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The Apartheid City and Beyond : Urbanization and Social Change in South Africa - David M. Smith

The Apartheid City and Beyond

Urbanization and Social Change in South Africa

By: David M. Smith (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 2nd April 1992
ISBN: 9780415076012
Number Of Pages: 326

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Apartheid as legislated racial separation substantially changed the South African urban scene. Race group areas' remodelled the cities, while the creation of homelands', mini-states and the pass laws' controlling population migration constrained urbanization itself. In the mid-1980s the old system - having proved economically inefficient and politically divisive - was replaced by a new policy of orderly urbanization'. This sought to accelerate industrialization and cultural change by relaxing the constraints on urbanization imposed by state planning. The result was further political instability and a quarter of the black (or African) population housed in shanty towns. Negotiations between the Nationalist government and the African National Congress are working towards the end of the old apartheid system. Yet the negation of apartheid is only the beginning of the creation of a new society. The vested interests and entrenched ideologies behind the existing pattern of property ownership survive the abolition of apartheid laws. Beyond race, class and ethnicity will continue to divide urban life. If the cities of South Africa are to serve all the people, the accelerating process of urbanization must be brought under control and harnessed to a new purpose. The contributors to this volume draw on a broad range of experience and disciplines to present a variety of perspectives on urban South Africa.

List of figures
List of tables
List of contributors
Preface
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 11
Dispossession, exploitation and struggle: an historical overview of South African urbanizationp. 13
Local and regional government: from rigidity to crisis to fluxp. 25
Housing and community under apartheidp. 37
The apartheid state and Black housing strugglesp. 39
State intervention in housing provision in the 1980sp. 53
Class struggle over the built environment in Johannesburg's coloured areasp. 65
The 'spatial impress' of the central and local states: the Group Areas Act in Durbanp. 74
The destruction of Clairwood: a case study on the transformation of communal living spacep. 87
Urban (mis)management? A case study of the effects of orderly urbanization on Duncan Uillagep. 99
Informal settlementp. 111
Winterveld: an urban interface settlement on the Pretoria metropolitan fringep. 113
Khayelitsha: new settlement forms in the Cape Peninsulap. 125
The road to 'Egoli': urbanization histories from a Johannesburg squatter settlementp. 136
Informal settlement: theory versus practice in KwaZulu/Natalp. 147
Servicing the citiesp. 159
The absorptive capacity of the informal sector in the South African cityp. 161
Travelling under apartheidp. 172
Changing state policy and the Black taxi industry in Sowetop. 182
The Regional Services Council debacle in Durbanp. 193
Tourism and development needs in the Durban regionp. 205
Urbanization and health: evidence from Cape Townp. 216
Towards a post-apartheid cityp. 229
The post-apartheid city: hopes, possibilities, and harsh realitiesp. 231
Urbanization and the South African city: a manifesto for changep. 243
Post-apartheid housing policyp. 255
Contradictions in the transition from urban apartheid: barriers to gentrification in Johannesburgp. 266
'Turning grey': how Westville was wonp. 279
Power, space and the city: historical reflections on apartheid and post-apartheid urban ordersp. 292
Lessons from the Harare, Zimbabwe, experiencep. 303
Conclusionp. 314
Indexp. 318
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415076012
ISBN-10: 0415076013
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 326
Published: 2nd April 1992
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.64
Edition Number: 1