With the U.S.-led Operation Iraqi Freedom, we are reminded that almost one hundred years ago, Great Britain undertook a similar process of regime change and territorial reorganization in the same region of the world. In the thick of world conflict, with its strategic interests in the balance, the British had to begin planning for the aftermath of the World War that permitted the redrawing of borders and the creation of new political entities. One year after the beginning of World War I, preparations for a new strategic order in the Middle East were already underway. For the Allies -- Britain, France, and Russia -- the task was different from that of the United States today. Yet unlike the Coalition forces that in 2003 proclaimed the territorial integrity of Iraq, the British began from scratch: until 1921, the country of Iraq did not exist. How did this actually come about? And what were the reactions of the peoples living in that contested territory?
This collection of essays by leading scholars provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of Iraq's history and its strategic importance from three points of view: local residents, Iraq's neighbors (Iran, Turkey, and Kurdistan), and the Great Powers. The book captures the complexity of forces that contributed to the making of Iraq as a modern state, integrating short and long term policy, individual and group interests, and the impact of World War I. "The Creation of Iraq" helps readers to understand the dynamics and interplay of regional history and geo-strategic and imperial priorities in an area of the world that will continue to dominate international politics for years to come.
"Here is a well-executed collective effort to present...the Iraqi-British story...A succinct yet comprehensive account of this period." -- L. Carl Brown, Foreign Affairs "A concise and multifaceted overview of the circumstances that led to the creation of modern Iraq out of the ruins of the Ottoman empire." -Totalitarian Movements & Political Religions"
Preface, by Gary G. SickIntroduction, by Reeva S. Simon and Eleanor H. Tejirian1: The View from Basra: Southern Iraq's Reaction to War and Occupation, 1915-1925, by Judith S. Yaphe2: The View from Baghdad, by Reeva S. Simon3: Mosul Questions: Economy, Identity, and Annexation, by Sarah Shields4: The Evolution of the Iran-Iraq Border, by Lawrence G. Potter5:A Kemalist Gambit: A View of the Political Negotiations in the Determination of the Turkish-Iraqi Border, by David Cuthell6: Kurds and the Formation of the State of Iraq, 1917-1932, by M. R. Izady7: The Oil Resources of Iraq: Their Role in the Policies of the Great Powers, by George E. Gruen8: Russia from Empire to Revolution, by Peter J. Sinnott9: Britain, France, and the Diplomatic Agreements, by David Fromkin10: The United States, the Ottoman Empire, and the Postwar Settlement, by Eleanor H. TejirianPostscriptAdditional Readings
For Ages: 22+ years old
Number Of Pages: 181
Published: 1st December 2004
Publisher: COLUMBIA UNIV PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 20.98 x 14.53
Weight (kg): 0.24