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The Continuous and the Discrete : Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective - Michael J. White

The Continuous and the Discrete

Ancient Physical Theories from a Contemporary Perspective

Hardcover Published: 30th April 1992
ISBN: 9780198239529
Number Of Pages: 368

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The Continuous and the Discrete presents a detailed analysis of three ancient models of spatial magnitude, time, and local motion. Professor White connects the Aristotelian model, which represents spatial magnitude, time, and motion as infinitely divisible and continuous, with the standard ancient geometrical conception of extended magnitude. Thus the Aristotelian model is presented as the marriage of physical theory and mathematical orthodoxy. In the second half of the book the author discusses two ancient alternatives to the Aristotelian model: 'quantum' models, and a Stoic model according to which limit entities such as points, (one-dimensional) edges, and (two-dimensional) surfaces do not exist in (physical) reality. Both these alternative models deny the applicability of standard 'Euclidean' ancient geometry to the physical world. A unique feature of the book is the discussion of these ancient models within the context of later philosophical, scientific, and mathematical developments. A basic assumption of the author's approach is that such a contemporary perspective can deepen our understanding not only of ancient philosophy, physics, and mathematics, but also of later developments in the content and methodology of these disciplines.

`He is well aware of, and admirably avoids, the temptations and pitfalls inherent in this kind of approach. When he deals with the post-Aristotelian philosophers, his clarity and good judgement in regard to the scanty and treacherous evidence are particularly welcome ... A merit of this book is that it forces the reader to ask fundamental questions.' Times Higher Education Supplement 'an unusually productive approach to the history of philosophy, one that combines historical reconstruction through detailed technical analysis from within the perspective of the ancient theories ... One obvious conclusion of the book, built from many rigorous, subtle, and suggestive analyses, is that the principles of the continuous and the discrete have a wide range of significance for ancient and modern physical and mathematical analysis ... White has not disguised the intrinsically technical nature of his material, but he has explicated it clearly and usually succinctly, A modest amount of logical and mathematical notation is used, and his rigorous analysis is supported by a scattering of geometrical drawings and graphs.' Dirk D. Held, Connecticut College, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 3.6 (1992) 'Scholarly, provocative, and persuasive, this work is thoroughly professional' choice, January 1993 'This is a fascinating story, and White tells it well. White's reading of Aristotle is admirably sensitive to the detail of his problems, his methods and his solutions.' Nicholas Denyer, Trinity College, Cambridge, Mind, Vol. 102, No. 408, Oct '93 'This is an important book ... it is well argued and White displays good knowledge of modern literature on the matter.' Leo J. Elders, Institut voor Wysbegeerte en Theologie, Review of Metaphysics, March 1994 'His discussion reveals the conceptual assumptions underlying each position, and his conjectures ... are thought-provoking.' S. Leggatt, University of Reading, The Classical Review, Vol. XLIII, No. 2, 1993

I. Spatial magnitude, time, and motion: An Aristotelian model: Aristotle: The formal analysis of spatial magnitude and locomotion; Aristotle on time and locomotion: Physics and metaphysics; Aristotelian kinematics and non-locomotive Kineseis; Aristotle and the mathematicians, ancient and modern; II. Spatial magnitude, time, and motion: Alternatives to Aristotelianism; The quantum model: Spatial magnitude; The quantum model: Time and locomotion; The Stoic model; Peroration.

ISBN: 9780198239529
ISBN-10: 0198239521
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 368
Published: 30th April 1992
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 13.97  x 2.39
Weight (kg): 0.63