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The Cult of Asherah in Ancient Israel and Judah : Evidence for a Hebrew Goddess - Judith M. Hadley

The Cult of Asherah in Ancient Israel and Judah

Evidence for a Hebrew Goddess

Hardcover Published: 6th September 2000
ISBN: 9780521662352
Number Of Pages: 284

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Recent archaeological discoveries have encouraged scholars to reinvestigate the Israelite religion. In this book, Judith Hadley uses these discoveries, alongside biblical material and non-biblical inscriptions, to examine the evidence for the worship of Asherah as the partner of God in the Bible. By investigating the Khirbet al-Qom and Kuntillet 'Ajrud inscriptions, for example, where the phrase 'Yahweh and his Asherah' is frequently in evidence, the author asks what the ancient Israelites meant by this, how they construed the relationship between Yahweh and Asherah, and whether in fact the term actually referred to an object of worship rather than to a goddess. The author also evaluates more recent scholarship to substantiate her conclusions. This is a detailed and brilliant study which promises to make a significant contribution to the ongoing debate about the exact nature of Asherah and her significance in pre-exilic Israel and Judah.

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'An excellent work, the best of the half-dozen works on Asherah available in English.' Expository Times

List of figuresp. x
Acknowledgementsp. xi
List of abbreviationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
An introduction to asherahp. 4
Who or what is asherah?p. 4
Asherah as merely an objectp. 4
Asherah as both a goddess and her imagep. 7
A brief survey of previous researchp. 11
W. L. Reedp. 12
T. Yamashitap. 13
T. A. Hollandp. 15
A. L. Perlmanp. 16
J. R. Englep. 19
U. Winterp. 21
S. M. Olyanp. 23
R. J. Petteyp. 25
W. A. Maier IIIp. 27
S. Schroerp. 28
S. A. Wigginsp. 30
R. Hunziker-Rodewaldp. 32
C. Frevelp. 33
Final remarksp. 37
The goddess Athiratp. 38
Athirat in the Ugaritic literaturep. 38
Baal's housep. 39
The Keret epicp. 41
The origin and etymology of Athiratp. 43
Possible origin of the goddessp. 43
Etymologyp. 49
Asherah in the Biblep. 54
General introductionp. 54
The deuteronomistic influencep. 55
Asherim and Josiah's reformp. 57
The use of the definite article with asherahp. 59
Passages which may mention the goddessp. 63
Judges iii 7p. 63
I Kings xv 13 and II Chronicles xv 16p. 64
I Kings xviii 19p. 66
II Kings xxi 7p. 68
II Kings xxiii 4-7p. 71
Two passages which may allude to the goddessp. 75
Hosea xiv 9 (Eng. 8)p. 75
Amos viii 14p. 77
Conclusionp. 77
Inscription no. 3 from Khirbet el-Qomp. 84
Backgroundp. 84
Author's transcription and translationp. 86
Word dividersp. 86
Line 1p. 87
Line 2p. 89
Line 3p. 90
Line 4p. 100
Lines 5 and 6p. 101
The handp. 102
Final observationsp. 104
The finds from Kuntillet Ajrudp. 106
The nature of the sitep. 106
The inscriptionsp. 120
Inscription no. 1p. 121
Inscription no. 2p. 125
Inscription no. 3p. 129
Inscription on plasterp. 130
The drawingsp. 136
The 'Bes' figuresp. 137
The lyre playerp. 144
Concluding remarksp. 152
Other related findsp. 156
The finds from Lachishp. 156
The Late Bronze Age ewerp. 156
Other findsp. 161
The Pella cult standsp. 165
The Taanach cult standsp. 169
'Lapp's' standp. 169
'Sellin's' standp. 176
The Ekron inscriptionp. 179
The Jerusalem pomegranatep. 184
Conclusionsp. 187
Female figurinesp. 188
Plaque figurinesp. 188
'Concubine' figurinesp. 189
'Goddess' figurinesp. 191
Pillar figurinesp. 196
Conclusionp. 206
Bibliographyp. 210
Index of biblical passagesp. 235
Index of extra-biblical referencesp. 239
Index of modern authorsp. 241
General indexp. 245
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521662352
ISBN-10: 0521662354
Series: University of Cambridge Oriental Publications
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 284
Published: 6th September 2000
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.57 x 15.8  x 3.15
Weight (kg): 0.56

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