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The Demography of Corporations and Industries - Glenn R. Carroll

The Demography of Corporations and Industries

Paperback Published: 26th July 2004
ISBN: 9780691120157
Number Of Pages: 490

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Most analysts of corporations and industries adopt the focal perspective of a single prototypical organization. Many analysts also study corporations primarily in terms of their internal organizational structures or as complex systems of financial contracts. Glenn Carroll and Michael Hannan bring fresh insight to our understanding of corporations and the industries they comprise by looking beyond prototypical structures to focus on the range and diversity of organizations in their social and economic setting. The result is a rich rendering of analysis that portrays whole populations and communities of corporations.

"The Demography of Corporations and Industries" is the first book to present the demographic approach to organizational studies in its entirety. It examines the theory, models, methods, and data used in corporate demographic research. Carroll and Hannan explore the processes by which corporate populations change over time, including organizational founding, growth, decline, structural transformation, and mortality. They review and synthesize the major theoretical mechanisms of corporate demography, ranging from aging and size dependence to population segregation and density dependence. The book also explores some selected implications of corporate demography for public policy, including employment and regulation.

In this path-breaking book, Carroll and Hannan demonstrate why demographic research on corporations is important; describe how to conduct demographic research; specify fruitful areas of future research; and suggest how the demographic perspective can enrich the public discussion of issues surrounding the corporation in our constantly evolving industrial society. All researchers and analysts with an interest in this topic will find The Demography of Corporations and Industries an invaluable resource.

Industry Reviews

"Destined to become the standard reference ... Caroll and Hannan admirably chronicle the first steps toward legitimizing organizational demography as a distinct specialist form."--David Knoke, American Journal of Sociology "This is one of the most scientific textbooks in the field... [It] serves as an (almost) ideal example for students and scholars alike, and it is highly relevant for nearly everybody interested in organizations, policy, management, strategy, and contingency. Students of modernity will also find much of interest."--Jeroen Bruggeman, Contemporary Sociology "The Demography of Corporations and Industries [is] ... the reference book on the subject."--Hallie J. Kintner, Population Studies "A compelling contribution that is destined to be a mandatory addition to the bookshelves of the beginner and the advanced scholar and a testament to the vigor and reach of the ecological program of research."--Hayagreeva Rao, Administrative Science Quarterly

List of Figuresp. xi
List of Tablesp. xv
Prefacep. xix
Acknowledgmentsp. xxvii
The Case for Corporate Demographyp. 1
About Organizationsp. 3
Aging and Learningp. 3
Inertia and Changep. 5
Competitive Intensityp. 7
Global Competitionp. 9
Historical Efficiencyp. 11
Employment and Entrepreneurshipp. 12
A Look Aheadp. 14
The Demographic Perspectivep. 17
Demography of Business Organizationsp. 18
Organizing Principles of Demographyp. 25
Formal Demography and Population Studiesp. 26
Demographic Explanationp. 28
The Demography of the Work Forcep. 31
Internal Organizational Demographyp. 32
Toward a Corporate Demographyp. 35
Earlier Effortsp. 36
Retaining the Classical Structurep. 39
Making Demography Organizationalp. 40
A Research Strategyp. 56
Forms and Populationsp. 59
Population versus Formp. 60
Identity and Formp. 67
Codesp. 68
Organizational Formsp. 73
Organizational Populationsp. 74
Systems of Formsp. 76
Implications for Corporate Demographyp. 78
Methods of Corporate Demographyp. 83
Observation Plansp. 85
Designs in Organizational Researchp. 86
Trade-offs in Observation Plansp. 89
Impact of Observation Plansp. 95
Analyzing Vital Ratesp. 101
Event-History Designsp. 101
Stochastic-Process Modelsp. 110
Life-Table Estimationp. 117
Constant-Rate Modelsp. 127
Modeling Corporate Vital Ratesp. 135
Duration Dependencep. 135
Dependence on Covariatesp. 139
Note on Left Truncationp. 149
Comparing Designs by Simulationp. 150
Simulation Findingsp. 155
Demographic Data Sourcesp. 163
Criteria for Evaluating Sourcesp. 164
Commonly Used Sourcesp. 167
Using Multiple Sourcesp. 185
Data Realitiesp. 188
Population Processesp. 191
Organizational Environmentsp. 193
Telephone Companiesp. 194
Modeling Environmentsp. 197
Environmental Imprintingp. 205
Imprinting in High-Tech Firmsp. 207
Density-Dependent Processes Ip. 213
Models of Population Growthp. 214
Corporate Density Dependencep. 216
Theory of Density Dependencep. 222
Interpreting Density Dependencep. 228
Weighted Densityp. 232
Programmatic Issuesp. 236
Density-Dependent Processes IIp. 239
Density Delayp. 240
Population-Age Interactionsp. 243
Size Interactionsp. 251
Multilevel Processesp. 253
Segregating Processesp. 261
Resource Partitioningp. 262
Research on Partitioningp. 269
Size-Localized Competitionp. 274
Organizational Processesp. 279
Age-Dependent Processesp. 281
Models of Age Dependencep. 282
Age-Related Liabilitiesp. 288
Age and Growth Ratesp. 290
Theories of Age Dependencep. 291
Core Assumptionsp. 296
Liabilities of Newness and Adolescencep. 301
Liability of Senescencep. 303
Alignment, Drift, and Obsolescencep. 306
Liability of Obsolescencep. 309
Size Dependencep. 313
Size and Growth Ratesp. 315
Age, Size, and Mortalityp. 319
Automobile Manufacturersp. 322
Extending the Formalizationp. 331
Initial Mobilizingp. 339
Organizing Activitiesp. 340
Theoretical Argumentsp. 343
Automobile Preproducersp. 346
Organizational Transformationp. 357
Theory and Researchp. 358
Structural Inertiap. 362
Transformation and Mortalityp. 368
Innovation in Automobile Manufacturingp. 374
A Property-Based Formalization of Inertia Theoryp. 377
Selected Implicationsp. 381
Organization Theoryp. 383
Equilibrium Orientationp. 383
Alignment and Fitnessp. 385
Adaptation and Selectionp. 389
Speed and Efficiency of Changep. 393
Historical Efficiency and Competitionp. 397
Regulationp. 401
Early Telephonyp. 403
Interconnection Lawsp. 404
The Kingsbury Commitmentp. 406
Regulation and Deregulation in Bankingp. 411
System Dynamics after Deregulationp. 414
Deregulation and Organizational Growthp. 418
Employmentp. 423
Effects on Careersp. 424
Corporate Demography and Job Shiftsp. 425
Job Creation and Dissolutionp. 426
Corporate Demography and Individual Mobilityp. 429
Employment Benefits and Social Welfarep. 432
Effects of Careers on Corporate Demographyp. 437
Organizational Diversityp. 439
Beer and Wine Industriesp. 440
Diversity, Careers, and Inequalityp. 444
Toward a Community Ecology of Corporationsp. 451
Referencesp. 453
Indexp. 481
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691120157
ISBN-10: 0691120153
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 490
Published: 26th July 2004
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.61 x 14.99  x 3.3
Weight (kg): 0.77