If nothing else, the twelve papers assembled in this volume should lay to rest the idea that the interesting debates about the nature of science are still being conducted by "internalists" vs. "externalists,"" rationalists" vs. "arationalists, n or even "normative epistemologists" vs. "empirical sociologists of knowledge. " Although these distinctions continue to haunt much of the theoretical discussion in philosophy and sociology of science, our authors have managed to elude their strictures by finally getting beyond the post-positivist preoccupation of defending a certain division of labor among the science studies disciplines. But this is hardly to claim that our historians, philosophers, sociologists, and psychologists have brought about an "end of ideology," or even an "era of good feelings," to their debates. Rather, they have drawn new lines of battle which center more squarely than ever on practical matters of evaluating and selecting methods for studying science. To get a vivid sense of the new terrain that was staked out at the Yearbook conference, let us start by meditating on a picture. The front cover of a recent collection of sociological studies edited by one of us (Woolgar 1988) bears a stylized picture of a series of lined up open books presented in a typical perspective fashion. The global shape comes close to a trapezium, and is composed of smaller trapeziums gradually decreasing in size and piled upon each other so as to suggest a line receding in depth. The perspective is stylized too.
One Mapping the Study of Scientific Cognition.- The Units of Analysis in Science Studies.- Contributions of Psychology to an Integrative Science Studies: The Shape of Things to Come.- Two Models for Studying Scientific Cognition.- Error and Scientific Reasoning: An Experimental Inquiry.- Scientific Cognition: Hot or Cold?.- Tacit Knowledge and the Project of Computer Modelling Cognitive Processes in Science.- Three The Modularity of Scientific Cognition.- Granny, the Naked Emperor and the Second Cognitive Revolution.- Cognitive Process and Social Practice: The Case of Experimental Macroscopic Physics.- Four Language as an Indicator of Scientific Cognition.- Models of Language Learning and their Implications for Social Constructionist Analyses of Scientific Belief.- Professor Campbell on Models of Language-Learning and the Sociology of Science: A Reply.- Reductionist Rhetoric: Expository Strategies and the Development of the Molecular Neurobiology of Behavior.- Five The Prospects for an Integration of Approaches.- Representation, Cognition and Self: What Hope for an Integration of Psychology and Sociology?.- Integrating the Science Studies Disciplines.- Participants at the Yearbook Conference.
Series: Topics in the Neurosciences
Number Of Pages: 260
Published: 31st July 1989
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.57