The chapters of this book have diverse origins. They were written over the period 1954-1984. Several (i.e., three, four, seven, and ten) were originally published in scholarly journals. Several (i.e., one, eight, nine, and eleven) are excerpts from my previous books: Soldiers of the States and Federalism: Origin, Operation and Significance. And several (i.e., two, five, and six) were written for conferences and are now published here for the first time. Despite the fact that this history suggests they are quite unrelated, these chapters do indeed center on one theme: the continuity of American federalism. In order to emphasize that theme, I have written an introduction and an initial commentary for each chapter. These commen- taries, taken together, with the introduction, constitute the exposition of the theme. Some of these chapters (four, six, and ten) were written with my students, Ronald Schaps, John Lemco, and William Bast. They did much of the research and analysis so the credit for these chapters belongs to them as much as to me. Chapter five is based quite closely on William Paul Alexander's dissertation for the Ph. D. degree at the University of Rochester, 1973.
I The Origins of Federal Governments.- 1 The Origin of Federal Government.- 2 The Invention of Centralized Federalism.- 3 Dutch and American Federalism.- II The Measurement of Federalism.- 4 Disharmony in Federal Government.- 5 The Measurement of American Federalism.- 6 The Relation Between Structure and Stability in Federal Governments.- III Federal Institutions.- 7 The Senate and American Federalism.- 8 The Decline and Rise of the Militia.- 9 Administrative Centralization.- 10 Presidential Action in Congressional Nominations.- 11 Party Organization.