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The Arabesk Debate : Music and Musicians in Modern Turkey - Martin Stokes

The Arabesk Debate

Music and Musicians in Modern Turkey

Hardcover Published: 3rd December 1992
ISBN: 9780198273677
Number Of Pages: 278

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The Arabesk Debate describes the way in which Turkish musicians discuss, dispute, and attribute meaning to their music. Martin Stokes examines the debate over 'Arabesk', a musical genre popular throughout Turkey. His book is an ethnographic study of urban music-making in Istanbul, focusing on the activities of professional musicians and their audiences in the city. Dr Stokes looks at the Arabesk debate in the context of state cultural politics, Islam, and the experience of urbanization in Turkey. Within this context he discusses the role of the media, music education, the technology of popular music-making, the construction of gender and the emotions through musical performance, and concepts of musicianship in Turkish society. In looking at the interplay between national cultural politics and urban music-making at a local level, this book challenges both `mass culture' theory and more general assumptions about the study of music in society.

`The main strength of the book is to be found in Stokes's competent ability to explore both anthropological and musicological aspects of arabesk. His rigorous documentation and analysis of various aspects of Turkish musical life give us an equally vivid picture of contemporary Turkey as a secular Muslim state ... I found Stokes's book extremely informative, and it deserves the attention not only of students popular culture and music, Mediterranean specialists and researchers of the modern Muslim world, but also all ethnomusicologists interested in the study of music in society.' Anthropology Ireland `Martin Stokes's first book has a sophisticated awareness of orientalist controversies. It also draws on the opposition between centre and periphery. A major novelty here is that his perspective on the latter comes mostly from the sprawling metropolis of Istanbul ... fine book ... To my mind Stokes really does achieve an innovative synthesis in this book: cultural meanings are subtly explored against the evidence rather than imposed by the observer, and the author pays careful attention to the full social and political context ... there is no doubt that in this first book Martin Stokes admirably realises the stated goal of this new Oxford series, namely to set "the criteria of excellence in ethnographic description and innovation in analysis".' Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford `His fascinating and wide-ranging study is based on extensive fieldwork in Istanbul during the late 1980s. He draws on an impressive range of scholarly sources within the fields of ethnomusicology, anthropology, and popular music and Middle Eastern studies ... excellent book ... It is impressive, intelligent, enjoyable and informative, a valuable addition to the small number of studies on popular music to be found within the field of ethnomusicology.' Popular Music `Dr Stokes has written an extremely insightful analysis of both 'Arabesk', the leading genre of popular music in contemporary Turkey, as well as of the acrimonious public debate surrounding it, by combining the methodologies of anthropology and ethnomusicology. Rarely have these related methodologies been combined as successfully to treat a single musical genre of the contemporary Middle East ... The Arabesque Debate is a major contribution to the study of the role of popular musical culture within the highly contested world of Turkish cultural politics. As a monograph on any musical genre in contemporary Turkey its quality is unique, and it ranks among the best of the few comparable studies elsewhere in the Middle East.' Walter Feldman, MESA Bulletin

Technical Notes
List of Figures
Introductionp. 1
Centres and Peripheriesp. 4
Cities and Migrantsp. 8
Discourses of Sentimentp. 11
Field-workp. 14
Discovering the Folk and Their Musicp. 20
Turkismp. 22
Ziya Gokalp and the Turkish Theory of Culturep. 25
The Language Reformsp. 28
The Construction of a National Music, from Gokalp to the TRTp. 33
Reform in Action: the Institutions of Urban Halk Musicp. 36
Dernek and Dershanep. 43
'Rule, System, and Technique': Reconstructing Turkish Folk Musicp. 50
Defining Boundaries: Makam and Ayakp. 50
Individuality and Inventionp. 55
Notationp. 58
The Baglamap. 70
Regional Style: Tavir and Duzenp. 76
The Elektrosaz, the Piyasa and the Polyphony Debate: Live and Studio Performance of Halk Musicp. 81
Arabeskp. 89
Musicological Critique: Arabesk and Arab Musicp. 92
Sociological Critique: The Gecekondu Problem and 'Dolmus' Culturep. 99
Arabesk and Religious Reaction (Irtica)p. 109
The Musiciansp. 114
Audiencesp. 124
Arabesk Lyrics and Narrativesp. 133
Predicative Metaphors of Sound: Yanmak and Yakmakp. 134
Narratives of Music: The Arabesk Filmp. 138
The Arabesk Song Text and the Interior Domainp. 142
Arabesk and Protest: The Social Domain and the Garibanp. 149
Fate Love and Selfp. 154
Hal and Urban Spacep. 157
Emotions and Secretsp. 160
The Musical Organization of Arabeskp. 163
Inspirationp. 163
The Recording Studiop. 166
Makam in Arabesk: 'Sevda Gozlum'p. 172
Structure and Modality in Fantezi: 'Dunya Donuyor'p. 181
Usul and Disorderp. 192
Arabesk and Semap. 203
Semap. 205
The Language of Sema: the Secret and the Feastp. 214
The Dancep. 217
Tasavvuf and the Music of the Spheresp. 220
Conclusionp. 222
Appendix A. Makam and Ayakp. 229
Appendix B. Sarki and Turku Textsp. 232
Bibliographyp. 249
Glossary of Musical Termsp. 257
Indexp. 259
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198273677
ISBN-10: 0198273673
Series: Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 278
Published: 3rd December 1992
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.1 x 14.5  x 2.1
Weight (kg): 0.45