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The British Army, the Gurkhas and Cold War Strategy in the Far East, 1947-1954 : Studies in Military and Strategic History - Raffi Gregorian

The British Army, the Gurkhas and Cold War Strategy in the Far East, 1947-1954

Studies in Military and Strategic History

Hardcover Published: 10th May 2002
ISBN: 9780333801482
Number Of Pages: 335

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This book argues that postwar Britain's "imperial over-extension" has been exaggerated. Britain developed and adjusted its defense strategy based upon the perceived Communist threat and available resources. It was especially successful at adapting to meet the strategic and resource challenges from the Far East from 1947-54. There British and Gurkha forces were deployed only in contingencies that threatened vital British interests, while the US and Commonwealth allies were persuaded to accept key wartime missions, thus preserving Britain's ability to fight in Western Europe.

Industry Reviews

'...his writing is polished and accessible, his case is presented with seductive clarity, well illustrated by charts and maps. Above all he provides a compelling perspective on a neglected period of recent history whose lessons become increasingly relevant to our current security.' - Dr John Mackinlay, Centre for Defence Studies, RUSI Journal

List of Tablesp. ix
List of Figuresp. x
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Glossary of Abbreviationsp. xvi
Introductionp. 1
Sourcesp. 6
Approachp. 9
'Future Defence Policy': the Far East as Strategic Backwater, 1945-48p. 11
Introductionp. 11
Global strategyp. 18
From SEAC to FARELF: military strategy in the Far East, 1945-48p. 24
National Service, the Gurkhas and the Reorganization of the British Army, 1946-48p. 32
Development of the postwar British Armyp. 33
Filling the manpower gap: the origins of the British Army Gurkhasp. 36
GHQ FARELF, local forces, and the 'Gurkha Project'p. 42
Development of the Gurkha divisionp. 44
Teething pains: the Gurkhas arrive in Malayap. 46
The Brigade of Gurkhasp. 48
Conclusionp. 49
FARELF and the Malayan Emergency, 1948-50p. 51
The Communist threatp. 52
FARELF and the British responsep. 54
'Ferret Force'p. 58
Despatch of the 'fire brigade'p. 59
Trainingp. 61
The Gurkha Divisionp. 62
Local defense forcesp. 63
A new C-in-C shakes things upp. 65
A fillip to the MCP: Communist victory in Chinap. 67
Renewed call for reinforcementsp. 68
Conclusionp. 74
'To the Last Round': the Defense of Hong Kong, 1948-50p. 77
The 1946 Hong Kong defense policyp. 78
Rethinking Hong Kong defense policyp. 80
A Communist threat on the horizonp. 82
Colonial Office jittersp. 83
The garrison's role and the reinforcement dilemmap. 84
Assessing the strategic implicationsp. 87
HMS Amethyst and a brigade group for Hong Kongp. 90
Contemplating war with Chinap. 91
Scoping the effects of suppositional reinforcementsp. 93
The decision to defendp. 95
Thinking in the long termp. 98
Military preparations in Hong Kongp. 99
Thinking about Hong Kong in a global warp. 101
Hong Kong and British recognition of the People's Republicp. 102
Robbing Peter to pay Paulp. 105
Conclusionp. 107
Adapting to Reality: the Far East and Cold War Strategy, 1950-54p. 109
The strategic impact of a Communist China: the view from Whitehallp. 110
The view from Singaporep. 113
Singapore's call for coordinated containmentp. 114
The Colombo conferencep. 116
ANZAMp. 117
Updating Far East strategy and policyp. 118
The Far East and the 'global strategy and defence policy' of 1950p. 119
'In light of the present situation': updating DO(50)45p. 122
The strategic reappraisal of 1952p. 125
The 'Radical Review'p. 128
Conclusionp. 133
Between the American Scylla and Chinese Charybdis: Hong Kong, 1950-54p. 135
Hong Kong, FARELF and the Korean commitmentp. 136
Land forces for Koreap. 138
Reassessing the threatp. 142
Strategic deception and a new policy for Hong Kongp. 143
The United States, Hong Kong, and the war in Koreap. 147
Mixed signalsp. 148
Getting Hong Kong on the allied agendap. 151
'Indefensible'p. 152
The US and Hong Kong: from deception to commitment?p. 155
Five Power planning for Hong Kongp. 159
Reduction of the garrisonp. 161
Conclusionp. 163
Manpower, the Strategic Reserve and the Malayan Emergency, 1950-54p. 165
Malaya at the start of the Korean Warp. 166
Malaya, colonial troops, and the new strategic reservep. 167
A Federation Armyp. 169
India, Nepal and the British Army Gurkhasp. 172
The Communist campaign against the British Gurkhasp. 175
The end of the Gurkhas?p. 176
Conclusionp. 178
Siam and the Commonwealth Defense of Malayap. 180
Siam in relation to the defense of Malayap. 181
The 'Songkhla position'p. 182
Planning begins under changing strategic assumptionsp. 185
Plan Ironyp. 187
Revised force requirementsp. 188
A change in Allied strategy and new thinking about reinforcementsp. 189
The role of deceptionp. 190
Plan Ringletp. 191
Ministerial briefingp. 192
Reassessing the initiating triggersp. 193
The improving situation in Siamp. 194
Plan Warriorp. 196
A Commonwealth role in the defense of Malayap. 198
Conclusionp. 200
Limited Liability and the Defense of Southeast Asia, 1950-54p. 203
The importance of French Indochina to British Southeast Asiap. 204
American aid for Indochinap. 205
Thinking about collective securityp. 206
Tripartite talksp. 209
The effects of a possible French withdrawal in 1952p. 212
Five Power Staff Agency (FPSA)p. 214
Dien Bien Phu and the American call for 'united action'p. 215
The US request for British interventionp. 218
The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treatyp. 221
Conclusionp. 222
Conclusionp. 225
Strategic sufficiencyp. 230
Epiloguep. 234
Notesp. 237
Select Bibliographyp. 308
Indexp. 323
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333801482
ISBN-10: 0333801482
Series: Studies in Military and Strategic History
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 335
Published: 10th May 2002
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.35 x 14.73  x 2.9
Weight (kg): 0.66
Edition Number: 1

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