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The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia : From 10,000 B.C. to the Fall of Angkor - Charles Higham

The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia

From 10,000 B.C. to the Fall of Angkor

Paperback Published: 10th July 1989
ISBN: 9780521275255
Number Of Pages: 404

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Southeast Asia was the scene of one of the world's major civilisations, that of Angkor, until it was sacked in the early fifteenth century. The origins of Angkor were barely known until recent archaeological excavation and field research began to reveal the region's dynamic development and to raise new questions to serve in its understanding. This important new synthesis focuses on the social world of early mainland Southeast Asia: Thailand, Vietnam, Kampuchea, Laos and adjacent areas. The book begins when the area was occupied 12,000 years ago by hunters and gatherers. The author stresses the importance of sedentism and domestication. These encouraged the spread of coastal communities into the interior valleys. Particular relevance is seen in the exchange of valuables, including bronze, as symbols of status. The origins of civilisation, for long assumed to result from Indian expansion in the region, are seen as rooted in local changes, along with the selective adoption of Indian religious and political ideas within coastal cheifdoms. In bridging the gap between prehistory and history, this book will appeal not only to archaeologists but to those interested in the general history, culture and arts of Asia.

'We now, at last, have a balanced and authoritative view of the prehistory of the mainland of Southeast Asia, presented by an author who must be regarded as one of the most experienced archaeologists now working in the region ... Higham has done the discipline a great service, and this book deserves a wide readership. It would be very hard, using current knowledge, to improve upon it.' Dr Peter Bellwood, Quarterly Review of Archaeology

List of illustrationsp. vii
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Chronological tablep. xv
Introductionp. 1
Aspects of diversityp. 1
The personality of Southeast Asiap. 5
The history of archaeology in Southeast Asiap. 15
Themes and approachesp. 28
Hunter-gatherer communities and early domesticationp. 31
The coast and hills of Bac Bop. 33
Coastal groups in Viet Namp. 43
A hunting and gathering tradition in the North Thai uplandsp. 45
The Northern Thai uplands: summaryp. 59
The hunter-gatherer occupation of the Chao Phraya plainsp. 61
Coastal settlement round the Gulf of Siamp. 65
Domesticationp. 80
The expansion of domestic communitiesp. 90
The Khorat plateaup. 92
A general cultural frameworkp. 99
Non Nok Thap. 99
Ban Chiangp. 106
Ban Na Dip. 113
Other excavated sites in the northern Khorat plateaup. 117
The southern Khorat plateau: Ban Chiang Hian and related sitesp. 121
Dating General Periods A and Bp. 123
The subsistence basis of General Periods A and Bp. 130
The human remainsp. 139
The material culture of General Periods A and Bp. 141
The social organisationp. 153
The lower Chao Phraya valleyp. 157
The lower Mekong and its hinterlandp. 169
The coastal plains of Central Viet Namp. 173
The Bac Bo Regionp. 175
The expansion of domestic communities and the adoption of bronze-workingp. 185
The end of autonomy and emergence of chiefdomsp. 190
Bac Bo: the Dong Son phasep. 192
The Chao Phraya plainsp. 204
The Khorat plateaup. 209
The uplands of Laosp. 228
The Vietnamese coastal plainsp. 230
The transition from autonomy to centralityp. 233
The development of mandalasp. 239
India and Chinap. 242
Geographic regions which sustained mandalasp. 245
The lower Mekong and the delta: A.D. c 100-550p. 245
The delta mandalas: summaryp. 254
Mandalas of the middle Mekong and the Tonle Sap plains: A.D. 550-802p. 254
Zhenla mandalas: summaryp. 268
The Dvaravati mandalas of the Chao Phraya plains and their antecedants: A.D. 200-950p. 269
The Mun and Chi valleys in Northeast Thailandp. 279
The Han: three border commanderiesp. 287
Bac Bop. 287
The mandalas of Champap. 297
The dynastic history of Linyip. 298
The archaeological remains of Linyi: the Cham mandalasp. 302
Champa: summaryp. 306
The formative stages of Southeast Asian civilisation: a reviewp. 306
Summaryp. 318
The Angkorian Mandalap. 321
The dynastic history and main historic eventsp. 324
Taxationp. 344
The means of destructionp. 346
Agriculturep. 348
The pursuit of perfectionp. 352
Summary and conclusionsp. 353
Concluding remarksp. 356
Referencesp. 363
Indexp. 379
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521275255
ISBN-10: 0521275253
Series: Cambridge World Archaeology
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 404
Published: 10th July 1989
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 19.68  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.76

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