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The Emergence of a Scientific Culture : Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685 - Stephen Gaukroger

The Emergence of a Scientific Culture

Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Hardcover

Published: 1st January 2007
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Why did science emerge in the West and how did scientific values come to be regarded as the yardstick for all other forms of knowledge? Stephen Gaukroger shows just how bitterly the cognitive and cultural standing of science was contested in its early development. Rejecting the traditional picture of secularization, he argues that science in the seventeenth century emerged not in opposition to religion but rather was in many respects driven by it. Moreover, science did not present a unified picture of nature but was an unstable field of different, often locally successful but just as often incompatible, programmes. To complicate matters, much depended on attempts to reshape the persona of the natural philosopher, and distinctive new notions of objectivity and impartiality were imported into natural philosophy, changing its character radically by redefining the qualities of its practitioners.

The West's sense of itself, its relation to its past, and its sense of its future, have been profoundly altered since the seventeenth century, as cognitive values generally have gradually come to be shaped around scientific ones. Science has not merely brought a new set of such values to the task of understanding the world and our place in it, but rather has completely transformed the task, redefining the goals of enquiry. This distinctive feature of the development of a scientific culture in the West marks it out from other scientifically productive cultures. In The Emergence of a Scientific Culture, Stephen Gaukroger offers a detailed and comprehensive account of the formative stages of this development--and one which challenges the received wisdom that science was seen to be self-evidently the correct path to knowledge and that the benefits of science were immediately obvious to the disinterested observer.

This impressive and wide-ranging book is the first of a quintet devoted to the question: how in the (Western) world did all cognitive values come to be associated with scientific ones?... Gaukroger's grand beginning of an even grander five-volume narrative is an exceptional book. Its structure of scientific authority, as it were, is certain to stimulate long and lively discussions among academics of every stripe. Michael H. Shank, Renaissance Quarterly [A] substantial and impressive book...I am not aware of any other treatment of these themes that combines so magisterially a discerning account of changing boundaries between disciplines with a dispassionate analysis of the changing relations between theology and the sciences. The result is a scholarly exploration on the grand scale. John Hedley Brooke, British Journal for the History of Science especially useful to philosophers looking for the historical context of particular arguments. Few historians have the ambition to attempt a synoptic treatment of the entire history of Western science at anything more than an introductory level. Certainly, no one has undertaken such a project in recent years, when so much has been added to the secondary literature. Gaukroger's book is a comprehensive, narrative overview of the state of the art...[this book] and its companion volumes will fill an empty niche on scholars' bookshelves. David Marshall Miller, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews A careful reading of this outstanding treatise by Gaukroger brings to life not only 500 crucial years that yielded the emergence of science in the west, but also the religious ferment and motivations that forwarded the new scientific culture. T. Eastman, Choice Gaukroger provides an insightful analysis...[and] the book's...content also reminds us of its author's accomplishments as a historian of philosophy. Peter Dear, Nature, Vol. 446 a project of breathtaking ambition... an impressive performance...and synthesizes a lot of difficult material into a coherent body. Times Literary Supplement

Introduction Part I 1: Science and modernity Part II 2: From Augustinian synthesis to Aristotelian amalgam 3: Renaissance natural philosophies 4: The interpretation of nature and the origins of physico-theology Part III 5: Reconstructing natural philosophy 6: Reconstructing the natural philosopher 7: The aims of enquiry Part IV 8: Corpuscularianism and the rise of mechanism 9: The scope of mechanism 10: Experimental natural philosophy 11: The quantitative transformation of natural philosophy Part V 12: The unity of knowledge

ISBN: 9780199296446
ISBN-10: 0199296448
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 576
Published: 1st January 2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.0  x 4.0
Weight (kg): 1.03