The Australian National Dictionary (AND) is the ultimate dictionary of Australianisms. It includes words and meanings that have originated in Australia. Words that have a greater currency here than elsewhere or that have a special significance in Australian history.
Like the comprehensive Oxford English Dictionary, it differs from general dictionaries in being based on historical principles. This means it describes the full history of a word, starting with its earliest appearance, establishing its origin, and documenting its use over time.
All entries from the first edition, which was published in 1988, have been thoroughly revised and updated. There are 6000 new entries and more than 16,000 Australian terms.
These entries include:
- historical terms from the convict era
- the gold rushes
- the experience of war
The 2 volume set also includes colloquial terms, including rhyming slang and numerous lively and colourful idioms. Regional terms from different states and territories and terms from Aboriginal English.
New entries cover all aspects of Australian life, history, culture, and values, such as - barbecue stopper, bogan, budgie smugglers, bunny rug, captain's pick, chiko roll, chook lit, chroming, copha, corkie, couldn't run a chook raffle, do a Bradbury, drop bear, fairy bread, firie, goon bag, grommet, hip-pocket nerve, hornbag, humidicrib, karak, land of the fair go, marn grook, negative gearing, not happy Jan, pizzling, reg grundies, schmick, schoolies' week, seachanger, secret women's business, shirt-front, skippy, songline, spunk rat, trackie daks, ute muster and welcome to country.
There is detailed information on the origins of these unique Australian words, including comprehensive coverage of more than 550 words that have been borrowed from 100 Aboriginal languages.
Quotations from books, newspapers, diaries, etc., show how words have been used over time. More than 123,000 quotations illustrate the entries.
The Australian National Dictionary is the only comprehensive, historically based record of the words and meanings that make up Australian English. It is a unique lexical map of Australian history and culture.
The editors of the new Australian National Dictionary have magnificently recorded what must surely be the richest vernacular in the history of human utterance * Barry Humphries, Times Literary Supplement *