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The Cognitive Paradigm : Sociology of the Sciences Monographs - Marc de Mey

The Cognitive Paradigm

Sociology of the Sciences Monographs

Paperback

Published: 1984
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In this study of the cognitive paradigm, De Mey applies the study of computer models of human perception to the philosophy and sociology of science.

He (De Mey) has brought together an unusually wide range of material, and suggested some interesting lines of thought, about what should be an important application of cognitive science: The understanding of science itself.' Cognition and Brain Theory ...a valuable contribution to the literature of cognitive science, computer science, information science, sciences of science, philosophy and the social sciences generally.' Scientometrics Every serious student of the social phenomenon of science is (therefore) advised to read this book with the closest attention.' 4 S Review

Introduction to the 1992 Edition
Preface
Introduction to the Cognitive View
The Development of the Cognitive Viewp. 3
Perception, Pattern Recognition and Picture-processingp. 5
Communication and Language Processingp. 11
The Generic Schemep. 16
World Views and Modelsp. 19
The Multiplicity of World Viewsp. 20
The Simplest Model of a World Viewp. 22
'Self' and 'I' as Parts of a World Viewp. 25
World Views as Social Entitiesp. 27
Combination and Interaction of World Viewsp. 30
Information Processing and Views on Sciencep. 33
A Prefatory Taskp. 36
Positivism as a Monadic Viewp. 38
Positivism and Scientismp. 38
Empiristic Units of Knowledgep. 40
Helmholtz's Cognitive Modelp. 41
Scientistic Metaphysicsp. 43
From Dualism to Neutral Monismp. 44
The Status of Conceptsp. 46
Scientific Concepts: Clusters of Monadsp. 47
Logical Positivism: A Structural Viewp. 50
The Structure of Natural Languagep. 51
The Logical Reconstruction of Languagep. 54
The Emphasis of Structurep. 56
The Logical Positivist Model of Scientific Theoryp. 58
Logical Positivist Philosophy of Sciencep. 59
Contexts of Science: Sciences of Sciencep. 63
Merton's Norms of Sciencep. 63
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factorsp. 67
The Personality of the Scientistp. 71
The Multiplicity of Arguments in the History of Sciencep. 75
The Multiplicity of Scopes in History of Sciencep. 76
The Science of Sciencep. 78
The Cognitive View on Science: Paradigmsp. 82
An Integrated Approach to the Copernican Revolutionp. 82
The Standard Account of the Kuhnian Modelp. 84
Paradigms as Cognitive Unitsp. 89
Conceptual Schemes and the Functions of Paradigmsp. 93
Disciplinary Matrix and Exemplarp. 96
The Social Nature of Paradigmsp. 100
Paradigm-studiesp. 102
The Social Structure of Science
Bibliometrics and the Structure of Sciencep. 111
Bibliometrics and Research on Sciencep. 111
The Growth of Sciencep. 112
The Detection of Growth Points and Secondary Literaturep. 115
The Metabolism of Growth and Primary Literaturep. 119
Citation Networksp. 124
Co-citation Clusteringp. 125
Bibliometrics and Scientometricsp. 130
Informal Groups and the Origin of Networksp. 132
Invisible Colleges and Specialtiesp. 133
Characteristics of Invisible Collegesp. 135
Invisible Colleges and Small Groupsp. 136
Communication Patterns and Information Flowp. 138
Interdisciplinarity and the Origin of Specialtiesp. 140
Migrations into Psychology: Two Examplesp. 142
Innovation and Discipleshipp. 145
The Life Cycle of Scientific Specialtiesp. 148
The Stages of the Specialty Life Cyclep. 149
Regulative Mechanisms and Growthp. 154
Finalization: Cognitive and Social in Sequence?p. 159
Escalatory Expansion of Diffusion Studiesp. 162
Forms of Specialties and Patterns of Life Cyclesp. 165
Social Studies of Sciencep. 168
Cognitive Structure and Dynamics of Science
Paradigms and the Psychology of Attention and Perceptionp. 173
Gestalt Perception and Gestalt Switch as Examplesp. 175
Perception and Selective Attentionp. 176
A Stratified Model of Perceptionp. 182
Interactive and Integrative Processes in Perceptionp. 189
Analysis of a Gestalt Switch in Science: Harvey's Discoveryp. 192
Puzzle-solving and Reorganization of World Viewsp. 202
Framesp. 205
Defaults and Exemplarsp. 208
Problem-solving and Debuggingp. 211
Puzzle-solving and Heterarchical Controlp. 212
Procedural Aspects of Scientific Knowledgep. 215
Self-world Segmentation and Compatibility of World Viewsp. 218
Paradigms and Perspectivesp. 222
Conservation and the Dynamics of Conceptual Systemsp. 227
Scientific Knowledge and Children's Conceptsp. 228
Action and Adaptationp. 230
Table Tennis Ball Expertisep. 233
Piaget's Stages and the Finalization-modelp. 237
Conservation and Closure of Conceptual Systemsp. 238
Harvey: Conservation of the Blood?p. 241
Perspectives on an Objectp. 244
Paradigms and Developmentp. 247
Individual Discovery and Social Successp. 248
Epiloguep. 252
Notesp. 260
Bibliographyp. 283
Indexp. 304
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789027716002
ISBN-10: 9027716005
Series: Sociology of the Sciences Monographs
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 314
Published: 1984
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.8
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Type: New edition