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The Diatoms : Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences - John P. Smol

The Diatoms

Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences

By: John P. Smol (Editor), Eugene F. Stoermer (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 8th November 2010
ISBN: 9780521509961
Number Of Pages: 686

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Diatoms are microscopic algae which are found in virtually every habitat where water is present. This volume is an up-to-date summary of the expanding field of their uses in environmental and earth sciences. Their abundance and wide distribution, and their well-preserved glass-like walls make them ideal tools for a wide range of applications as both fossils and living organisms. Examples of their wide range of applications include environmental indicators, oil exploration, and forensic examination. The major emphasis is on their use in analyzing ecological problems such as climate change, acidification, and eutrophication. The contributors to the volume are leading researchers in their fields and are brought together for the first time to give a timely synopsis of a dynamic and important area. This book should be read by environmental scientists, phycologists, limnologists, ecologists and palaeoecologists, oceanographers, archaeologists and forensic scientists.

'I'd recommend this book to all students doing diatom research. It is an excellent source for basic information ... The bibliography at the end of each chapter is excellent ... [The book] could also be used as a textbook for a course on diatoms.' Diatom Research
'... this is an excellent work and I commend the editors and authors for developing and now expanding on a comprehensive and coherent book that makes clear that diatom science will continue to grow for the next generation of scientists.' The Holocene
From the First Edition: "An inspirational volume that will be valuable in courses in environmental biology and geography, at the undergraduate and graduate level. It will also provide useful ammunition for embattled phycologists, unable to avoid the ever increasing irritating demands to show that their work has immediate 'relevance'. The epilogue should be Edinburgh Journal of Botany
From the First Edition: "This book can warmly be recommended to a wide variety of readers. Diatomologists as a handy survey, environmental monitors, freshwater biologists and phycologists as a source of immeasurable useful knowledge, biology university teachers as a source of facts and inspiration. The book is well made; editors, authors and publishers can share the credit." Nordic Journal of Botany
From the First Edition: "This book constitutes a well-organized and comprehensive review on the use of diatoms in environmental and earth sciences in recent decades, and is a well-referenced resource...The book is an essential resource for all students and investigators who have interest in diatoms and the environmental sciences, both for modern studies and for historical applications. It is well worth the price..." Journal of Paleolimnology
From the First Edition: "This book provides a very useful overview of all potential applications of diatoms to environmental problems." Journal of Phycology
"With this book-all of whose chapters are of high quality-it can be fairly said that environmental diatom analysis has come of age." Holocene
From the First Edition: "This book is packed with information on the many uses of diatoms in the Earth and environmental sciences, and is an essential volume for Quarternary and environmental scientists." The Quarterly Review of Biology
From the First Edition: "an invaluable resource for anyone with an interest in diatoms, particularly students, who will appreciate its thorough reviews and wealth of literature citations. Its synthesis of techniques, ideas, and viewpoints move diatom science strongly into the 21st century." American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
"The editors and contributors should be given much credit for greatly enhancing what was already a good summary of the application of diatoms to the environmental and earth sciences. The glossary, list of abbreviations and acronyms is also very useful for the non-specialist. This volume also holds interest for established researchers, providing an updated quick reference point on many topics and extensive citations to the wealth of diatom literature, valuable for both teaching and research... Libraries everywhere should update from the first edition and hold a copy, if not more than one." Natasha Barlow, Quaternary Science Reviews
"the second edition of The Diatoms, Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences, should be something of a compulsory purchase for diatomists, and is a valuable reference text for postgraduate and undergraduate students. With its emphasis on environmental issues of global concern, it should also succeed in being of appeal more generally to scientists and practitioners in the aquatic and environmental sciences. We look forward to the third edition in due course." J. M. Reed, Journal of Paleolimnology
"All of the chapters have been rewritten and brought up to date... extremely useful glossary... this book must - like its predecessor - be warmly recommended, of course to diatomologists and environmental managers, but also to other biologists and to geologists, as a source of high knowledge and inspiration." Nordic Journal of Botany
"I'd recommend this book to all students doing diatom research. It is an excellent source for basic information about many aspects of diatom research. The bibliography at the end of each chapter is excellent beginning source for literature on that particular subject. I personally found the book to be very useful and would recommend that it be added to your collection. It could also be used as a textbook for a course on diatoms." Karen K. Serieyssol, Diatom Research
"This book is an essential resource for many researchers and students who work in the field of modern and historical diatom-based environmental studies, because the existing books focused on diatoms (e.g., Round et al. 1990, Seckbach and Kociolek 2011) or on algae in general (e.g., Stevenson et al. 1996, Wehr and Sheath 2003) scarcely touch selected aspects of diatom applications. Smol and Stoermer's book presents an updated, well-referenced, and thorough review on the wide range of diatom applications, summarizing effectively the rapidly increased number of publications in the past decade, which prompted the editors, as they note, to ``undertake a major revision of the first edition.'' The book content is nearly doubled, including 16 new chapters and many new coauthors that contributed to the excellent scientific quality of the second edition. As a result, the overview of diatom habitats has been expanded with ecosystems that deserve more attention because of their unique diatom biodiversity, such as ancient lakes, wetlands, peatlands, shallow lakes, coral reefs, and tropical marine lakes. New fascinating topics are elucidated, for instance diatoms as nonnative species and diatoms in nanotechnology. The comprehensive coverage of topics as well as thorough reviews and a wealth of literature citations will be appreciated by all users of the second edition." Rosalina Stancheva and Robert G. Sheath, Journal of Phycology
"this is an excellent work and I commend the editors and authors for developing, and now expanding on a comprehensive and coherent book that makes clear that diatom science will continue to grow for the next generation of scientists." Reed Scherer, Northern Illinois University for The Holocene

