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The English Poor Laws 1700-1930 : Social History in Perspective - Anthony Brundage

The English Poor Laws 1700-1930

Social History in Perspective

Hardcover Published: 31st October 2001
ISBN: 9780333682708
Number Of Pages: 185

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"The English Poor Laws, 1700-1930" traces the laws' development from localized measures of poor relief designed primarily for rural communities to an increasingly centralized system attempting to grapple with the urgent crises of urban poverty. Some of the topics covered are the deterrent workhouse, medical care, education, assisted emigration, family maintenance, vagrancy, and the relationship of the poor laws to private charity.

'...a very useful and concise addition to the literature on the poor laws. It will appeal especially to undergraduate students who should appreciate the emphasis on the varied and contested nature of both history and policy-making.' - Mike McBeth, Journal of Social Policy '...the most comprehensive and succinct introduction to the field currently available.' - Peter Dunkley, Albion

Introduction: Approaching English Poor Law Historyp. 1
Point of Entryp. 1
A Wealth of Approaches to Poor Law Historyp. 3
The Poor Laws in the Eighteenth Century: Changing Patterns of Relief in a Maturing Capitalist Systemp. 9
The Parochial Basis of the Old Poor Lawp. 9
Poorhouses and Workhousesp. 10
'Farming Out' and Outdoor Reliefp. 13
Childbirth and Child-rearingp. 15
Medical Carep. 17
Attempts to Broaden the Administrative Areap. 18
Thomas Gilbert's Reformsp. 21
Open and Close Parishesp. 22
The Effects of Quickening Economic Changep. 23
The 1790s: Dearth, War, and the Spectre of Revolutionp. 25
The Allowance Systemp. 27
Economists, Philosophers, and Moralistsp. 29
Debates, Experiments, and Reforms, 1800-1832p. 37
Evangelizing the Poorp. 37
Wartime Privations and the Slowing of Reformp. 38
The Poor Laws and Economic Developmentp. 42
Post-war Dislocations and Demands for Reformp. 44
Renewed Parliamentary Activityp. 48
Select Vestriesp. 50
The Nottinghamshire Reformersp. 52
Poor Relief in the Final Years of the Old Poor Lawp. 55
Captain Swing and the Poor Lawsp. 57
The New Poor Law Takes Shape, 1832-1847p. 61
The Reform Ministry and Poor Reliefp. 61
The Royal Commission on the Poor Lawsp. 62
Passing the New Poor Lawp. 67
The Poor Law Commissioners Assume Authorityp. 69
Creating Poor Law Unions and Boards of Guardiansp. 71
Workers' Resistance to the New Poor Lawp. 74
The Workhouse and the Strategy of Deterrencep. 75
Anti-Poor Law Politics and Chartismp. 82
Poor Relief in the Hungry Fortiesp. 84
The Andover Scandal and the End of the Poor Law Commissionp. 87
Mid-Victorian Poor Relief, 1847-1870p. 90
The Poor Law Boardp. 90
Expanding Poor Law Services: Educationp. 92
Expanding Poor Law Services: Medical Carep. 96
Treatment of the Insanep. 99
Migration, Emigration, and Vagrancyp. 100
Changes in Settlement and Ratingp. 102
The Increasingly Urban Character of Poor Reliefp. 104
The Growing Alarm over Outdoor Reliefp. 107
The Revival of Deterrence and the Expansion of Services, 1870-1900p. 110
The Local Government Board and Poor Reliefp. 110
Organized Charity, the Poor Law, and the Crusade against Outdoor Reliefp. 112
The War on Vagrantsp. 117
The Changing Nature and Uses of the Workhousep. 120
Family Maintenance on Poor Reliefp. 122
Democratizing the Boards of Guardiansp. 124
Women Guardians and Poor Law Officialsp. 127
New Definitions of Povertyp. 130
The Eclipsing and Transforming of the Poor Law, 1900-1930p. 133
Labour and Poor Relief: the first Phase of Poplarismp. 133
The Royal Commission on the Poor Laws, 1905-1909p. 135
The Liberal Government's New Array of Social Servicesp. 140
The Impact of the Great War on the Poor Lawp. 143
Post-war Crises and the Revival of Poplarismp. 145
Neville Chamberlain and the Struggle with the Guardiansp. 147
The End of the Boards of Guardiansp. 150
The Persistence of the Poor Lawp. 152
Conclusionp. 154
Notesp. 158
Bibliographyp. 170
Indexp. 180
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333682708
ISBN-10: 033368270X
Series: Social History in Perspective
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 185
Published: 31st October 2001
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.2 x 14.3  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.38
Edition Number: 1