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The Digestive System in Mammals : Food Form and Function - D. J. Chivers

The Digestive System in Mammals

Food Form and Function

By: D. J. Chivers (Editor), P. Langer (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 21st March 2003
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However well the anatomy of the gastrointestinal tracts of a wide range of mammals are described and quantified, there can be no real explanation of observed patterns without consideration of the mechanical and chemical properties of the food consumed, and digestive stages involved in its processing. This book aims to integrate findings from the many different types of investigations of mammalian digestive systems into a coherent whole. Using the themes of food, form and function, researchers discuss models of digestive processes, linking this with evolutionary aspects of food utilization. Macroscopic and ultrastructural studies of the gastrointestinal tract are also presented, as are physiological, ecological and biochemical aspects of the digestion of different food types. The book ends with an integrative chapter, bringing together the themes running through the earlier sections.

'In conclusion, the book is well presented and scholarly. It is likely to be enjoyed on a first reading and used often thereafter, because of the wide range of information it presents.' The Queen's University of Belfast, Anatomy Journal

Introduction
Gut form and function
Food and digestion of Caenozoic mammals in Europe
Modelling gut function
Optimum gut structure for specified diets
Food
Foods and the digestive system
Classification of foods for comparative analysis of gastro-intestinal tracts
The carnivorous herbivores
Nutritional ecology of fruit-eating and flower-visiting birds and bats
Herbivory and niche partitioning
Taste discrimination and diet differentiation among New World primates
Potential hominid plant foods from woody species in semi-arid vs. sub-humid subtropical Africa
Form
The form of selected regions of the gastro-intestinal tract
Categorisation of food items relevant to oral processing
A direct method for measurement of gross surface area of mammalian gastro-intestinal tracts
Morphometric methods for determining surface enlargement at the microscopic level in the large intestine and their application
Weaning time and bypass structures in fore-stomachs of Marsupalia and Eutheria
Adaptations in the large intestine allowing small animals to eat fibrous foods
Function
Foraging and digestion in herbivores
Gut morphology, body size and digestive performance in rodents
The integrated processing response in herbivorous small mammals
Digestive constraints on dietary scope in small and moderately-small mammals
Effects and costs of allelochemicals for mammalian herbivores
Short-chain fatty acids as a physiological signal from gut microbes
Synthesis and Perspectives
Food, form and function
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521440165
ISBN-10: 0521440165
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 21st March 2003
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.85