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The Ecozones of the World : The Ecological Divisions of the Geosphere :  The Ecological Divisions of the Geosphere - Jurgen Schultz

The Ecozones of the World : The Ecological Divisions of the Geosphere

The Ecological Divisions of the Geosphere

Hardcover Published: September 2005
ISBN: 9783540200147
Number Of Pages: 252

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The Ecozones.- Climate.- Soils.- Vegetation and Animals.- Land Use.- Comparison of Ecozones.- Polar Subpolar Zone.- Boreal Zone.- Temperate Midlatitudes.- Dry Midlatitudes.- Subtropics with Winter Rain.- Subtropics with year-round.- Dry Subtropics and Tropics.- Tropics with Summer Rain.- Tropics with year-round Rain.

From the reviews of the second edition:

"This is a well organized and concise description of the nine major terrestrial regions of the earth. Each region is described in terms of its distribution, climate, soil, relief and drainage, land use, and vegetation and animals. This allows for an easy comparison of salient factors between regions and also allows the reader to readily focus on a particular aspect of interest ... . This is a useful and practical guide and an excellent introduction to biogeography." (Southeastern Naturalist, Vol. 5 (1), 2006)

"The book consists of two parts. A general part discusses the treatment of the ecozones and gives an overview of selected characteristics ... . And a second part called Regional sections: The individual ecozones. ... `The ecozones of the world' is a good introduction to the ecological division of the earth, especially for those with an interest in patterns and processes on a large scale. The book is amply illustrated with figures, tables and diagrams, which, together with the text, provide a lot of information." (Frits Adema, Blumea, Vol. 51 (2), 2006)

"The book provides a summary and explanation of the most significant characteristics of the major regions of the earth ... . Due to the wealth of facts and features presented on terrestrial ecozones of the world, the book is ... a useful reference work for teachers and lecturers. ... the author should be complimented for having done an excellent job ... . The textbook gives an impressive overview of the world's terrestrial ecozones and should be present in all reference libraries ... ." (Udo Schickhoff, Phytocoenologia, Vol. 36 (3), 2006)

