 39
Political Conflict After the Sino-Japanese Warp. 83
Post-War Reconstruction and the Reactions of Various Political Forcesp. 85
The Formation of the Yamagata Factionp. 100
The Question of Increasing the Land Taxp. 122
The Collapse of the Party Cabinetp. 145
Concluding the Land Tax Increase Billp. 170
Conclusionp. 200
Appendicesp. 203
Notesp. 223
Indexp. 241
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415004978
ISBN-10: 0415004977
Series: Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 268
Published: 30th April 1992
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.59
Edition Number: 1