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The Erosion of Childhood : Childhood in Britain 1860-1918 - Lionel Rose

The Erosion of Childhood

Childhood in Britain 1860-1918

Hardcover Published: 27th July 2005
ISBN: 9780415001656
Number Of Pages: 304

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"The Erosion of Childhood" discusses the changing status of children from the mid-Victorian period to the end of World War I. The author emphasizes that their status was as objects to be used and abused, rather than as people with personalities in their own right.
The book looks at the exploitation of children in the worlds of work, school, and home. Lionel Rose shows how conditions improved over time, but expresses an underlying cynicism about the reasons for this improvement. Technological advances displaced children from some trades, so that mandatory schooling became the only alternative to the perceived menace of youths idling on the streets. Schools were corrals where children learned by rote their often meaningless lessons, and teachers' earnings were related to exam scores ("payment by result"). Such methods aimed only to make the child more "civilized"--good factory fodder.
In the last section, Rose compares the home life of the working-class child with that of his middle-class counterpart and finds that they both suffered, but in different ways. While the former was expected to contribute to the family income from an early age, the latter was segregated from parents in the nursery and boarding school, and subject to a highly structured upbringing.

Publisher's Notep. vii
Children without Childhood: an Introductionp. 1
Factories and Mines Legislationp. 8
Sweatshops, Cottage Labour and Moonlighting Up to the First World Warp. 19
Children on the Land and Children at Seap. 31
Young Slaves- Children in Domestic Servicep. 36
Brickyard and Canal Boat Children and Chimney Sweepsp. 51
Theatrical, Circus and Fairground Childrenp. 59
Juvenile Street Tradersp. 66
Waifs and Beggarsp. 80
Vagrancyp. 91
The Blind-Alley Job Problemp. 101
Employers, Education and the Part-Time Systemp. 107
School Curriculum Codes and the 'standards' 1862-1918p. 116
Teaching Methods 1860-1918p. 129
Health and Schoolingp. 145
Schooling and the Upper Classesp. 161
Pupil Society and School Disciplinep. 172
School Attendancep. 189
The Formative Results of Educationp. 196
Education and Economic Mobilityp. 206
Exploitation, Discipline and Duty in the Working-Class Homep. 215
Upbringing in the Upper-Class Homep. 222
The Child Protection Movementp. 233
Conclusionp. 244
Notesp. 245
Bibliographyp. 271
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415001656
ISBN-10: 041500165X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 304
Published: 27th July 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.54
Edition Number: 1