General: the treatment of the econzones and global overviews of selected characteristics
Distributionp. 7
Climatep. 11
Solar radiationp. 11
The growing season and conditions for plant growthp. 14
Relief and drainagep. 17
Geomorphological processesp. 17
Drainage and water balancep. 17
Soilsp. 21
Soil fertilityp. 21
Soil water budgetp. 23
Soil units and soil zonesp. 26
Vegetation and animalsp. 35
Structural characteristics of the vegetationp. 35
Ecosystem model of ecozonep. 38
Available supply of organic matter in the ecosystemp. 40
Primary productionp. 40
Photosynthesis and respirationp. 40
Primary production from plant standsp. 42
Production capacity of the world's plant coverp. 43
Consumption by animals and secondary productionp. 48
Waste and decompositionp. 49
Turnover of mineralsp. 51
Land usep. 55
Regional section: The individual ecozones
Polar subpolar zonep. 63
Distributionp. 63
Climatep. 64
Temperature, length of day, precipitationp. 64
Annual temperature changes in the soil and air layer next to the soilp. 65
Summer solar radiation and heat budgetp. 67
Relief and drainage in periglacial areasp. 68
Soilsp. 72
Vegetation and fauna in the tundra and polar desertsp. 73
Distribution of vegetationp. 74
Biomass and primary productionp. 75
Animals and animal feedp. 76
Decomposition and turnover of mineralsp. 77
Model of a tundra ecosystemp. 78
Land usep. 80
Synoptic diagram for the tundrap. 81
Boreal zonep. 83
Distributionp. 83
Climatep. 84
Relief and drainagep. 87
Soilsp. 89
Vegetation and animalsp. 91
Boreal coniferous forestp. 91
Peat bogsp. 92
Forest tundra, polar and forest tree linesp. 93
Biomass and primary productionp. 94
Decomposition, organic soil matter and mineral reservesp. 94
Boreal coniferous forest ecosystemsp. 98
Land usep. 98
Synoptic diagram for the Boreal zonep. 100
Temperate midlatitudesp. 103
Distributionp. 103
Climatep. 103
Relief and drainagep. 105
Soilsp. 107
Vegetation and animalsp. 108
Seasonality in deciduous forestsp. 109
Water budget in forestsp. 111
Biomass and primary production, growth and litter productionp. 112
Mineral budget in midlatitude deciduous broadleaf and boreal coniferous forestsp. 113
Model of an ecosystem of a deciduous forestp. 118
Land usep. 118
Synoptic diagram for the Temperate midlatitudesp. 121
Dry midlatitudesp. 123
Distributionp. 123
Climatep. 124
Relief and drainagep. 125
Soils in the steppesp. 125
Types of soil in the zonep. 125
Halomorphic soilsp. 128
Vegetation and animals in the steppesp. 128
Types of steppesp. 129
Life-form and adaptation to winter cold and summer droughtp. 130
Animalsp. 130
Biomass, primary production and decompositionp. 131
Available supply and turnover of mineralsp. 134
Land usep. 134
Large scale grain cultivationp. 134
Extensive pasture economyp. 136
Synoptic diagram for steppesp. 138
Subtropics with winter rainp. 141
Distributionp. 141
Climatep. 142
Relief and drainagep. 143
Soilsp. 143
Vegetation and animalsp. 144
Sclerophyllous vegetationp. 144
Adaptation to summer droughtp. 146
Animalsp. 148
Firep. 148
Biomass and primary productionp. 150
Land Usep. 152
Synoptic diagram for the Subtropics with winter rainp. 154
Subtropics with year-round rainp. 157
Distributionp. 157
Climatep. 158
Relief and drainagep. 159
Soilsp. 160
Vegetationp. 161
Structural characteristicsp. 161
Available supply and turnover in a semi-evergreen oak forest in the southeastern United Statesp. 162
Land usep. 165
Synoptic diagram for the Subtropics with year-round rainp. 165
Dry tropics and subtropicsp. 169
Distributionp. 169
Climatep. 170
Relief and drainagep. 172
Weathering processes and crustsp. 172
Aeolian processesp. 172
Stream erosion and wash denudationp. 173
Soilsp. 174
Vegetation and animalsp. 175
Vegetation and soil water budgetp. 176
Adaptation to drought and stressp. 180
Animals in the desertp. 183
Biomass and primary productionp. 184
Land usep. 185
Pastoral nomadismp. 185
Oasis agriculturep. 187
Synoptic diagram for tropical thorn savannas and subtropical thorn steppes in the semi-arid Dry tropics and subtropicsp. 189
Tropics with summer rainp. 193
Distributionp. 193
Climatep. 194
Relief and drainagep. 195
Soilsp. 198
General characteristics of soils in the subtropics and tropics with summer and year-round rainp. 198
Soil typesp. 200
Vegetation and animalsp. 202
Structural characteristics of savanna vegetationp. 202
Animalsp. 203
Savanna firesp. 204
Biomass and primary productionp. 204
Zoomass and animal feedp. 206
Decomposition of litterp. 208
Mineral supplies and turnoversp. 209
Land usep. 210
Synoptic diagram for the Tropics with summer rainp. 213
Tropics with year-round rainp. 215
Distributionp. 215
Climatep. 216
Relief and drainagep. 217
Soilsp. 218
Vegetation and animalsp. 221
Structure of the tropical rainforestp. 221
Dynamics of the vegetationp. 224
Animalsp. 224
Biomass and primary productionp. 225
Animal feedp. 226
Litter, the litter layer, decomposition and humusp. 226
Mineral supplies and turnoversp. 227
Rainforest ecosystemp. 229
Land usep. 230
Synoptic diagram for the Tropics with year-round rainp. 235
Referencesp. 237
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540200147
ISBN-10: 3540200142
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 252
Published: September 2005
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.62
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised