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The Cambridge History of Science : Early Modern Science Volume 3 - Katharine Park

The Cambridge History of Science

Early Modern Science Volume 3

By: Katharine Park (Editor), Lorraine J. Daston (Editor), David C. Lindberg (Editor), Ronald L. Numbers (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 28th February 2014
ISBN: 9780521572446
Number Of Pages: 894

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The Cambridge History of Science, vol.3: Early Modern Science is a comprehensive account of knowledge of the natural world in Europe, ca. 1500-1700. Often referred to as the Scientific Revolution, this period saw major transformations in fields as diverse as anatomy and astronomy, natural history and mathematics. Articles by leading specialists describe in clear, accessible prose supplemented by extensive bibliographies, how new ideas, discoveries, and institutions shaped the ways in which nature came to be studied, understood, and used. Part I frames the study of 'The New Nature' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Part II surveys the 'Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge'. Part III treats the study of nature by discipline, following the classification of the sciences current in early modern Europe. Part IV takes up the implications of the new natural knowledge for religion, literature, art, gender, and European identity.

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'Undoubtedly this hefty volume is a necessary addition to the libraries of early modern scholars and to the bibliography of any course covering science in the early modern period. British Journal for the History of Science

List of Illustrationsp. xv
Notes on Contributorsp. xvii
General Editors' Prefacep. xxiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxvii
Introduction: The Age of the Newp. 1
The New Nature
Physics and Foundationsp. 21
Foundationsp. 22
The Aristotelian Frameworkp. 25
Renaissance Anti-Aristotelianisms: Chymical Philosophiesp. 29
Renaissance Anti-Aristotelianisms: The Italian Naturalistsp. 33
Renaissance Anti-Aristotelianisms: Mathematical Order and Harmonyp. 36
The Rise of the Mechanical and Corpuscular Philosophyp. 43
The Mechanical Philosophy: Theories of Matterp. 47
The Mechanical Philosophy: Space, Void, and Motionp. 52
The Mechanical Philosophy: Spirit, Force, and Activityp. 59
The Mechanical Philosophy: God and Final Causesp. 63
Beyond the Mechanical Philosophy: Newtonp. 66
Conclusion: Beyond Foundationsp. 68
Scientific Explanation from Formal Causes to Laws of Naturep. 70
Three Notable Changes in Early Modern Scientific Explanationsp. 70
Causality in the Aristotelian Traditionp. 73
God as a Final Cause and the Emergence of Laws of Naturep. 77
Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Efficient Causes among the Aristotelian Reformersp. 82
Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Efficient Causes among the Corpuscular Physicistsp. 87
Active and Passive Principles as a Model for Cause and Effectp. 93
The Meanings of Experiencep. 106
Experience and the Natural Philosophy of Aristotle in Early Modern Europep. 108
Experiences of Life and Healthp. 111
Experience and Natural History: Individuals, Species, and Taxonomyp. 115
Experience and the Mathematical Sciencesp. 119
Event Experiments and "Physico-mathematics"p. 124
Newtonian Experiencep. 126
Conclusionp. 130
Proof and Persuasionp. 132
Disciplinary Decorump. 134
Theories of Proof and Persuasionp. 138
Disciplinary Reconfigurationsp. 150
Mathematical Traditionsp. 154
Experimentp. 157
Probability and Certaintyp. 162
