The Battle of Pozieres has reverberated throughout Australia's military history, long regarded as a costly battle that produced little meaningful gain. Pozieres was characterised by the most intense artillery bombardment the Australians had experienced in the war thus far and 'the hell that was Pozieres' became the yardstick by which subsequent bombardments were measured. The 13th Battalion's Frank Massey described men who became 'blithering idiots ... Crying and weeping and - absolutely useless as a fighting man.'
The object of the battle was Pozieres Ridge, a low rise that offered a good view of the German positions. Heavily fortified, the ridge and the pulverised remains of the village were contested bitterly and, during its six-week campaign, 1st Anzac Corps advanced little more than two miles and suffered 23,000 casualties. Charles Bean wrote that 'Australian troops ... fell more thickly on this ridge than on any other battlefield of the war.'
However, the first phase of the campaign was very successful, securing the fortified ruins of Pozieres and the German second line. But follow-up operations failed to capitalise and subsequent assaults merely nibbled away at enemy positions without making significant headway.
Yet the Battle of Pozieres marks a significant achievement not only for 1st Anzac Corps, but for the British Expeditionary Force.
In a war in which any advance was hard won, the wresting of the high ground from the Germans was crucial. For the battered Allied forces, the capture of Pozieres Ridge provided faint hope of an end to a catastrophic war.
About the Author
- 21th volume of the highly successful Australian Army Campaign Series.
- Full colour with low RRP of $19.99 provides great value for money.
- Release to coincide with the 100 year anniversary of the end of the First World War.
- National PR campaign targeting Australia’s leading Military – History Magazines and Journals – physical and online.
- Advertised in trade publications – InCite Magazine, Good Reading and B+P Magazine.
- Mainstream Capital City newspaper book reviews and ABC local and national radio for author interviews.
Dr Meleah Hampton is an historian in the Military History Section, Australian War Memorial, where she has worked since March 2013. She is a graduate of the University of Adelaide and completed her PhD with a thesis on the 1916 battles for Pozières and Mouquet Farm. Her primary interest is in the operational conduct of the First World War on the Western Front. She is a member of the editorial staff of the Memorial’s magazine, Wartime
, and continues to research and write biographies for the Last Post Ceremony project.