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The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960 : The MIT Press - Eric Mumford

The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960

The MIT Press

By: Eric Mumford, Kenneth Frampton (Foreword by)

Paperback

Published: 9th September 2002
For Ages: 18+ years old
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CIAM (Congres Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne), founded in Switzerland in 1928, was an avant-garde association of architects intended to advance both modernism and internationalism in architecture. CIAM saw itself as an elite group revolutionizing architecture to serve the interests of society. Its members included some of the best-known architects of the twentieth century, such as Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, and Richard Neutra, but also hundreds of others who looked to it for doctrines on how to shape the urban environment in a rapidly changing world.In this first book-length history of the organization, architectural historian Eric Mumford focuses on CIAM's discourse to trace the development and promotion of its influential concept of the "Functional City." He views official doctrines and pronouncements in relation to the changing circumstances of the members, revealing how CIAM in the 1930s began to resemble a kind of syndicalist party oriented toward winning over any suitable authority, regardless of political orientation. Mumford also looks at CIAM's efforts after World War II to find a new basis for a socially engaged architecture and describes the attempts by the group of younger members called Team 10 to radically revise CIAM's mission in the 1950s, efforts that led to the organization's dissolution in 1959.

Mumford's detailed analyses provide a treasure trove for scholars and a stimulus for further research.-Anthony Alofsin, Times Literary Supplement

List of Illustrations
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introductionp. 1
Ciam, 1928-1930p. 9
Modern Architects' Congress, 1928p. 9
CIAM 1, La Sarraz, Switzerland, 1928p. 16
La Sarraz Declarationp. 24
CIAM 2, Frankfurt, 1929: The Existenzminimump. 27
Le Corbusier, the Green City, and His "Response to Moscow"p. 44
CIAM 3, Brussels, 1930: Rational Lot Developmentp. 49
The Functional City, 1931-1939p. 59
The Theme of the Functional Cityp. 59
Application Case: Barcelona, 1932p. 66
CIAM 4, 1933: The Functional Cityp. 72
CIAM, 1933-1936p. 91
CIAM 5, Paris, 1937: Dwelling and Recreationp. 104
Transplanting CIAM, 1: England, 1937-1942p. 117
Transplanting CIAM, 2: America and Europe, 1938-1939p. 123
CIAM and the Postwar World, 1939-1950p. 131
CIAM as Propaganda: Sert's Can Our Cities Survive?p. 131
The New York CIAM Chapter for Relief and Postwar Planning, 1943-1945p. 140
The New Monumentalityp. 150
Le Corbusier and ASCORAL, 1940-1946p. 153
CIAM, 1946-1947p. 159
The New Empiricismp. 163
CIAM 6, Bridgwater, England, 1947p. 168
CIAM 7, Bergamo, Italy, 1949p. 179
"Concerning Architectural Culture": Zevi's Critique of CIAMp. 198
From the "Heart of the City" to the End of CIAMp. 201
CIAM 8, Hoddesdon, England, 1951: The Heart of the Cityp. 201
In Search of "Habitat": Sigtuna, Sweden, 1952p. 215
CIAM 9, Aix-en-Provence, 1953: The Charter of Habitatp. 225
Team 10 and CIAM 10, Dubrovnik, 1956p. 238
CIAM '59 in Otterlo and the End of CIAMp. 258
After CIAMp. 267
Appendix: Chronology of CIAM and CIAM-CIRPAC Meetingsp. 275
Notesp. 277
Bibliographyp. 343
Figure Creditsp. 361
Indexp. 383
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262632638
ISBN-10: 0262632632
Series: The MIT Press
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 396
Published: 9th September 2002
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 17.8  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.79