Proof and Persuasion in the Printed Bookp. 164
Proof, Persuasion, and Social Institutionsp. 168
Conclusionp. 174
Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge
The Man of Sciencep. 179
The University Scholarp. 182
The Medical Manp. 186
The Gentlemanp. 188
Women of Natural Knowledgep. 192
Learned Elitesp. 193
Artisansp. 199
Colonial Connectionsp. 201
Markets, Piazzas, and Villagesp. 206
Markets and Shopsp. 207
Natural Knowledge in the Piazzap. 213
Natural Knowledge in the Countryside and Villagesp. 217
Conclusion: Popular Culture and the New Philosophyp. 221
Homes and Householdsp. 224
Domestic Spacesp. 226
Natural Inquiry as a Family Projectp. 229
Dividing Labor in the Scientific Householdp. 233
Libraries and Lecture Hallsp. 238
The Classroomp. 240
The Libraryp. 244
Courts and Academiesp. 251
Science at Courtp. 253
Cabinets and Workshopsp. 263
From Court to Academyp. 267
Anatomy Theaters, Botanical Gardens, and Natural History Collectionsp. 272
Anatomizingp. 274
Botanizingp. 280
Collectingp. 283
Laboratoriesp. 290
Theory and Practicep. 293
Toward a New Epistemologyp. 295
Evolution of Laboratory Spacesp. 300
Experiment in the Laboratoryp. 302
Academic Institutionalization of the Laboratoryp. 304
Sites of Military Science and Technologyp. 306
Offensive Technologies: Gunpowder and Gunsp. 307
Defensive Technologies: Armor and Fortificationp. 313
Courtly Engineers and Gentleman Practitionersp. 317
Coffeehouses and Print Shopsp. 320
Printp. 322
Coffeep. 332
Audiences and Argumentsp. 339
Networks of Travel, Correspondence, and Exchangep. 341
The Expanding Horizon of Scientific Engagementp. 341
The Metrics of Scientific Practicep. 344
Correspondence Networks, Long-Distance Travel, and Printingp. 347
Virtual Spaces and Their Extensionp. 355
Conclusionp. 360
Dividing the Study of Nature
Natural Philosophyp. 365
The University Context of Natural Philosophyp. 366
Aristotelianism and the Innovations of the Renaissancep. 372
The Impact of the Reformations and Religious Concernsp. 379
New Observations and Practicesp. 384
Resistance to Radical Innovationp. 390
Forces for Change in the Seventeenth Centuryp. 393
The Origins of the Mechanical Philosophyp. 395
The Transformation of Natural Philosophy by Empirical and Mathematical Methodsp. 399
The Social Conventions of the New Natural Philosophyp. 403
Conclusionp. 405
Medicinep. 407
The Science of Physicp. 408
New Worlds, New Diseases, New Remediesp. 416
Toward Materialismp. 424
Conclusionp. 432
Natural Historyp. 435
The Revival of an Ancient Traditionp. 437
Words and Thingsp. 442
Things Without Namesp. 448
Sharing Informationp. 454
The Emergence of the Naturalistp. 459
Cosmographyp. 469
Cosmography before 1490p. 472
Globus mundi: Discoveries at Sea and the Cosmographic Revolution (1490-1510)p. 476
Cosmographia universalis: Cosmography as a Leading Science (1510-1600)p. 480
Geographia generalis: Toward a Science of Description and Measurement (1600-1700)p. 491
Experience and Progress: Contemporary Views of the Emergence of Geographyp. 494
From Alchemy to "Chymistry"p. 497
The Early Sixteenth Centuryp. 499
Paracelsusp. 502
Reaction to and Influence of Paracelsusp. 506
Transmutation and Matter Theoryp. 510
Schools of Thought in Early Modern Chymistryp. 513
Magicp. 518
Agrippa's Magic Manualp. 519
The Credibility of Magic: Text, Image, and Experiencep. 526
Magic on Trialp. 529
Virtues Dormitive and Visualp. 532
Magic Out of Sightp. 538
Astrologyp. 541
Astrology circa 1500: Intellectual and Institutional Structuresp. 542
Astrological Reformsp. 547
The Fate of Astrologyp. 552
The Eighteenth Century and Beyondp. 558
Astronomyp. 562
