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The Constitution of Finland : A Contextual Analysis - Jaakko Husa

The Constitution of Finland

A Contextual Analysis

Paperback

Published: 30th November 2010
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Finland is a small modern Nordic country with a politically stable welfare system and a constitutional history dating back to the 1700s. The constitutional system, which contains features retained from the years of Swedish and Russian rule, was reconstituted by the arrival of independence in 1917, and was reformed by the Constitution Act (Perustuslaki) in 2000. The system, which is formally rigid but actually flexible, is characterized by unique tensions, including parliamentarism versus presidentialism, and a high level of constitutionalism versus the virtual absence of judicial review. This book - part of the Constitutional Systems of the World series by Hart Publishing, Oxford - offers an introduction to the history and current content of the Finnish Constitution, including chapters on the constitutional background, democratic institutions and their functions, judicial institutions and their role in securing the rule of law, fundamental rights, and future directions and challenges. The constitutional effect of the EU and the European Court of Human Rights are discussed, and, where appropriate, a comparative dimension is offered, providing a clearer view of the strengths and weaknesses of the Finnish system. The book is contextual and critical, providing students and teachers of constitutional law and politics with a reliable and concise resource which will facilitate understanding of the living Constitution and the debates surrounding it. It is written in an uncomplicated manner, with an emphasis on clarity, and includes lists for further reading and relevant websites at the end of each chapter.

Acknowledgementsp. v
Table of Casesp. ix
Table of Statutesp. xiii
Constitution In General Contextp. 1
Introductionp. 1
What is the Constitution in Finland?p. 2
Defining the Fieldp. 5
Short History of Finnish Constitutional Lawp. 11
Sources of Constitutional Lawp. 28
International and European Borderlinesp. 32
Conclusionp. 38
Further Readingp. 40
Institutional Designp. 41
Introductionp. 41
General Structure and Division of Powerp. 42
Conclusionp. 49
Further Readingp. 50
Legislative Power-The Parliamentp. 51
Introductionp. 51
Parliamentary Electionsp. 53
Parliament's Key-Functionsp. 64
Conclusionp. 84
Further Readingp. 85
Websitesp. 86
Executive Powerp. 87
Introductionp. 87
Governmentp. 87
Presidentp. 106
Conclusionp. 118
Further Readingp. 119
Websitesp. 119
Decentralised Governmentp. 121
Introductionp. 122
Local Governmentp. 122
Ă…land Islands: Federal Feature in Unitary State?p. 126
Conclusionp. 129
Further Readingp. 129
Websitesp. 129
Judicial Institutions and Their Functionsp. 131
Introductionp. 131
Finnish Rule of Lawp. 131
Judiciary and Judicial Organsp. 134
Supreme Courts and Constitutionally Relevant Case Lawp. 138
Other Forms of Ensuring Constitutionality: Overseeing Legalityp. 152
The Hierarchy of Norms and its Maintenance: Constitutional Judicial Reviewp. 157
Conclusionp. 164
Further Readingp. 166
Websitesp. 167
Fundamental Rights And Their Protectionp. 169
Introductionp. 169
Fundamental Rights: National and Internationalp. 170
System of Constitutional Rights and Freedomsp. 174
Conclusionp. 207
Further Readingp. 209
Websitesp. 210
Changing the Constitutionp. 211
Loose or Rigid Constitutionalismp. 212
Formal Versus Informal Changes of Constitutionp. 216
Controversy: The Role of Exceptive Actsp. 227
Conclusionp. 232
Further Readingp. 234
Challenges and Future Directionsp. 235
Constitutional Luck?p. 23o
Present State and Controversiesp. 239
Conclusion: Future Prospectsp. 244
Indexp. 247
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781841138541
ISBN-10: 1841138541
Series: Constitutional Systems of the World
Audience: BAC
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 30th November 2010
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.3 x 13.9  x 1.5
Weight (kg): 0.35
Edition Number: 1