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The Diatoms : Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences - John P. Smol

The Diatoms

Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences

By: John P. Smol (Editor), Eugene F. Stoermer (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 8th November 2010
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Diatoms are microscopic algae which are found in virtually every habitat where water is present. This volume is an up-to-date summary of the expanding field of their uses in environmental and earth sciences. Their abundance and wide distribution, and their well-preserved glass-like walls make them ideal tools for a wide range of applications as both fossils and living organisms. Examples of their wide range of applications include environmental indicators, oil exploration, and forensic examination. The major emphasis is on their use in analyzing ecological problems such as climate change, acidification, and eutrophication. The contributors to the volume are leading researchers in their fields and are brought together for the first time to give a timely synopsis of a dynamic and important area. This book should be read by environmental scientists, phycologists, limnologists, ecologists and palaeoecologists, oceanographers, archaeologists and forensic scientists.

'I'd recommend this book to all students doing diatom research. It is an excellent source for basic information ... The bibliography at the end of each chapter is excellent ... [The book] could also be used as a textbook for a course on diatoms.' Diatom Research
'... this is an excellent work and I commend the editors and authors for developing and now expanding on a comprehensive and coherent book that makes clear that diatom science will continue to grow for the next generation of scientists.' The Holocene

Preface
Introduction
Applications and uses of diatoms: prologue
The diatoms: a primer
Numerical methods for the analysis of diatom assemblage data
Diatoms as Indicators of Environmental Change in Flowing Waters and Lakes
Assessing environmental conditions in rivers and streams with diatoms
Diatoms as indicators of long-term environmental change in rivers, fluvial lakes and impoundments
Diatoms as indicators of surface-water acidity
Diatoms as indicators of lake eutrophication
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in shallow lakes
Diatoms as indicators of water-level change in freshwater lakes
Diatoms as indicators of hydrologic and climatic change in saline lakes
Diatoms in ancient lakes
Diatoms as Indicators in Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Lacustrine Environments
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in subarctic and alpine regions
Freshwater diatoms as indicators of environmental change in the High Arctic
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in Antarctic and subantarctic freshwaters
Diatoms as Indicators in Marine and Estuarine Environments
Diatoms and environmental change in large brackish-water ecosystems
Applied diatom studies in estuaries and shallow coastal environments
Estuarine paleoenvironmental reconstructions using diatoms
Diatoms on coral reefs and in tropical marine lakes
Diatoms as indicators of former sea levels, earthquakes, tsunamis and hurricanes
Marine diatoms as indicators of modern changes in oceanographic conditions
Holocene marine diatom records of environmental change
Diatoms as indicators of paleoceanographic events
Reconsidering the meaning of biogenic silica accumulation rates in the glacial Southern Ocean
Other Applications
Diatoms of aerial habitats
Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in wetlands and peatlands
Tracking fish, seabirds, and wildlife population dynamics with diatoms and other limnological indicators
Diatoms and archaeology
Diatoms in oil and gas exploration
Forensic science and diatoms
Toxic marine diatoms
Diatoms as markers of atmospheric transport
Diatoms as nonnative species
Diatomite
Stable isotopes from diatom silica
Diatoms and nanotechnology: early history and imagined future as seen through patents
Conclusions
Epilogue: a view to the future
Glossary, acronyms, and abbreviations
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521509961
ISBN-10: 0521509963
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 686
Published: 8th November 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 28.2 x 22.5  x 3.6
Weight (kg): 2.11
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised