When we die, do we enter an afterlife or return to this life? Eastern and Western philosophies have disagreed on this point for thousands of years. The author seeks to bridge the gap between the historical conflict this question engenders. In this text, the authors draws on mythology, psychology, religion and science, as well as past-life regression and near-death experiences to argue that each perspective is partially correct and that the human soul divides at death, with the concious mind reincarnating and the unconcious mind judging itself. This premise is put forward to explain the differences between the world's religions. Novak describes how this division arose and how it is likely to be resolved.