Preface
Introduction
Applications and uses of diatoms: prologue
The diatoms: a primer
Numerical methods for the analysis of diatom assemblage data
Diatoms as Indicators of Environmental Change in Flowing Waters and Lakes
Assessing environmental conditions in rivers and streams with diatoms
Diatoms as indicators of long-term environmental change in rivers, fluvial lakes and impoundments
Diatoms as indicators of surface-water acidity
Diatoms as indicators of lake eutrophication
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in shallow lakes
Diatoms as indicators of water-level change in freshwater lakes
Diatoms as indicators of hydrologic and climatic change in saline lakes
Diatoms in ancient lakes
Diatoms as Indicators in Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Lacustrine Environments
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in subarctic and alpine regions
Freshwater diatoms as indicators of environmental change in the High Arctic
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in Antarctic and subantarctic freshwaters
Diatoms as Indicators in Marine and Estuarine Environments
Diatoms and environmental change in large brackish-water ecosystems
Applied diatom studies in estuaries and shallow coastal environments
Estuarine paleoenvironmental reconstructions using diatoms
Diatoms on coral reefs and in tropical marine lakes
Diatoms as indicators of former sea levels, earthquakes, tsunamis and hurricanes
Marine diatoms as indicators of modern changes in oceanographic conditions
Holocene marine diatom records of environmental change
Diatoms as indicators of paleoceanographic events
Reconsidering the meaning of biogenic silica accumulation rates in the glacial Southern Ocean
Other Applications
Diatoms of aerial habitats
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in wetlands and peatlands
Tracking fish, seabirds, and wildlife population dynamics with diatoms and other limnological indicators
Diatoms and archaeology
Diatoms in oil and gas exploration
Forensic science and diatoms
Toxic marine diatoms
Diatoms as markers of atmospheric transport
Diatoms as nonnative species
Diatomite
Stable isotopes from diatom silica
Diatoms and nanotechnology: early history and imagined future as seen through patents
Conclusions
Epilogue: a view to the future
Glossary, acronyms, and abbreviations
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521509961
ISBN-10: 0521509963
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 686
Published: 8th November 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 27.94 x 22.23  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 2.11
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised

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