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The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering : International Comparisons in Computing and Biotechnology - G. M. Peter Swann

The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering

International Comparisons in Computing and Biotechnology

By: G. M. Peter Swann (Editor), Martha Prevezer (Editor), David Stout (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st March 1998
ISBN: 9780198289593
Number Of Pages: 360

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Why do firms in high technology industries cluster at particular locations? Do firms grow faster at such locations and are disproportionately more new firms created in clusters? The contributors to this volume establish that new firms in computing and biotechnology have been attracted to particular sites by the presence of opportunities not taken up by incumbent firms. These opportunities arise when the cluster is strong in a mix of industrial sectors and in its science base. By contrast, incumbent firms benefit from locating in clusters that are strong in their own industrial sector, but tend to miss out on opportunities that arise too far from their immediate sphere. This book compares the clustering process in the UK and the US in both computing and biotechnology. There are surprisingly similar tendencies towards clustering in both industries, though different structures and scale of the industries contribute to slower growth rates in the UK. There are other conditionsco-operation, critical mass in R&D, networking across disciplinesthat are lacking in the UK, and these hinder cluster formation and growth. Policy needs to focus on infrastructure in particular regions, building on existing resources and specialisms, and it needs to support those features of a cluster that attract new resources to a region.

1: G. M. Peter Swann and Martha Prevezer: Introduction 2: Rui Baptista: Clusters, Innovation, and Growth: A Survey of the Literature 3: G. M. Peter Swann: Towards a Model of Clustering in High-Technology Industries 4: G. M. Peter Swann: Clusters in the US Computing Industry 5: Rui Baptista and G. M. Peter Swann: Clustering Dynamics in the UK Computer Industries: A Comparison with the USA 6: Martha Prevezer: Clustering in Biotechnology in the USA 7: Simon Shohet: Clustering and UK Biotechnology 8: Martha Prevezer: Comparison and Interaction between Computing and Biotechnology 9: Paul Temple: Clusters and Competitiveness: A Policy Perspective 10: G. M. Peter Swann and Martha Prevezer: Conclusions References

ISBN: 9780198289593
ISBN-10: 0198289596
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 1st March 1998
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.56