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The Demographic Transition : Stages, Patterns, and Economic Implications - Jean-Claude Chesnais

The Demographic Transition

Stages, Patterns, and Economic Implications

Hardcover

Published: 17th December 1992
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Demographic transition constitutes one of the most fundamental modern historical changes; people live much longer, have fewer children, and experience higher mobility. This book examines the basic mechanisms behind the modernisation of demographic behaviour. The author has marshalled an impressive array of statistical material relating to sixty-seven countries, half of them less developed countries. Most of the tables are time-series, covering many decades and sometimes go back to the nineteenth, and even eighteenth centuries.
The whole sweep of western experience is dealt with here impartially. Though technically sophisticated, the book also covers issues of interpretation and analysis. The author puts forward a number of challenging propositions: mortality decrease is shown to necessarily precede fertility and decline, so-called execptions being simply false exceptions. He shows how the decline of fertility is dependent on important and manifold social transformations. The strong connections between international migration and the course of demographic transition are demonstrated, as is the fact that less developed countries are following the same general patterns as MDCs. There is also discussion of why the theory of demographic transition must include the effect of population changes on the economic progress of society.

`elegantly translated by Elizabeth and Philip Kreager ... the verdict on The Demographic Transition must be that it is an impressive landmark on the road to an uncertain destination ... Chesnais' Demographic Transition is an impressive achievement which will form an invaluable work of reference' John Landers, Times Literary Supplement `The assembly of data for 67 populations, including many 1dc's, is clearly a valuable contribution ... This book will be useful as a reference volume and a supplementary text on a central subject in the study of population. Its translation into English is very welcome.' European Journal of Population 'It is difficult to overstate the value of this massively documented and intellectually challenging book ... His emphasis on the need to reconstruct the routes of cultural diffusion as an aid to understanding the geography of the transition is likely to prove particularly rewarding. Chesnais provides a powerful and seemingly persuasive counter to those who see rapid population growth as a more or less persistent force for ill.' N.L. Tranter, University of Stirling, Economic History Society 1995 `Has been translated very successfully from French ... where data are available, it provides rich time series data on the trends it covers ... It is certainly a rich source and will retain this reference status for many years to come ... This is an impressive work.' The Economic Journal `It has been translated very successfully from French...where data are available, it provides rich time series data on the trends it covers. It is certainly a rich source and will retain this reference status for many years to come. This is an impressive work.' The Economic Journal

List of Figuresp. vii
List of Tablesp. ix
List of Abbreviationsp. xiii
Introduction: The 'Theory' of Demographic Transition: Its Conciseness, Diversity, and Flexibilityp. 1
Problems, Methods, and the Field of Enquiryp. 10
Stages of Demographic Transitionp. 27
Demographic Transition: The Current Positionp. 29
The Decline in Mortalityp. 47
The Fertility Declinep. 88
Divergence and Concordancep. 138
The Migration Transitionp. 153
The Notion of the Cycle in Demography: Is Post-transitional Fertility Cyclical?p. 190
Forms of Demographic Transitionp. 219
The Types of Demographic Transitionp. 221
Chronology and Typology of the Ageing of Populationsp. 284
The Transitional Multiplier of Populationp. 302
Industrial Revolution and Demographic Revolution in the Eighteenth Century: The French-English Paradoxp. 321
European Transitions from Malthus to Pincusp. 344
Contemporary Transitions: The Strength of the Modelp. 368
Revolution of Mental Attitudes and Demographic Revolutionp. 398
Economic Implications of Demographic Transitionp. 411
Economic Stagnation and Neo-Malthusianism: Two Falsely Opposed Modelsp. 413
Economic Progress and Demographic Transition in Poor Countries: Thirty Years of Experience, 1950-1980p. 431
Secular Growth in the Industrial Worldp. 447
Economic Breakthrough in Poor Countriesp. 487
General Conclusionp. 513
Appendices
Crude Birth-Ratesp. 517
Total Fertility Ratesp. 542
Crude Death-Ratesp. 555
Infant Mortality Ratesp. 579
Real Productp. 598
General Bibliographp. 617
Indexp. 623
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198286592
ISBN-10: 0198286597
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 646
Published: 17th December 1992
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 16.0  x 4.1
Weight (kg): 1.01