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The Birth of Nobility : Constructing Aristocracy in England and France, 900-1300 - David Crouch

The Birth of Nobility

Constructing Aristocracy in England and France, 900-1300

Paperback Published: 1st July 2005
ISBN: 9780582369818
Number Of Pages: 384

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The history of medieval aristocracy is in crisis, collapsing under the weight of three centuries of work and confused by separate and mutually uncomprehending Anglophone and Francophone historiographies. David Crouch lucidly summarises and analyses this enormous international field of publications, unpicking the basic assumptions behind both national traditions in order to explain and reconcile them. He offers new ways to take the study of aristocracy forward in both England and France. The Birth of Nobility breaks down the study of medieval aristocracy into four debates on noble conduct, noble lineage, noble class and noble power. Each is subjected to a thorough review by comparing current scholarship with a vast range of historical source material. This is the first attempt to reconcile British and French ideas about aristocracy and shape them into a new debate. Supported by illustrations, this book: - Redirects the historiography concerning aristocracy - offers an original analysis of the nature of aristocracy and how it might be defined - discovers and explains for the first time the origins of chivalry - disposes of the myths around concepts like 'feudalism' and 'primogeniture' David Crouch is Professor of Medieval History at the University of Hull. He is an authority on twelfth- and thirteenth-century English, Welsh and Norman history and his numerous books on aristocracy and Anglo-Norman History include The Beaumont Twins (1986); The Image of Aristocracy in Britain, 1000-1300 (1992); William Marshal (2002); The Reign of King Stephen, 1135-1154 (20000) and The Normans: the History of a Dynasty (2002).

" Under the broad headings of conduct, descent, class and lordship, shows how scholarship over the past centuries has resulted in the perceptions today." "British and Irish Bibliography"

List of platesp. x
Acknowledgementsp. xi
Forewordp. xii
Introductionp. 1
Noble Conductp. 5
Reconstructing Chivalryp. 7
Preaching Chivalryp. 8
Chivalry in Retreat, 1884-1984p. 14
Towards Secularism: The Kingdom of Courtlinessp. 21
From Preudommie to Chevaleriep. 29
Noble Conduct before Chivalry: The Preudommep. 30
Courtliness and the Court before 1170p. 37
Creating Chivalry: the Noble Habitusp. 46
The Appearance of the Code of Chivalry, 1170-1220p. 80
Out of the Iron Agep. 87
Noble Descentp. 97
Constructing Familiesp. 99
The Age of Durkheim: The 'Law' of Family Contractionp. 101
The Age of Levi-Strauss: Unstructuring Familiesp. 110
Noble Primogeniture and Lineage in Englandp. 116
New Models of Noble Lineagep. 121
The Power of Lineagep. 124
Lineage and the Search for Distinctionp. 124
Parage and the Search for Securityp. 135
Defending Lineage and Paragep. 148
Inventing Snobberyp. 156
The Evidence of Heraldryp. 156
The Evidence of Deathp. 162
The Evidence of Literaturep. 167
Noble Classp. 171
Historians and Noble Classp. 173
The British and Classp. 174
Explaining Class Formationp. 180
Transforming Societyp. 191
A New Theory of Class Formation: 'Cultural Diffusion'p. 207
Class Mobilityp. 213
Medieval People and Social Divisionp. 222
Religious Models of Societyp. 223
Materialistic Divisionsp. 228
Early Social Categoriesp. 232
Inventing Social Boundariesp. 238
The Precocity of Englandp. 253
Noble Lordshipp. 259
The Feudal Debatep. 261
Enlightenment and Romantic Feudalismsp. 261
Britain and the Feudal System after 1900p. 265
French Feudalismp. 273
Power and Structuresp. 279
The Honorp. 280
Locality: Community and Affinityp. 292
Comparing France and Englandp. 297
Noble Women: The View from the Standsp. 303
Women in Historiographyp. 304
The Minimalist Viewp. 308
Maximising the Viewp. 313
Women at Largep. 319
Select Bibliographyp. 323
Indexp. 355
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780582369818
ISBN-10: 0582369819
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 384
Published: 1st July 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.58
Edition Number: 1