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The Community Justice Ideal : Urban Policy Challenges - Todd R. Clear

The Community Justice Ideal

Urban Policy Challenges

Paperback Published: 13th August 1999
ISBN: 9780813367668
Number Of Pages: 207

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Over the past quarter-century, U.S. politicians have responded to the public's fear of crime by devoting ever more resources to building and strengthening the criminal justice apparatus, which as a result has grown tremendously in size and cost. Policymakers have also taken steps to toughen procedures for dealing with suspects and criminals, and broaden legal definitions of what constitutes crime, which has led to the incarceration, under harsher-than-ever conditions, of a record-high percentage of the U.S. population. Yet public confidence in the criminal justice apparatus is, if anything, lower than ever before, and fear of crime continues to be high.In recent years, some activists, scholars, criminal-justice officials, and politicians have begun to call for a reexamination of "get-tough" crime policies. A more sensible approach to crime, they argue, would focus on "community justice"--that is, on building healthy communities in which criminality cannot take root, and on making citizens and criminal-justice into partners rather than adversaries. In this thought-provoking study, Todd Clear and David Karp provide both a broad theoretical analysis of this ideal, and a close examination of a range of attempts to put it into practice in communities throughout the country. They conclude that by making the criminal justice system and the public into partners rather than adversaries, community-justice strategies for dealing with crime are both more effective and more resource-efficient than the failed "get-tough" approach.

List of Tables and Illustrationsp. vii
Introductionp. 1
Community Justice: A Thought Experimentp. 2
Community Justice: Can It Work?p. 12
The Community Justice Movementp. 15
Recent Innovationsp. 16
Elements of Community Justicep. 24
Questions About Community Justicep. 32
Crime, Community, and Criminal Justicep. 37
Community Contextp. 40
Community Actionp. 42
Quality of Community Lifep. 44
Criminal Justice Responsep. 47
Ways Out of the Cyclep. 52
A Positive View of Community Lifep. 59
What Is Community?p. 59
Convergent and Divergent Experiences of Communityp. 61
Contemporary Selves, Contemporary Societyp. 63
Modern Justice and the Social Selfp. 68
Community Mechanismsp. 75
The Adversarial Model and Community Idealsp. 79
Conclusionp. 81
Principles of a Democratic Community Justicep. 83
Crime: The Shattering of Communityp. 84
Recovering Communityp. 87
The Tasks of Parties to Criminal Incidentsp. 88
The Role of the Justice Systemp. 92
The Justice System and the Offenderp. 97
Risk and Community Justicep. 100
The Community Justice Processp. 104
Principles of Egalitarian Community Justicep. 107
Four Principles of Egalitarian Justicep. 108
Equalityp. 111
Inclusionp. 115
Mutualityp. 119
Stewardshipp. 124
Conclusionp. 126
Realizing Community Justicep. 129
Identifying Communitiesp. 130
Clarifying Legal Rightsp. 133
Fostering Community Developmentp. 135
Monitoring and Supervising Offenders in the Communityp. 137
Decentralizing Authority and Accountabilityp. 138
Mobilizing and Representing the Communityp. 141
Funding New Practicesp. 144
Defining Organizational Compositionp. 146
Conclusionp. 149
Evaluating Community Justice Initiativesp. 151
Democratic Principlesp. 152
Egalitarian Principlesp. 163
Conclusionp. 173
Referencesp. 177
Indexp. 191
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813367668
ISBN-10: 0813367662
Series: Urban Policy Challenges
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 207
Published: 13th August 1999
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.22 x 15.19  x 1.32
Weight (kg): 0.32
Edition Number: 1