Astronomical Education in the Early Sixteenth Centuryp. 564
Renaissance Humanism and renovatiop. 565
Cracks in the Structure of Learningp. 569
The Reformation and the Status of Astronomyp. 573
Astrologyp. 577
Kepler's Revolutionp. 581
Galileop. 584
Descartes' Cosmologyp. 586
The Situation circa 1650: The Reception of Kepler, Galileo, and Descartesp. 587
Novae, Variable Stars, and the Development of Stellar Astronomyp. 590
Newtonp. 592
Conclusionp. 594
Acoustics and Opticsp. 596
Music Theory and Acoustics in the Early Modern Periodp. 597
The Sixteenth Century: Pythagorean and Aristoxenian Traditionsp. 598
The Birth of Acoustics in the Early Seventeenth Centuryp. 604
Developments in Acoustics in the Second Half of the Seventeenth Centuryp. 608
Optics in the Early Modern Period: An Overviewp. 611
Optics in the Sixteenth Centuryp. 612
Kepler's Contributions to Opticsp. 613
Refraction and Diffractionp. 618
Geometrical Optics and Image Locationp. 623
The Nature of Light and Its Speedp. 624
Newton's Theory of Light and Colorsp. 626
Conclusionp. 630
Mechanicsp. 632
Mechanical Traditionsp. 634
Studies on Motionp. 636
Motion and Mechanics in the Sixteenth Centuryp. 638
Galileop. 640
Reading Galileo: From Torricelli to Mersennep. 649
Descartes' Mechanical Philosophy and Mechanicsp. 653
Reading Descartes and Galileo: Huygens and the Age of Academiesp. 659
Newton and a New World Systemp. 664
Reading Newton and Descartes: Leibniz and His Schoolp. 668
The Mechanical Artsp. 673
The Mechanical Arts in 1500p. 677
Clocks and Other Celestial Instrumentsp. 679
Mathematical and Optical Instrumentsp. 683
Navigation, Surveying, Warfare, and Cartographyp. 686
Art and Naturep. 693
Pure Mathematicsp. 696
The Social Contextp. 697
Stimuli: Methods and Problemsp. 702
The Inherited Algebra and an Inherited Challengep. 708
The Reception of Euclid's Elementsp. 710
The Response to Advanced Greek Mathematics: The Apollonian, Archimedean, and Diophantine Traditionsp. 712
The Merging of Algebra and Geometryp. 714
The Calculusp. 718
Conclusion: Modernity and Contextp. 722
Cultural Meanings of Natural Knowledge
Religionp. 727
Theological and Intellectual Contexts: Sacred Message and Bodies of Knowledgep. 730
Religious Identities and Educational Reformsp. 735
From Copernicus to Galileo: Scientific Objects, Boundaries, and Authorityp. 740
Authorization and Legitimation: Science, Religion, and Politics in the Seventeenth Centuryp. 748
Conclusionp. 753
Literaturep. 756
Languagep. 759
Telescope, Microscope, and Realismp. 762
Plurality of Worlds: From Astronomy to Sociologyp. 764
Geography, Ethnography, Fiction, and the World of Othersp. 766
Antagonismsp. 770
Conclusionp. 771
Artp. 773
Naturalismp. 775
Scientific Illustrationp. 779
Anatomy Lessonsp. 782
The Artist as Scientistp. 786
Scientific Naturalismp. 791
Genderp. 797
Sex and Gender Difference in the Early Modern Periodp. 801
The Problem of Naturep. 810
Conclusionp. 815
European Expansion and Self-Definitionp. 818
Natural Knowledge and Colonial Science: Colleges of Higher Education and the Real y Pontificia Universidad de Mexico (1553)p. 821
Natural Knowledge and the Christian Mission: The Jesuits in Japan and Chinap. 827
Natural Knowledge in European Self-Definition and Hegemonyp. 836
Indexp. 841
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521572446
ISBN-10: 0521572444
Series: Cambridge History of Science Series : Book 3
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 894
Published: 28th February 2014
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 16.51  x 5.72
Weight (kg): 1.33

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