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The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-plant Interactions : Interspecific Interactions - Victor Rico-Gray

The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-plant Interactions

Interspecific Interactions

Paperback Published: 1st July 2007
ISBN: 9780226713489
Number Of Pages: 320

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Ants are probably the most dominant insect group on Earth, representing ten to fifteen percent of animal biomass in terrestrial ecosystems. Flowering plants, meanwhile, owe their evolutionary success to an array of interspecific interactions--such as pollination, seed dispersal, and herbivory--that have helped to shape their great diversity. "The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions" brings together findings from the scientific literature on the coevolution of ants and plants to provide a better understanding of the unparalleled success of these two remarkable groups, of interspecific interactions in general, and ultimately of terrestrial biological communities.
"The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions" synthesizes the dynamics of ant-plant interactions, including the sources of variation in their outcomes. Victor Rico-Gray and Paulo S. Oliveira capture both the emerging appreciation of the importance of these interactions within ecosystems and the developing approaches that place studies of these interactions into a broader ecological and evolutionary context. The collaboration of two internationally renowned scientists, "The Ecology and Evolution of Ant-Plant Interactions" will become a standard reference for understanding the complex interactions between these two taxa.

Prefacep. xi
Ant-Plant Interactionsp. 1
The Origin and Early Evolution of Ant-Plant Associations
Phylogenetic Associations
A Brief History of the Associations
Coevolution and Interspecific Interactions
Antagonistic Interactions: Leaf-Cutting and Seed-Harvesting Antsp. 21
Leaf-Cutting Ants (Grazing)
Seed-Harvesting Ants (Predation)
Mutualism from Antagonism: Ants as Primary Seed-Dispersersp. 42
The Reward: Elaiosomes
Seed Dispersal by Ants
Myrmecochory: Distribution and Significance Worldwide
Conclusion
Myrmecochory in Eastern North America, Japan, and Europe
Myrmecochory in Australia and South Africa
Myrmecochory in the Neotropics
Mutualism from Opportunism: Ants as Secondary Seed-Dispersersp. 68
The Reward: Fallen Fleshy Diaspores
Diaspore Attributes and Patterns of Ant Attendance
Ant Effects on Seeds and Seedlings
Directed Dispersal of Seeds by Ponerine Ants
Prospect
Mutualism from Antagonism: Ants and Flowersp. 85
Pollination by Ants
Discouragement of Floral Visits by Ants
Plant Species in Which Ant Pollination Has Been Demonstrated
Antagonism and Mutualism: Direct Interactionsp. 99
The Pseudomyrmex-Acacia Association
Ants, Plants, and Food Bodies
Ant-Inhabited Plants Offering No Direct Food Rewards
Ants, Plants, and Extrafloral Nectaries
Plant Defensive Strategies and Induced Responses
The Nature of the Associations and the Importance of Conditionality
Topics for Future Consideration
Flowering Plants That Maintain a Nonsymbiotic Relationship with Ants
Antagonism and Mutualism: Indirect Interactionsp. 142
Ants, Plants, and Hemipterans
Variable Outcomes in Ant-Hemipteran Systems
The Effect of Ant-Hemiptera Interactions on Host Plants
Ant-Hemiptera Associations and the Evolution of Extrafloral Nectaries
Nutrition of Plants by Ant Mutualists: Life History of Ant-Fed Plants and Ant-Garden Systemsp. 163
Ant-Fed Plants
Ant Gardens
Conclusion
Ant-Fed Plants That Absorb Nutrients from Ant Debris
Canopy-Dwelling Ants, Plant and Insect Exudates, and Ant Mosaicsp. 177
Canopy Ants: Main Features and Trophic Role
The Competitive Environment
Ant Mosaics
Plant and Insect Exudates and Ant Community Structure
The Effect of Trophobiont Tenders on Associated Herbivores and on the Host Plant
Variation in Ant-Plant Interactionsp. 193
Temporal Variation
Spatial Variation
Plants with Extrafloral Nectaries
Ant Species Using Plant-Derived Food Resources
Ant-Plant Interactions in Agriculturep. 215
Agricultural Systems, Herbivores, and Ants
Ants as Biological Control Agents
Case Studies
Biological Control and Interspecific Interactions
Overview and Perspectivesp. 231
Literature Citedp. 253
Indexp. 313
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226713489
ISBN-10: 0226713482
Series: Interspecific Interactions
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 1st July 2007
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.3  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Type: New edition

Earn 113 Qantas Points
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