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The Black Box of Governmental Learning : The Learning Spiral -- A Concept to Organize Learning in Governments - World Bank

The Black Box of Governmental Learning

The Learning Spiral -- A Concept to Organize Learning in Governments

Paperback Published: 6th June 2010
ISBN: 9780821384534
Number Of Pages: 183

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There are more poor people around the world than ever before. One of the missing factors in efforts to address poverty and increase sustainable development is adequate governmental capacity development. One effective means to improve the quality of democratic governance is by learning from the past and from others' experiences. The Black Box of Governmental Learning introduces the Learning Spiral---a new concept for organizing effective learning events for governments in the 21st century. It helps governments to learn from each other. This theory-based concept has been applied successfully over the past decade in numerous conferences, training, and e-learning events all over the world. The book is directed toward practitioners in governments, such as members of cabinets, parliaments, and courts; civil servants and politicians; civil society organizations; and international organizations. It will help them understand the challenges of learning in governments and offers a concept for organizing effective learning events

"This event [which featured the Learning Spiral] offered my delegation a golden opportunity to obtain answers through detailed discussions with eminent politicians, civil servants, judges from the state and federal level as well as scholars....After examining the experiences of the judiciaries in Swiss, Brazilian, Indian, and Nigerian federations, I can say that we benefit from these and use some of their rules when forming the federal and regional judiciary in Iraq."---Medhat Al Mahmoud, Chief Justice of the Federal Supreme Court and President of the Higher Judicial Council of Iraq

"The workshop was helpful in shedding light on questions of public sector reform by providing the opportunity to discuss experiences of other countries in Africa....I was very much impressed by the management of the workshop process, where an enormous number of lessons and future actions were covered only within the two days. The workshop discussions and resulting materials will remain valuable for me and other practitioners of public sector reform in the Ethiopian government."---Ato Ahmed Mohammed Ali, Director of Planning and Programming Directorate, Ministry of Capacity Building, Government of Ethiopia

"It is not surprising that the [Learning Spiral] has become a useful tool for practitioners and academics alike to acquire a comparative view of a variety of solutions federal governments typically encounter. It encourages participating practitioners and scholars to use the knowledge they gained to inspire new solutions, thereby improving democratic governance."---Arnold Koller, Former President of Switzerland

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Executive Summaryp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Why Learning in Governments?p. 1
A Concept to Organize Learning in Governmentsp. 3
Outline of the Bookp. 5
Analytical and Theoretical Considerationsp. 9
Analytical Concepts of Governmental Learningp. 11
Historical Analysisp. 11
Originsp. 12
Learning Approachesp. 16
Today's Practicesp. 19
Learning Approaches Todayp. 20
Practical Applicationp. 24
Types of Eventsp. 29
Particularities and Lessonsp. 34
Particularities and Barriersp. 34
Lessons from Past and Current Practicesp. 39
Theoretical Concepts of Governmental Learningp. 43
Democratic Government, Democratic Governance, and Governmental Learningp. 43
Concepts of Democratic Government and Democratic Governancep. 44
Policy Analysis and Governmental Learningp. 47
Knowledge in Democratic Governancep. 49
Concepts of Knowledge Creationp. 50
Knowledge Creation in Democratic Governancep. 53
Learning Theoriesp. 57
Individual Learningp. 58
Organizational Learningp. 62
A New Concept of Governmental Learning-The Learning Spiralp. 67
Learning System and Learning Processp. 67
Learning Systemp. 68
The Learning Process and Its Methodologyp. 69
Stages of the Learning Spiralp. 73
Conceptualizationp. 73
Triangulationp. 74
Accommodationp. 76
Internalizationp. 77
Externalizationp. 78
Reconceptualizationp. 80
Transformationp. 81
Configurationp. 82
Practice of the Learning Spiralp. 84
Template and Organizationp. 84
Evaluation and Results Frameworkp. 88
Practical Applicationp. 93
International Conferencep. 95
Conference Reader-Conceptualization Stagep. 95
Sixty Federal and Decentralized Countries-Triangulation Stagep. 97
Introduction of the Conference Reader-Accommodation Stagep. 98
Work Sessions-Internalization Stagep. 99
Dialogue Tables-Externalization Stagep. 101
Expert Summaries-Reconceptualization Stagep. 104
Interactive Plenary Panels-Transformation Stagep. 104
Conference Proceedings-Configuration Stagep. 105
Final Comments and Evaluationp. 105
Reflections from Robert D. Ebel, Deputy Chief Financial Officer and Chief Economist of the Washington, DC, Governmentp. 107
Reflections from Bob Rae, Former Premier of Ontario and Current Member of the Parliament of Canadap. 109
Multiyear Global Program Roundtablesp. 111
Theme Template-Conceptualization Stagep. 112
Twelve Federal Countries-Triangulation Stagep. 113
Program Manual-Accommodation Stagep. 113
Country Roundtables-Internalization Stagep. 114
International Roundtable-Externalization Stagep. 114
Theme Paper-Reconceptualization Stagep. 116
Online Discussion Forum-Transformation Stagep. 117
Handbook and Booklet Series-Configuration Stagep. 117
Final Comments and Evaluationp. 118
Reflections from Arnold Koller, Former President of Switzerlandp. 119
Study Tourp. 123
2005 Iraqi Constitution-Conceptualization Stagep. 123
Four Judiciary Systems-Triangulation Stagep. 124
Study Tour Program-Accommodation Stagep. 125
Field Trips-Internalization Stagep. 126
Reflection Sessions-Externalization Stagep. 127
Vision of Iraqi Judiciary System-Reconceptualization Stagep. 127
Political Roadmap-Transformation Stagep. 128
CD-ROM-Configuration Stagep. 128
Final Comments and Evaluationp. 129
Reflections from Medhat Al Mahmoud, Chief Justice of the Federal Supreme Court and President of the Higher Judicial Council of Iraqp. 130
Evaluation-Based Workshopp. 133
Four Evaluation Reports-Conceptualization Stagep. 134
Eight African Countries-Triangulation Stagep. 135
Concept Note and Guidance Note-Accommodation Stagep. 135
Plenary Sessions-Internalization Stagep. 137
Breakout Groups-Externalization Stagep. 138
Review of Evaluation Reports-Reconceptualization Stagep. 139
Action Plan-Transformation Stagep. 139
Brochure-Configuration Stagep. 139
Final Comments and Evaluationp. 140
Reflections from Ato Ahmed Mohammed Ali, Director of Planning and Programming Directorate, Ministry of Capacity Building of the Government of Ethiopiap. 141
Multimedia Training and E-Learning Initiativep. 145
Core Learning Components-Conceptualization Stagep. 146
Global Target Audience-Triangulation Stagep. 147
Users' Manual-Accommodation Stagep. 148
Online Questionnaire-Internalization Stagep. 149
Online Dialogue Exchange-Externalizationp. 150
Process Monitoring-Reconceptualization Stagep. 152
Scenario Exercises and Rapid Results Approach-Transformation Stagep. 152
Revision of CLCs-Configuration Stagep. 154
Final Comments and Evaluationp. 154
Reflections from Govindan G. Nair, Lead Economist, Public-Private Partnerships, World Bank Institutep. 155
Conclusions and Outlookp. 157
Conclusionsp. 157
Outlookp. 159
Bibliographyp. 163
List of Boxes, Figures, Tables, and Picturesp. 179
Author Biographiesp. 183
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821384534
ISBN-10: 0821384538
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 183
Published: 6th June 2010
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 15.19  x 1.09
Weight (kg): 0.28

Earn 139 Qantas Points
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