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The Chemistry of Phosphate and Nitrogen Compounds in Sediments - H. L. Golterman

The Chemistry of Phosphate and Nitrogen Compounds in Sediments

Hardcover Published: 31st March 2004
ISBN: 9781402019517
Number Of Pages: 251

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Phosphate and nitrogen compounds control growth of vegetation in most, if not all, fresh, brackish or salt waters. This book deals with the processes constituting the cycles of the phosphate and nitrogen compounds in sediment and the phosphate equilibria between the sediment and the overlying water. Sediment, to a large extent, controls the P- and N concentrations and thus primary production. In most waters, too high concentrations of these compounds cause excessive growth of algae, causing so-called eutrophication. Abatement of this can only be achieved after a complete understanding of the quantitative role of sediment in the P- and N cycle. Thus, for the phosphate cycle the following processes are evaluated: - P-binding onto sediments, viz., onto iron hydroxide and calcium carbonate (limestone), Fractionation of phosphate in relation to its bioavailability, Release processes under anoxic and oxic conditions, and their dependence on pH changes, Further items taken into account, including the influence of drying of sediment and its resuspension by wind. For the nitrogen cycle, the following are discussed: - Ammonification of organically bound nitrogen, Nitrification and denitrific

From the reviews:

"This book is essential reading to anyone interested in lake nutrient dynamics, or in the palaeoenvironmental interpretation of sediment chemistry. ... I can recommend this book as a useful text for anyone with an interest in general palaeolimnology, providing a thorough review of current practical knowledge about nutrient dynamics in lakes, and how this ties in with sediment composition. It is also valuable reading to anyone starting out to study lake sediment chemistry ... ." (John Boyle, Journal of Paleolimnology, Vol. 38, 2007)

List of figures
List of tables
Preface
Glossary
Nature and properties of sedimentp. 1
Chemical composition of freshwaterp. 25
Sediment and the phosphate cycle. Part 1 - speciation, fractionation and bioavailabilityp. 51
Sediment and the phosphate cycle. Part 2 - release processp. 97
Sediment and the nitrogen cyclep. 135
Methodological aspectsp. 183
Referencesp. 209
Indexp. 239
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402019517
ISBN-10: 1402019513
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 251
Published: 31st March 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 1.27